- Qur'an alone
Qur'an alone Muslims, Qur'anic Muslims, or sometimes Anti-Hadith Muslims, is a term used to refer to Muslims who reject
hadith, or reported traditions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and follow the Qur'an, a sacred text of Islam, exclusively.
Qur'anist / Qur'an Alone groups
The Ahle Qur'an
"Ahle Qur’an", a group formed by
Abdullah ChakralawiFact|date=March 2008, rely entirely on the chapters and verses of the Qur’an. Chakralawi's position was that the Qur’anitself was the most perfect source of tradition and could be exclusively followed. According to him, Muhammadcould receive only one form of revelation ( wahy), and that was the Qur'an. He argues that the Qur'an was the only record of divine wisdom, the only source of Muhammad's teachings, and that it superseded the entire corpus of hadith[ Ahmad, Aziz, Islamic Modernism in India and Pakistan 1857-1964, Oxford University Press, 1967, pp 120-121] .
Tolu-e-Islam ("Resurgence of Islam") is an organization based in Pakistan, with followers throughout the world. [http://www.tolueislam.com/ Bazm-e-Tolu-e-Islam] ] The movement was initiated by
Ghulam Ahmed Pervez, a Qur'anic scholar. In his writings and speeches, he re-interpreted Qur'anic verses with little or no emphasis on hadith.Dubious|date=March 2008 Tolu-e-Islam followers do not reject all hadiths; however, they only accept hadiths which "are in accordance with the Quran or do not stain the character of the Prophet or his companions". The organization is loosely controlled. The organization publishes and distributes books, pamphlets, and recordings of Pervez's teachings.
United Submitters International
The term is closely associated with the late
Rashad Khalifa, founder of the United Submitters International. While the USI do not refer to themselves as "Muslim" or claim to be "Islamic," they follow the Qur'an alone. The group popularized the phrase: the Qur'an, the whole Qur'an, and nothing but the Qur'an. After Khalifa declared himself a messenger of God, he was rejected as an apostate of Islam. He was assassinated in 1990. Beside following the Qur'an-only philosophy they also believe that there is a mathematical structure in the Qur'an based on the number 19. [http://godsmosque.org/june2006.html] .
Shi'asand Sunnishave sometimes called Qur'an Alone Muslims "Qur'aniyyun" (قرآنيون), loosely translated as "Qur'an people" or "Qur'anites".
Most Sunnis and Shi'as agree that hadith are an integral part of understanding and implementing Islamic teachings.Dubious|date=March 2008 They argue that the Qur'an itself commands obedience to both
Godand Muhammad, thereby prohibiting the rejection of hadith. Sunni clerics have directed several fatwas[http://islamqa.com/index.php?ref=3440&ln=eng] [http://islamqa.com/index.php?ref=604&ln=eng] against Qur'an Alone Muslims.
Liberal movements within Islam
Qur'an and Sunnah
United Submitters International
* Daniel Brown, "Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought " ISBN 0-521-65394-0
* Aisha Y. Musa, "Hadith as Scripture: Discussions on the Authority of Prophetic Traditions in Islam," New York: Palgrave, 2008 ISBN-10: 0230605354
* [http://free-minds.org Free-Minds]
* [http://www.quran-islam.org The Quran Islam Truth for Submitters ]
* [http://www.quranalone.com QuranAlone.com]
* [http://www.submission.org Submission.org]
* [http://www.submission.info Submission.info]
* [http://www.quranic.org Quranic Islam]
* [http://www.quranists.com Quranists.com]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.