- William and Mary
The phrase William and Mary usually refers to the joint sovereignty over the
Kingdom of England, as well as the Kingdom of Scotland, of King William III and his wife Queen Mary II, a daughter of James II. Their joint reign began in February, 1689, when they were called to the throne by Parliament, replacing James II, who was "deemed to have fled" the country in the Glorious Revolutionof 1688. After Mary died in 1694, William of Orange ruled alone until his death in 1702. Their rule was the only period in British history in which "joint sovereigns" with equal powers were allowed to reign; usually, the spouse of the monarch has no power and is simply a consort.
To end the Glorious Revolution, William and Mary signed the English Bill of Rights, and a new co-operation between the Parliament and the monarchs, leading to a greater measure of personal liberty and democracy in Britain. This action both signaled the end of several centuries of tension and conflict between crown and parliament, and the end of the idea that England would be restored to
Roman Catholicism, King William being a Protestant leader.
The English Bill of Rights also inspired the colonists in the Americas to revolt in Massachusetts, New York, and Maryland.
The College of William & Maryin Williamsburg, Virginia, was chartered in 1693, endowed and named in their honour.
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William and Mary — noun joint monarchs of England; William III and Mary II • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nobility, ↑aristocracy * * * noun Usage: usually capitalized W&M Etymology: after William III died 1702 and Mary II died 1694 joint sovereigns of E … Useful english dictionary
William and Mary — n [U] a style of furniture that was popular in Britain at the end of the 17th century, during the reign of King William III and Queen Mary. Elegant tables, chairs and cupboards with designs carved into the wood are typical of the style. * * * … Universalium
William and Mary (short story) — William and Mary is a short story by Roald Dahl, included in his 1960 collection Kiss Kiss . It was later adapted into an episode of Tales of the Unexpected.Plot summaryThe story begins with Mary Pearl receiving a note from her recently departed… … Wikipedia
William and Mary (disambiguation) — William and Mary may be: * William and Mary , shorthand for The College of William Mary *William and Mary, a collective name for William III and Mary II of England, and their joint reign *William and Mary (TV series), 2003 2005 ITV romantic… … Wikipedia
William and Mary (TV series) — William and Mary is an ITV romantic comedy drama, starring Martin Clunes as William Shawcross, an undertaker, and Julie Graham as Mary Gilcrest, a midwife. Its title refers to its 2 principal characters and is a cultural reference to the reign of … Wikipedia
William and Mary Style — [ wɪljəm ənd meərɪ staɪl], Stilrichtung der englischen Barockarchitektur während der gemeinsamen Regierungszeit von Maria II. Stuart (1689 94) und Wilhelm III. von Oranien (1689 1702), bestimmt durch einen niederländisch geprägten Klassizismus … Universal-Lexikon
William and Mary of England — King and Queen of England: William III and Mary II. William and Mary ruled together as husband and wife. To see more information on each individual see William III or Mary II William, along with his wife Mary, gained the crown of England after… … Wikipedia
William and Mary Quarterly — The William and Mary Quarterly is a quarterly history journal published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture. It is among the leading academic journals for the history of the Americas and the Atlantic world from the… … Wikipedia
William and Mary, College of — State supported college in Williamsburg, Va. The second oldest institution of higher education in the U.S. (after Harvard University), it was chartered in 1693 by King William III and Queen Mary II. Its alumni include Thomas Jefferson, John… … Universalium
William and Mary style — style of decorative arts so named during the reign (1689–1702) of William III and Mary II of England. When William came to the English throne from the house of Orange, he encouraged many Dutch artisans to follow him. In addition to these… … Universalium