Offenburg


Offenburg
Offenburg
Coat of arms of Offenburg
Offenburg is located in Germany
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Offenburg
Coordinates 48°28′15″N 7°56′27″E / 48.47083°N 7.94083°E / 48.47083; 7.94083Coordinates: 48°28′15″N 7°56′27″E / 48.47083°N 7.94083°E / 48.47083; 7.94083
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Ortenaukreis
Lord Mayor Edith Schreiner (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 78.39 km2 (30.27 sq mi)
Elevation 163 m  (535 ft)
Population 59,215 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 755 /km2 (1,956 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate OG
Postal codes 77601–77656
Area code 0781
Website www.offenburg.de
Imperial City of Offenburg
Reichsstadt Offenburg
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
before 1240–1803
Capital Offenburg
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - First documentary
    mention

1148
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit before 1240 the 13th century
 - City razed in
    Nine Years' War

1689
 - Became Badish fief 1701–71
 - Ceded to Baden 1803

Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. With about 60,000 inhabitants, it is the largest city and the capital of the Ortenaukreis.

Offenburg also houses University of Applied Sciences Offenburg. Offenburg has a station on the Rhine Valley Railway between Karlsruhe and Basel.

Contents

Geography

Offenburg is located near the Rhine between Karlsruhe and Freiburg. The French city of Strasbourg lies directly west across the Rhine. Offenburg lies at the mouth of the Kinzig river valley. The Kinzig flows out of the Black Forest and meets the Rhine near Kehl.

History

The city is first mentioned in historical documents dating from 1148. By 1240 Offenburg had already been declared a Free Imperial City. The city was nearly totally destroyed in the Nine Years War. In 1803 Offenburg lost its status as a Free City and fell under the rulership of the Grand Duchy of Baden.

During the outbreak of the Revolutions of 1848, the "Offenburger Program" which contained thirteen demands "in the name of the people of Baden" was announced at the Salmen Inn on 12 September 1847. This was the first democratic demand in Germany. Along with the Karlsbad Resolves, the Offenburger Program demanded basic and human rights as well as freedom of the press and a progressive income tax structure. On 19 March 1848 the demands were confirmed by the 20,000 member Offenburg Peoples' Assembly.

Government

Mayors

  • Gustav Rée (1945–49)
  • Karl Heitz (1949–75)
  • Martin Grüber (1975–92)
  • Dr Wolfgang Bruder (1992–2002)
  • Edith Schreiner (since 2003)

Representatives to the Federal Parliament

Economy

Offenburg is home to Hubert Burda Media, a large printing and publishing company.

Culture and attractions

There are several historical attractions in Offenburg including:

  • The Salmen Inn
  • The Capuchin Monastery
  • The Ritterhaus, a 1784 manor-house that has been converted into the city archives and museum
  • The Jewish Bath (Mikwe): a bathhouse belonging to the city's historical Jewish community; it was held to be medieval, but recent research suggests it may be from the 16th or 17th century[2]
  • The former Royal Palace (Königshof) built by Michael Ludwig Rohrer, now the Police station

People

International relations

Offenburg is twinned with:

for more see http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offenburg#St.C3.A4dtepartnerschaften

Notes

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Offenburg — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • OFFENBURG — OFFENBURG, town in Baden, Germany. It appears that there were Jews in Offenburg during the 13th century. A Judenbad (mikveh), 39 ft. (12 m.) deep, dating from this period was discovered in 1857. At the time of the black death (1348–49), three… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Offenburg — Offenburg, 1) Hauptstadt des bad. Kreises O., der 1593 qkm (28,98 QM.) mit (1905) 181,161 Einw., davon (1900) 58,816 Evangelische, 112,289 Katholiken und 1513 Juden, umfaßt, an der Kinzig, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinien Mannheim Konstanz und O …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Offenburg — Offenburg, 1) Amt im badenschen Mittelrheinkreise, am Rhein u. der Kinzig; 41/2 QM., 30,000 Ew.; 2) Stadt darin, sonst Residenzstadt, Amtssitz, an der Kinzig, der Badenschen Staatsbahn u. der Bergstraße; hat Kloster, Hospital, Theater,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Offenburg — Offenburg, Kreisstadt in Baden, an der Kinzig, (1900) 13.664 (1905: 15.434) E., Garnison, Land , Amtsgericht, Gymnasium, höhere Mädchenschule; Baumwoll , Leinwandweberei, Glasmalerei, Maschinen , Tabakfabrikation etc. Bis 1805 Reichsstadt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Offenburg — Offenburg, bad. Amtsstadt im Mittelrheinkreis, in schöner, fruchtbarer Gegend u. an der bad. Eisenbahn gelegen, eine wohlgebaute, wohlhabende, industrielle Stadt mit lebhaftem Verkehre, 4500 E., bekannt durch die Versammlungen von 1847, 48 u. 49… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Offenburg — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Offenburg — Offenbourg Offenbourg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Offenburg — Ọffenburg,   Kreisstadt in Baden Württemberg, 163 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Ausgang des Kinzigtals in das Oberrheinische Tiefland, 56 300 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz des Ortenaukreises; Fachhochschule; Heimatmuseum; chemische und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Offenburg — Original name in latin Offenburg Name in other language Ofenburg, Offenbourg, Offenburg, ZPA, ao fen bao, awfnbwrg, Офенбург, Оффенбург State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 48.47377 latitude 7.94495 altitude 163 Population 59238… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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