Pied Water-tyrant


Pied Water-tyrant

Taxobox
name = Pied Water Tyrant
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Pied Water-tyrant, "Fluvicola pica"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Tyrannidae
genus = " Fluvicola "
species = "F. pica"
binomial = "Fluvicola pica"
binomial_authority = (Boddaert, 1783)

The Pied Water Tyrant, "Fluvicola pica", is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in tropical South America from Panama and Trinidad south to Bolivia and Argentina.

This species is found in marshy savannahs and the edges of mangrove swamps. The nest is a feather-lined oval ball of grasses and other plant material, with a side entrance. It is placed at the end of a branch near or over water. Both sexes incubate the typical clutch of two or three creamy-white eggs, which are marked with a few brown spots. Cowbirds sometimes parasitise the nest.

The Pied Water Tyrant is 13.5 cm long and weighs 13g. Adults are mainly white with a black nape, back, wings and tail. Sexes are similar, although the female may have some brown mixed with the black, and immature birds are brown where the adult is black. The call is a nasal "djweeooo".

Pied Water Tyrants often bob up and down when perched, and have a fluttering “butterfly” display flight. They forage for insects, their staple diet, in low waterside vegetation.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
*cite book
last = ffrench
first = Richard
title = A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago
edition = 2nd edition
year = 1991
publisher = Comstock Publishing
isbn = 0-8014-9792-2

*cite book
last = Hilty
first = Steven L
title = Birds of Venezuela
publisher = Christopher Helm
date = 2003
location = London
isbn = 0-7136-6418-5

External links

* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/especie.phtml?idEspecie=5073 "Pied Water-Tyrant" videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [http://vireo.acnatsci.org/search.html?Form=Search&SEARCHBY=Common&KEYWORDS=pied+water-tyrant&showwhat=images&AGE=All&SEX=All&ACT=All&Search=Search&VIEW=All&ORIENTATION=All&RESULTS=24 Pied Water-tyrant photo gallery] VIREO
* [http://www.geometer.org/TT2004/TT/images/WaterTyrant.jpgPhoto-High Res] ; [http://www.geometer.org/TT2004/index.html Article] geometer.org–"Trinidad and Tobago"
* [http://www.oiseaux.net/photos/maxime.dechelle/pied.water-tyrant.1.html#alpha Photo-High Res(no. 1 of 3)] ; [http://www.oiseaux.net/photos/maxime.dechelle/photos.12.en.html Article] oiseaux


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