List of linguistics topics


List of linguistics topics

Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist. "See also the List of basic linguistics topics, the List of phonetics topics, the List of linguists, and the List of cognitive science topics." Topics on linguistics include:

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A

Abbreviation -
Abessive case -
Ablaut -
Absolutive case -
Abugida -
Accusative case -
Acute accent -
Accent -
Acronym -
Adessive case -
Adjective -
Adjunct -
Adposition -
Adpositional phrase -
Adverb -
Adverbial -
Adverbial phrase -
Affix -
Affricate consonant -
Agglutination -
Agglutinative language -
Allative case -
Allomorph -
Allophone -
Alphabet -
Analytic language -
Anaphora -
Anthropological linguistics -
Alveolar consonant -
Antonym -
Approximant -
Article -
Articulatory gestures -
Articulatory phonetics -
Aspect -
Areal feature -
Asterisk -
Attrition -
Augment -
Auxiliary verb

B

Back-formation -
Backronym -
Bilabial consonant -
Breathy voice -
Breve

C

Calque -
Capitalization -
Capitonym -
Cardinal vowel -
Case -
Case in tiers -
Cedilla -
Chiasmus -
Circumfix -
Circumflex -
Clefting -
Click consonant -
Closed-class word -
Cognate -
Cognitive science -
Coherence -
Colloquialism -
Comitative case -
Communication skill
Comparative -
Comparative linguistics -
Comparative method -
Compound noun and adjective -
Compound verb -
Computer-assisted language learning -
Computational linguistics -
Conjugation -
Conjunct -
Conjunction -
Consonant -
Constructed language -
Context -
Copula -
Corpus -
Corpus linguistics -
Cranberry morpheme -
Creaky voice -
Creole language -
Cryptanalysis -
Cuneiform

D

Dangling modifier -
Dative case -
Decipherment -
Declension -
Defective verb -
Descriptive linguistics -
Dental consonant -
Derivation -
Determiner -
Diacritic -
Diaeresis -
Dialect -
Dictionary -
Diphthong -
Discourse -
Disjunct -
Dislocation -
Double acute accent -
Dual grammatical number

E

Ecolect -
Eggcorn -
Ecolinguistics -
Elative case -
Endangered language -
English pronunciation -
Entailment -
Ergative case -
Error -
Essive case -
Ethnologue -
Etymology -
Etymologist -
Eurolinguistics -
Evolutionary linguistics -
Example-based machine translation -
Expletive

F

False cognate -
False friend -
Formal language -
Fricative consonant -
Function word -
Fusional language -
Future tense

G

Gender -
General semantics -
Genitive case -
Germanic umlaut -
Gerund -
Glottal consonant -
Glottal stop -
Glottochronology -
Government -
Grammar -
Grammatical mood -
Grammatical number -
Grammatical voice -
Grave accent -
Great Vowel Shift -
Grimm's law -
Guttural consonant

H

Hacek -
Heaps' law -
High rising terminal -
Historical-comparative linguistics -
Historical linguistics -
History of linguistics -
Homonym -
Hypernym -
Hyponym

I

I-mutation -
Ideogram -
Idiolect -
Idiom -
Illative case -
Impersonal pronoun -
Impersonal verb -
Implication (pragmatics) -
Indo-European languages -
Inessive case -
Infinitive -
Infix -
Inflected language -
Inflection -
Initialism -
Initial-stress-derived noun -
Instructive case -
Interjection -
International Phonetic Alphabet -
IPA chart for English
Irregular verb

J

Juxtapose (Juxtaposition)

K

L

Labiodental consonant -
Language -
Language acquisition -
Language attrition -
Language ecology -
Language education -
Language families and languages -
Language game -
The Language Instinct -
Language isolate -
Laryngeal theory -
Lateral consonant -
Lemma -
Lexeme -
Lexical semantics -
Lexicography -
Lexicology -
Lexicon -
Linguist -
Linguistic layers -
Linguistic anthropology -
Linguistics -
Linguistics basic topics -
Liquid consonant -
List of linguists -
Loanword -
Locative case

M

Machine translation -
Macron -
Manner of articulation -
Meaning -
Meronymy -
Metathesis -
Minimal pair -
Mispronunciation -
Mora -
Morpheme -
Morphology

N

Naming -
Nasal consonant -
Natural language -
Natural language processing -
Natural language understanding -
Neologism -
Neurolinguistics -
Nominative case -
Noun -
Noun phrase -
Null morpheme

O

Onomasiology -
Onomatopoeia -
Open class word -
Optimality theory -
Origin of language -
Orthography -
Object subject verb -
Object verb subject -
Oxytone

P

Palatal consonant -
Paradigm -
Paroxytone -
Part of speech -
Participle -
Particle -
Partitive case -
Persuasion -
Pharyngeal consonant -
Philology -
Philosophy of language -
Phonation -
Phone -
Phonetics -
Phonetic complement -
Phonetic transcription -
Phonology -
Phoneme -
Phonemics -
Phrase -
Phrase structure rules -
Pidgin -
Place Manner Time -
Place of articulation -
Pleonasm -
Pluperfect -
Polysemy -
Polysynthetic language -
Portmanteau -
Possessive case -
Postalveolar consonant -
Postposition -
Pragmatics -
Prefix -
Preposition -
Prepositional phrase -
Prescription and description -
Presupposition -
Preterite -
Profanity -
Prolative case -
Pronoun -
Pronunciation -
Prosody (linguistics) -
Proparoxytone -
Pseudo-acronym -
Pseudo-Anglicism -
Psycholinguistics -
Punctuation

Q

Quendecincy - Quirky subject

R

Radical -
Regimen -
Retroflex consonant -
Retronym -
Rhotics -
Romanization -
Rounded vowel

S

SAMPA -
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis -
Schwa -
Second language -
Semantics -
Semantic class -
Semantic feature -
Semantic property -
Semiotics -
Semivowel -
Sentence -
Sentence function -
Shall -
Sign -
Sign language -
Sociolinguistics -
Slack voice -
Slang -
Sociolect -
Sound change -
The sound pattern of English -
SOV -
Speaker recognition -
Specialized lexicography -
Speech communication -
Speech act -
Speech disorder -
Speech processing -
Speech recognition -
Speech synthesis -
Speech therapy -
Spiritus asper -
Split infinitive -
Standard language -
Stop consonant -
Stratificational linguistics -
Structuralism -
Stylistics -
Superlative -
Suppletion -
Subject -
SVO -
Supine -
Syllabary -
Syllable -
Synonym -
Syntactic ambiguity -
Syntactic categories -
Syntax -
Synthetic language

T

Tagmemics -
Tense -
Text types -
Thematic role -
Theoretical linguistics -
Thesaurus -
Thou -
Time Manner Place -
Tonal language -
Tongue-twister -
Transcription -
Transformational-generative grammar -
Translation -
Translative case -
Truth condition -
T-V distinction -
Typology

U

Uninflected word -
Universal grammar -
Unsolved problems in linguistics -
Uvular consonant

V

V2 word order -
Variety -
Velar consonant -
Verb -
Verb object subject -
Verb phrase -
Verb subject object -
Verbal noun -
Verner's law -
Vocative case -
Vowel -
Vowel harmony -
Vowel stems -

W

Weak suppletion -
Will (verb) -
Word -
Word sense disambiguation -
Writing -
Writing systems -
Wug test

X

X-bar theory

Y

Z

Zipf's law


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