:"For the theory relating to large scale deformations of elastic structures, see
Elastica Theory."Infobox musical artist
Name = Elastica
Background = group_or_band
Alternative rock Britpop
Years_active = 1992—2001
Atlantic Records Wichita Recordings
Associated_acts = Suede
Me Me Me
Justine Frischmann Annie Holland Justin Welch Donna Matthews
Elastica was formed in mid-1992 by ex-Suede guitarist
Justine Frischmannand ex-Spitfire and Suede drummer Fact|date=September 2008 Justin Welch. By the autumn of that year, bassist Annie Holland and guitarist Donna Matthews (ex-Darling Buds) Fact|date=September 2008 were added. After initially rehearsing, recording and gigging under names such as "Vaseline" and "Onk", the band settled on the name "Elastica" in early 1993 because of legal threats from The Vaselines.
Their first single was 1993's "Stutter", which benefited from the promotional efforts of
BBC Radio 1DJ and Deceptive Recordslabel boss Steve Lamacqwho had discovered the band earlier in the year. In 1994 Elastica released two UK top 20 singles, "Line Up" and "Connection," and performed on numerous radio shows. In addition Frischmann's relationship with Blur's Damon Albarnmade tabloidheadlines, thus creating further buzz about the band.
Elastica's first LP, "Elastica", was released in March 1995 and entered the UK charts at #1, becoming one of the fastest selling debut albums in UK history at the time.Fact|date=September 2007 The album was preceded by their fourth single "Waking Up" which went to #13 on the UK singles chart, their highest placing yet.
The band became subject to controversy when several bands sued them for plagiarism. Specifially, the
post-punkband Wire (whom Elastica counted as one of their main influences) claimed that many of the band's melodies were taken from Wire compositions. Notably, Wire's "I Am the Fly" has a chorus similar to Elastica's "Line Up" and the intro synthesiser part in Elastica's "Connection" (later also repeated on guitar) is lifted from the guitar riff in Wire's "Three Girl Rhumba" and transposed a semitone (the judgment resulted in an out-of-court settlement for which Wire received no compensationFact|date=August 2008). The Stranglersalso passed comment that Elastica's "Waking Up" bore a marked resemblance to their song "No More Heroes"Fact|date=January 2008.
In the United States "Connection" and "Stutter" received airplay on
modern rockradio and also both charted on the pop charts, as did their self-titled debut (which was later certified gold). After performing at the 1995 Glastonbury Festival, the band joined the Lollapaloozatour continuing an almost solid year of constant gigging. Citing exhaustion, original bassist Annie Hollandquit the band in early August of 1995 and was replaced for the remainder of the tour by session bassist Abby Travis. Holland wasn't permanently replaced until the arrival of Sheila Chipperfieldin the spring of 1996. Also around this time keyboardist David Bush (ex-"The Fall") was added to the lineup.
After playing more shows and demoing new material in the first half of 1996, Elastica entered the studio in the later part of the year to begin work on their second album. By late 1998, guitarist Donna Matthews had left the band. She was replaced by guitarist Paul Jones and keyboardist Sharon Mew. Also around this time Chipperfield was replaced with a returning Annie Holland.
As a tribute to the "lost years" of the band a self-titled six-track EP appeared in August 1999 collecting a variety of recordings from a multitude of aborted sessions. This EP marked the first new material from the band in over four years. After re-recording most of these songs in mid-1999, along with new compositions, the band played their first set of shows in years. Their second proper album, "
The Menace", was released in April 2000. After the release of a farewell single "The Bitch Don't Work" in 2001, the band announced their amicable breakup.
Justine Frischmann- vocals and guitar
Donna Matthews- guitar and vocals (1992-1998)
Annie Holland- bass (1992-1995, 1999-2001)
Justin Welch- drums
*David Bush - keyboards (1996-2001)
Sheila Chipperfield- bass (1996-1998)
*Paul Jones - guitar (1998-2001)
*Sharon Mew - keyboards and vocals (1999-2001)
Abby Travis- bass (touring, 1995-1996)
Damon Albarn- keyboards (1995, 1999) (credited under the anagrammatical pseudonym "Dan Abnormal" on "Elastica" and as "Norman Balda" on " The Menace")
Antony Genn- keyboards (touring, 1995-1996)
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