- Unified Science
"Unified Science" can refer to any of three related strands in contemporary thought.
* Belief in the
unity of sciencewas a central tenet of logical positivism. Different logical positivists construed this doctrine in several different ways, e.g. as a reductionist thesis, that the objects investigated by the special sciencesreduce to the objects of a common, putatively more basic domain of science, usually thought to be physics; as the thesis that all of the theories and results of the various sciences can or ought to be expressed in a common language or "universal slang"; or as the thesis that all the special sciences share a common method.
* The writings of
Edward Haskelland a few associates, seeking to rework science into a single discipline employing a common artificial language. This work culminated in the 1972 publication of "". The vast part of the work of Haskell and his contemporaries remains unpublished, however. Timothy Wilkenand Anthony Judgehave recently revived and extended the insights of Haskell and his coworkers.
* Unified Science has been a consistent thread since the 1940s in
Howard T. Odum's systems ecologyand the associated Emergy Synthesis, modeling the " ecosystem": the geochemical, biochemical, and thermodynamic processes of the lithosphereand biosphere. Modeling such earthly processes in this manner requires a science uniting geology, physics, biology, and chemistry (H.T.Odum 1995). With this in mind, Odum developed a common language of science based on electronic schematics, with applications to ecology economic systems in mind (H.T.Odum 1994).
Consilience— the unification of knowledge, "e.g." science and the humanities
Unity of science
Tree of Knowledge System
* Odum, H.T. 1994. "Ecological and General Systems: An Introduction to Systems Ecology." Colorado University Press, Colorado.
* Odum, H.T. 1995. 'Energy Systems and the Unification of Science', in Hall, C.S. (ed.) "Maximum Power: The Ideas and Applications of H.T. Odum." Colorado University Press, Colorado: 365-372.
* [http://futurepositive.synearth.net/ Future Positive] Timothy Wilken's website, including a lot of material and diagrams on Edward Haskell's Unified Science
* [http://laetusinpraesens.org/docs00s/cardioid.php Cardioid Attractor Fundamental to Sustainability - 8 transactional games forming the heart of sustainable relationship] Anthony Judge's further development of these ideas
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