- Miller House (Columbus, Indiana)
Miller HouseSouthern entrance
Location: Columbus, Indiana Coordinates: Coordinates: Architect: Eero Saarinen Governing body: Private MPS: Modernism in Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Design, and Art in Bartholomew County, 1942-1965 MPS NRHP Reference#: 00000706 Significant dates Added to NRHP: May 16, 2000 Designated NHL: May 16, 2000
The Miller House, also known as Miller House and Garden, is a Mid-Century modern home designed by Eero Saarinen and located in Columbus, Indiana, United States. The residence, commissioned by American industrialist, philanthropist, and architecture patron J. Irwin Miller and his wife Xenia Simons Miller in 1953, is now owned by the Indianapolis Museum of Art. Miller supported modern architecture in the construction of a number of buildings throughout Columbus, Indiana. Design and construction on the Miller House took four years and was completed in 1957. The home was declared a National Historic Landmark in 2000. The Miller family owned the home until 2008, when Xenia Miller, the last resident of the home, died.
In 2009, the home and gardens, along with many of the original furnishings, were donated to the Indianapolis Museum of Art by members of the Miller family. In addition to Eero Saarinen, the house and gardens showcases the work of leading 20th-century figures such as interior designer Alexander Girard, landscape architect Dan Kiley, and principal design associate at the Saarinen office, Kevin Roche.
As a friend of J. Irwin and Xenia Miller, Eero Saarinen had first designed a summer house in the Muskoka region of Ontario, Canada for the family and was then asked to conceptualize and build the Miller House in Columbus, Indiana. The Miller house was meant to be a year-round residence, rather than just a vacation home. The Millers wanted a home in which they could entertain heads of states and titans of industry. At about 6,838 square feet, the Miller House is one of very few single family homes that Saarinen designed.
The Miller House epitomizes the modernist architectural tradition developed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe with its open and flowing layout, flat roof, and stone and glass walls. Within the interior of the home, four non-public areas branch off from a central space, which features a conversation pit. These four branches include rooms for parents, children, guests and servants, and utilitarian areas (kitchen and laundry). The plan avoids a conventional axial organization, instead displacing the hierarchy of the rooms with a more egalitarian and functional arrangement. The geometry of the house's plan is similar to Andrea Palladio's sixteenth-century Villa Rotunda in its organization of rooms around a central space.
A grid pattern of skylights, supported by sixteen free-standing cruciform steel columns, show concern for the play of light and shadow. A cylindrical fireplace, a 50-foot long storage wall, and the sunken conversation pit are key elements of the modern design of the central space.
The completed house was photographed in 1958 by Ezra Stoller for an article that appeared in The Architecture Forum. The Millers made only minor changes to the house over the years, including the removal of an interior wall in order to enlarge a guest room.
Saarinen brought in landscape architect Dan Kiley, with whom he had worked on the St. Louis Gateway Arch. Kiley wanted the landscape to be an extension of the home, loosely divided into four sections extending from the corresponding sections of the house, each with its own identity. The Miller House is an example of residential landscape design that puts a modernist face on formal European gardens, which rely on symmetry and geometry.
The plot of land, bounded by the Flatrock River on the west and Washington Street on the east, measures about 13.5 acres. Kiley left the long meadow that sweeps toward the river largely untouched, choosing to focus his attention on shaping spaces around the house. Much of the vegetation, like the weeping beeches on the west side of the house, were placed there strategically to protect living areas from natural intruders like sun and wind.
An allée of horse chestnut trees lines the entry drive, which reveals the house slowly as one approaches. The Miller's did not want their home to be an imposing object in the landscape from the entrance of their property or from their neighbor's homes. Gridded blocks of apple trees are present on the lawn farther east. The easternmost edge of the property is planted with staggered blocks of arborvitae, creating a hedge that serves as a porous boundary. The garden areas to the north of the house were originally planted with redbuds, which were later replaced with crabapples. In the southwest corner there is a swimming pool also surrounded by arborvitae hedges.
One of the most notable features of the landscape design is the allée of honey locust trees that runs along the west side of the house which frames the view of the meadow and the river beyond it. The allée received a terminus at each end in subsequent years: Henry Moore’s Draped Reclining Woman at the north end, and a bas relief by Jacques Lipchitz at the south. As part of a landscape renovation conducted by Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Inc. of Cambridge, MA, the Honey Locust allée was replanted in the Spring of 2008. The iconic Moore sculpture was sold and removed from garden following Xenia Miller's death in 2008.
Architect and interior designer Alexander Girard worked closely with the Millers to furnish the residence. His choices for fabrics, textiles, furniture, and ornaments are said to bring warmth and color to the rectilinearity and geometry of the house.
Girard designed a 50-foot storage wall made up of cabinets, bookshelves, and niches that allow equipment to remain hidden while the Millers' eclectic objects can be displayed. Some of these objects included folk art from Mexico, Asia and Eastern Europe. He designed patterns for many of the curtains in the house, as well as several rugs. One of the latter is composed of emblems that represent family history and interests. His designs for cushions for the dining room chairs feature the initials of family members. Girard is credited with suggesting the idea of the conversation pit, which eliminates the look of cluttered seating in the expansive living room, reinforcing the linearity of the architecture.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b "Miller House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1757288303&ResourceType=Building. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
- ^ a b c Roman, Antonio (2003). Eero Saarinen: An Architecture of Multiplicity. Princeton Architectural Press.
- ^ a b c d e f g Kamin, Blair (2 April 2011). "CityScapes: The Miller House and Garden opens in May for public tours". Chicago Tribune. http://featuresblogs.chicagotribune.com/theskyline/2011/04/the-miller-house-and-garden-opens-in-may-for-public-tours-.html. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ a b c d Kiley, Dan; Jane, Amidon (1999). Dan Kiley: The Complete Works of America's Master Landscape Architect. Bulfinch.
- ^ a b c Stephens, Suzanne (February 2011). "Miller House and Garden". Architectural Record. http://archrecord.construction.com/residential/hotm/2011/02/miller_house_garden.asp. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ Khemsurov, Monica (28 March 2011). "Living Color". New York Times. http://tmagazine.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/03/28/living-color/. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ a b c d Webb, Michael (2001). Modernism Reborn: Mid-Century American Houses. Universe.
- ^ Sveiven, Megan (2 March 2011). "AD Classics: Miller House and Garden / Eero Saarinen". Arch Daily. http://www.archdaily.com/116596/ad-classics-miller-house-and-garden-eero-saarinen/. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ a b c Barreneche, Raul (May 2011). "America’s Most Significant Modernist House". Travel + Leisure. http://www.travelandleisure.com/articles/americas-most-significant-modernist-house#. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Frankel, Felice (1991). Modern Landscape Architecture: Redefining the Garden. Abbeville Press.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Lange, Alexandra (4 April 2011). "Making the Modern House Home". The Design Observer Group. http://observatory.designobserver.com/feature/making-the-modern-house-home/26158/. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- ^ a b Walker, Peter (1996). Invisible Garden: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape. The MIT Press.
U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other Category:National Register of Historic Places • Portal:National Register of Historic Places
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Miller House — may refer to: in the United States (by state then city) Miller O Donnell House, Mobile, Alabama, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) Miller House (Little Rock, Arkansas), listed on the NRHP in Arkansas Miller and… … Wikipedia
Columbus, Indiana — City Nickname(s): Athens of the Prairie … Wikipedia
Liste der National Historic Landmarks in Indiana — Die Liste der National Historic Landmarks in Indiana ist eine Denkmalliste von derzeit 37 vom US Innenministerium als National Historic Landmark (NHL) anerkannten Stätten und Denkmälern von nationaler Bedeutung im Bundesstaat Indiana. Sie werden… … Deutsch Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in Bartholomew County, Indiana — Location of Bartholomew County in Indiana This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bartholomew County, Indiana. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of… … Wikipedia
Current members of the United States House of Representatives — Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party current to January 2011. Region Democrats Republicans Vacant Total States as defined in the US Census New England … Wikipedia
J. Irwin Miller — Joseph Irwin Miller (May 26 1909 mdash; August 19 2004) was an American industrialist, patron of modern architecture, and lay leader in the Christian ecumenical movement and civil rights. He was instrumental in the rise of the Cummins Corporation … Wikipedia
List of people from Indiana — This is a list of some famous people who were born or lived in Indiana. Founders and pioneers* Johnny Appleseed, missionary (Fort Wayne) *Squire Boone, frontiersman, (Loconia) * Jonathan Jennings, first Governor of Indiana * Dennis Pennington,… … Wikipedia
Comfort Inn & Suites Columbus — (Columbus,США) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 2485 Jonatha … Каталог отелей
Joaquin Miller — Born Cincinnatus Hiner Miller September 8, 1837(1837 09 08) Died February 17, 1913(1913 02 17) (aged … Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in Lake County, Indiana — Location of Lake County in Indiana This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Lake County, Indiana. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in… … Wikipedia