Socialist International


Socialist International
Socialist International

Socialist International logo
Abbreviation SI
Formation June 3, 1951
Type Federation
Purpose/focus World federation of socialist political parties
Location London, England, U.K.
Region served Worldwide
Membership 115
President George Papandreou
Main organ Congress of the Socialist International
Budget USD $1.7 million (€1 million) (2008)
Website http://www.socialistinternational.org
Countries in which SI member or consultative parties are in government or take part in the government coalition (as of June 2010).

The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of democratic socialist, social democratic and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.

Contents

History

The Second International, the original Socialist International which was formed in 1889 and dissolved during World War I in 1916 and the Labour and Socialist International which dissolved itself in 1940 with the rise of Nazism and the start of World War II, constituted some of the same parties that would later form the modern Socialist International. Among the Second International's most famous actions were its 1889 declaration of 1 May as International Workers Day and its 1910 declaration of 8 March as International Women's Day.

While the Second International was split by the outbreak of World War I, a skeleton form survived through the International Socialist Commission. The International re-formed in 1923 (as the Labour and Socialist International), and was reconstituted again, in its present form, after World War II (during which many social democratic and socialist parties had been suppressed in Nazi-occupied Europe).

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the Socialist International had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America.[1] In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose left-wing government had incited enmity from the United States.

Since then, the SI has admitted as member-parties not only the FSLN but also the centre-left Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as the ex-Communist parties such as the Italian Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra (DS)) and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO). Following the January 2011 uprising in Tunisia, the Constitutional Democratic Rally was expelled from the SI.[2] Later that month, the Egyptian National Democratic Party was also expelled.[3] As a result of the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis, the Ivorian Popular Front was expelled in March.[4] However, according to section 5.1.3 of the statutes of the Socialist International, an expulsion requires a decision of Congress by a majority of two-thirds.[5]

The Party of European Socialists, a European political party active in the European Parliament, is an associated organisation of the Socialist International.

The current Secretary General of the Socialist International is Luis Ayala (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.

Presidents

Honorary Presidents

Summits

  1. Germany Frankfurt 1951
  2. Italy Milan 1952
  3. Sweden Stockholm 1953
  4. United Kingdom London 1955
  5. Austria Vienna 1957
  6. Germany Hamburg 1959
  7. Italy Rome 1961
  8. Netherlands Amsterdam 1963
  9. Belgium Brussels 1964
  10. Sweden Stockholm 1966
  11. United Kingdom Eastbourne 1969
  12. Austria Vienna 1972
  13. Switzerland Geneva 1976
  14. Canada Vancouver 1978
  15. Spain Madrid 1980
  16. Portugal Albufeira 1983
  17. Peru Lima 1986
  18. Sweden Stockholm 1989
  19. Germany Berlin 1992
  20. United States New York 1996
  21. France Paris 1999
  22. Brazil São Paulo 2003
  23. Greece Athens 2008

Member parties

Country Name Government Notes
 Albania Socialist Party of Albania in opposition
 Algeria Socialist Forces Front in opposition
 Andorra Social Democratic Party in opposition
 Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in government
 Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation in opposition
 Argentina Socialist Party in opposition
 Argentina Radical Civic Union in opposition
 Aruba People's Electoral Movement in opposition
 Australia Australian Labor Party in government Also in Government in the states of Queensland, Tasmania and South Australia as well as the Territories of Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria senior party in coalition cabinet
 Belgium Socialist Party Different in opposition
 Belgium Socialist Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Benin Social Democratic Party in opposition part of the Alliance for Dynamism and Democracy
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats in government membership temporarily suspended[6]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina in government
 Brazil Democratic Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet part of For Brazil to keep on changing coalition
 Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats in opposition part of Coalition for Bulgaria
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party in opposition part of Coalition for Bulgaria
 Cameroon Social Democratic Front in opposition
 Canada New Democratic Party in opposition forms government in Provinces of Manitoba and Nova Scotia
 Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde in government
 Chile Socialist Party of Chile in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
 Chile Social Democratic Radical Party in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
 Chile Party for Democracy in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
 Colombia Colombian Liberal Party in opposition
 Costa Rica National Liberation Party in government
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia in opposition part of the Kukuriku coalition
 Curaçao Partido MAN in government
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy in opposition
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party in opposition
 Denmark Social Democrats senior party in coalition cabinet[7]
 Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party in opposition
 Ecuador Democratic Left in opposition
 Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy in opposition
 Estonia Social Democratic Party in opposition (formerly in government)
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland junior party in coalition cabinet
 France Socialist Party in opposition
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany in opposition
 Ghana National Democratic Congress in government
 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement in government
 Guatemala National Unity of Hope in opposition
 Haiti Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats in government (part of coalition)
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party in opposition
 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance senior party in coalition cabinet
 Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan junior party in coalition cabinet part of the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan
 Ireland Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Israel New Movement-Meretz in opposition
 Italy Democrats of the Left in opposition component of the Democratic Party
 Italy Italian Socialist Party in opposition has no seats in parliament
 Japan Social Democratic Party in opposition
 Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania in opposition
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Malaysia Democratic Action Party in opposition part of the Pakatan Rakyat which governs the states of Penang, Selangor, Kedah and Kelantan.
 Mali Alliance for Democracy in Mali in government part of the Alliance for Democracy and Progress
 Mali Rally for Mali in opposition part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic
 Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces in opposition
 Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement in opposition part of the MMM-MSM alliance
 Mauritius Mauritian Labour Party in government part of the Alliance Sociale
 Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution in opposition part of the Coalition for the Good of All
 Mexico Institutional Revolutionary Party in opposition part of the Alliance for Mexico
 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova junior party in coalition cabinet part of Alliance for European Integration
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party in government
 Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro junior party in coalition cabinet part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro senior party in coalition cabinet part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces junior party in coalition cabinet
 Mozambique FRELIMO in government
 Namibia South West Africa People's Organisation in government
 Nepal Nepali Congress in opposition
 Netherlands Labour Party in opposition
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front in government
 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism in government
 Norway Labour Party senior party in coalition cabinet
 Pakistan Pakistan Peoples Party senior party in coalition cabinet
 Palestinian territories Fatah
 Panama Democratic Revolutionary Party in opposition
 Paraguay Revolutionary Febrerista Party in government part of Patriotic Alliance for Change
 Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance in opposition
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance in opposition
 Portugal Socialist Party in opposition
 Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Independence Party Holds no seats in Puerto Rican Senate or House of Representatives
 Romania Social Democratic Party in opposition part of the Social Liberal Union
 San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats in opposition
 Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal in opposition has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
 Serbia Democratic Party senior party in coalition cabinet part of For a European Serbia
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy in opposition
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party in government
 South Africa African National Congress in government
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party in opposition
 Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland in coalition cabinet
 Turkey Republican People's Party in opposition
 United Kingdom Labour Party in opposition In Government in the Welsh Assembly and in opposition in the Scottish Parliament
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Social Democratic and Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 United States Democratic Socialists of America N/A not an electoral party
 Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay in government part of the Broad Front
 Uruguay New Space in government part of the Broad Front
 Venezuela Democratic Action in opposition
 Venezuela Movement for Socialism in opposition
 Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai senior party in coalition cabinet

Consultative parties

Observer parties

Fraternal organisations

Associated organisations

See also

References

  1. ^ The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989
  2. ^ "SI decision on Tunisia". Socialist International. doi:17 January 2011. http://www.socialistinternational.org/viewArticle.cfm?ArticleID=2085. Retrieved 19 January 2011. "A decision has been taken by the President together with the Secretary General, in accordance with the statutes of the Socialist International, to cease the membership of the Constitutional Democratic Assembly (RCD) of Tunisia. This decision, in extraordinary circumstances, reflects the values and principles which define our movement and the position of the International on developments in that country." 
  3. ^ Ayala, Luis (31 January 2011). "Letter sent to the National Democratic Party of Egypt regarding the situation in that country and their membership in the Socialist International.". Socialist International. http://www.socialistinternational.org/images/dynamicImages/files/Letter%20NDP.pdf. Retrieved 6 February 2011. "...we consider that a party in government that does not listen, that does not move and that does not immediately initiate a process of meaningful change in these circumstances, cannot be a member of the Socialist International. We are, as of today, ceasing the membership of the NDP, however we remain determined to cooperate with all the democrats in Egypt striving to achieve an open, democratic, inclusive and secular state." 
  4. ^ SI Presidium addresses situation in Côte d'Ivoire
  5. ^ "SI Statutes". Socialist International. doi:5 February 2011. http://www.socialistinternational.org/viewArticle.cfm?ArticleID=27. Retrieved 5 February 2011. "Decisions to expel parties and organisations from membership may be taken only by the Congress by a majority of two-thirds of parties voting." 
  6. ^ http://socialistinternational.org/viewArticle.cfm?ArticlePageID=931
  7. ^ "Vänsterseger i Danmark – med lång startsträcka". Dagens Nyheter. 16 September 2011. http://www.dn.se/nyheter/varlden/vansterseger-i-danmark-med-lang-startstracka. Retrieved 16 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Member Parties of the Socialist International, www.socialistinternational.org. Retrieved on 27 Sep 2011.

External links


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