- String Quartet No. 8 (Simpson)
The String Quartet No. 8 by Robert Simpson was composed in 1979 in response to a commission by the
Brunel Philharmonic Societywith funds made available from the Greater London Arts Association. The work is dedicated to Professor Gillett, who was the director of Biological Sciences at Brunel Universityin 1980, and his wife.Fact|date=July 2008 The Quartet was first performed on 21 June 1980 by the Delme String Quartetat Brunel University, and has been recognised by some as one of Simpson’s finest quartets.Fact|date=July 2008POV-statement|date=July 2008
The work is comprised of four movements:
1. Grave, molto intensivo2. Molto vivace (Eretmapodites gilletti)3. Allegretto grazioso4. Risoluto e concentrato
The quartet opens with an austere melody from the first violin which comprises the main subject of the predominately fugal first movement. In turn, the melody is taken up by all four instruments and then developed by metamorphosis throughout the rest of the movement. This subject also forms an integral part of the rest of the quartet.vague The interval of a perfect fifth in particular plays a vital role of the concentrated construction of the entire work. The intensity of the
fugueis mitigated at times by more reflective material. As the fugue develops, power and energy is gained until a climax is reached with scurrying motion of the viola and cello. Hereafter the music becomes calmer and the movement ends peacefully.
The second movement is a very short
scherzo, illustrating a mosquito (hence the title of the movement, Eretmapodites gilletti, a species discovered by and named after the work’s dedicatee). This scherzo is in A-B-A form, and although being short, it contains some of the most evocative music Simpson ever penned.POV-statement|date=July 2008
The third movement too is quite short, for muted
stringsand comprised entirely of elusive half-shadesvague, being both mysterious and graceful. It is cast in a very small-scale sonata form, and the dynamic seldom rises from a soft pp.
The tumultuous and intense finale balances out the extended opening movement. It is the same length as the opening movement, but the texture is not fugal. Pungencyvague rather than speed creates the intensity, and throughout there is a very deliberate quality to the writing which quite unique. Unlike the first movement where the calmer, reserved music prevailed, in the finale the concentrated energy prevails, with scales of all kindsvague evolving from the texture as the movement closes vigorously.
A typical performance of this work lasts approximately 30 minutes.
Currently, the only commercially available CD is a
Hyperion Recordsrelease which also includes String Quartet No. 7, both performed by the Delme Quartet. [Andrew Jacksons, " [http://members.aol.com/dmlovelock/simpson_recordings.htm Recordings and Reviews of Simpson's Works] . Accessed 5 July 2008]
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