- Timeline of Singaporean history
This is a
timelineof the history of Singapore. For more detailed annual listings, see List of years in Singapore.
* 3rd century - Early Chinese account of Singapore describes the island of "Pu Luo Chung".
* 13th century - The port of
Temasekis founded by Sang Nila Utama, a prince of Srivijaya.
* 1320 - the Mongol court sent a mission to obtain elephants from "
Long Ya Men" (or "Dragon's Tooth Strait"), believed to be Keppel Harbour.
* 1330s - The Chinese traveller
Wang Dayuanvisits Temasek.
* 1390s -
Parameswara, the last Srivijayan prince, flees to Temasek.
* 1414 - Temasek becomes part of the
Sultanate of Malaccaestablished by Parameswara.
* 1511 - Temasek becomes part of
Sultanate of Johorafter Malacca fell to the Portuguese.
* 1613 - Portuguese burns down a trading outpost at the mouth of Singapore River.
January 29- Stamford Rafflesarrives in Singaporewith William Farquharto establish a trading post for the British East India Company.
February 6- The treaty is signed between Sultan Husseinof Johor, TemenggongAbdul Rahman and Stamford Raffles. Farquhar is installed as Resident of the settlement.
* 1822 - Raffles drafts the
Raffles Plan of Singaporeto reorganise the island.
* 1823 - Raffles founds the Singapore Institution, later renamed the
* Dr John Crawfurd takes over as Resident.
* 1824 - The
Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824is signed, Dutch withdraw all objections to British occupation of Singapore.
* 1826 - Singapore becomes part of the British colony of
Straits Settlementsunder the rule of the East India Company, together with Malaccaand Penang.
* 1830 - Singapore comes under the Presidency of
* 1832 - Singapore becomes the centre of government of the
* 1842 -
St. Margaret's Girls Schoolis founded by Maria TarnDyer, the first and oldest all girls' school in Singapore
* 1843 -
Thomas Dunman, the first full-time police chiefof Singapore, improves the police force as well as the pay and working hours of policemen.
* 1844 - The
Tan Tock Seng Hospitalbegins operation.
March 4- Raffles Girls' Schoolis established.
* 1852 - A new deep harbour called New Harbour, later known as
Keppel Harbour, is built.
* 1858 - Singapore is placed under the hierarchy of the Government of India, remaining as part of the
* 1858 - Commercial Square is renamed
* 1859 - The
Singapore Botanic Gardensis founded.
April 1- Straits Settlementsbecome a crown colony of British Empire.
* 1869 - The
Suez Canalopens, and Singapore enjoys the increase in trade
* 1877 - The
Chinese Protectorateis set up, and William Pickering becomes the head of it.
* 1885 -
Gan Eng Seng Schoolwas established at Telok Ayer Street
* 1886 -
* 1887 -
Methodist Girls' Schoolestablished.
* 1887 - The
Raffles Hotelis built.
* 1888 -
Henry Ridleybecomes the director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens.
* 1888 - The
Singapore Fire Brigadewas formed.
* 1892 - The
Tanjong Pagar Police Stationopens, and many Sikhpolicemen are recruited.
* 1899 -
Singapore Chinese Girls' Schoolestablished.
* 1906 - The
Nanyangbranch of Tongmenghuiis set up in Singapore.
* 1906 -
Tao Nan Schoolestablished by the Hokkien Huay Kuan.
* 1912 - The Singapore Harbour Board is set up.
February 15- February 25- The Singapore Mutiny occurred as British MuslimIndian sepoys rose up against the British.
* 1917 -
Nanyang Girls' High Schoolwas established by Tan Chor Nam, partially due to Dr Sun Yat Sen's belief in education for girls.
* 1919 -
The Chinese High Schoolestablished by Tan Kah Kee.
* 1922 - Singapore becomes the main British
naval basein East Asia.
* 1935 -
Catholic High School, the first bicultural and bilingual school in Singapore, was founded.
December 7- In an extensive three-pronged attack, Japan opens hostilities with the Allies and their colonies, Singapore suffers immense air raids from this point onwards until February 15. The Imperial Japanese Armyinvades Malaya.
December 10- The British battleship HMS "Prince of Wales" and battlecruiser HMS "Repulse" are sunk by Japanese bombers.
January 31- Malaya falls to the Japanese and the causeway is blown up to delay Japan's advancement to Singapore.
February 8- Japanese soldiers along the Straits of Johor start firing at Singapore.
February 9- The Japanese cross the Strait of Johorby inflatable boats and land in Singapore during the Battle of Singapore.
February 11- The Japanese and Allied soldiers fight fiercely at Bukit Timah.
February 13- The Malay regiment, led by Lt. Adnan bin Saidi, fight bravely against the Japanese at Pasir Panjang Ridgein the Battle of Pasir Panjang.
February 14- The Japanese have captured most of Singapore, and most of the population is crammed into the city centre.
February 15- The British surrenders and the Japanese Occupation of Singaporestarts. Singapore is renamed Syonan (Light of the South).
* 1942 February-March - The Japanese military police, the
Kempei Taikills an estimated between 25,000 to 50,000 people during Sook Ching Massacre.
* 1944 March -
Lim Bo Sengis captured by the Japanese, and dies after 3 months of torture.
August 14Japan surrenders, and there is anomieand lootingfor nearly a month when the British do not return immediately.
September 5- The British return to Singapore after the end of World War II and begin a military administration of the Straits Settlements.
April 1- The Straits Settlements is dissolved and Singapore becomes a separate crown colony.
* 1947 May - Severe food shortage leads to record-low rice ration, causing malnutrition, disease and outbreak of crime and violence.
* 1947 - A large number of strikes occur causing stoppages in public transport, public services and the harbour.
* 1948 - Rubber plantations and tin mines in Malaya are destroyed by communists, and the British declares the state of Emergency over Singapore and Malaya.
March 20- Singapore's first limited election is held, with 6 seats in the Legislative Council. The Singapore Progressive Partywins 3 seats.
June 18- Malayan Emergencybegins, Singapore declared a State of Emergencya week later.
* 1949 - The
University of Malayais formed following the merger of Raffles Collegeand King Edward Medical College.
December 11- December 13- 18 people are killed during the Maria Hertogh riots.
* 1951 - The number of elected seats is increased to 9 in the second election.
* 1953 -
Rendel Commissionis appointed to make recommendations for Singapore's self-government.
* 1954 May - Chinese school students demonstrate against the British due to the National Service proposal. See Anti-National Service Riots
May 12- Four people are killed during the Hock Lee bus riots.
April 2- The Labour Frontwins the most seats in election and David Saul Marshallbecomes the first Chief Minister as Singapore.
* 1956 June -
David Saul Marshallappeals to the United Kingdomfor full self-government, but resigns when he fails. Lim Yew Hocktakes over as Chief Minister.
* 1956 October - Riots by pro-communist Chinese school students occur when government closes down a student union.
* 1956 -
River Valley High School(formally known as Singapore Government Chinese Middle School), became the first Chinese secondary school established by the government.
* 1957 March -
Lim Yew Hocksuccessfully gains full self-government for Singapore.
* 1959 May -
People's Action Party(PAP) wins the General Election and Lee Kuan Yewbecomes the first Prime Minister.
* 1959 -
Encik Yusof bin Ishakbecomes the Head of Stateof Singapore.
June 3- A celebration is held at the Padangfor Singapore gaining full self-government.
December 3- The national anthem " Majulah Singapura", written by Zubir Said, is presented.
* 1960 - The
Housing and Development Boardis set up.
May 25- The Bukit Ho Swee Firekills four people and destroys 2,200 attap houses.
May 27- Tunku Abdul Rahman, the Prime Minister of Malaya, proposes a merger between Singapore, Malaya, Sabahand Sarawak.
September 1- A referendum is held in Singapore to vote on merger with Malaysia.
* 1963 February - During
Operation Coldstore, 107 left-wing politicians and trade unionists are arrested by Internal Security Department
July 9- The Malaysia Agreement is signed between leaders of Malaya, Singapore, Sabahand Sarawak.
August 31- In this Malaysia Solidarity Day, Lee Kuan Yewdeclares the Independence for Singapore.
September 16-- Malaysia is formed. Indonesiacarries out its konfrontasicampaign.
September 21- The PAP wins the 1963 State Elections, defeating the Barisan Sosialisand UMNO.
* 1964 The PAP wins one seat in the Malaysian Federal Election. UMNO is outraged.
July 21- There is an ethnic riot between various Malays and Chinese, on Prophet Muhammad's birthday, 23 people are killed.
March 10- Indonesian saboteurscarry out the MacDonald House bombing, killing three people.
* 1965 May -
Lee Kuan Yewbegins campaigning for a Malaysian Malaysia
August 7- Singapore and Malaysia sign the separation agreement.
August 9- The Malaysian Parliament votes to expel Singapore from the Federation; Singapore becomes independent after separating from Malaysia.
September 21- Singapore is admitted into the United Nationsas the 117th member.
* 1965 October - Singapore becomes the 22nd member of the Commonwealth.
December 22- Constitutional Amendment Act is passed and Yusof bin Ishakbecomes the first President of Singapore.
February 15- The Civilian Memorial is unveiled at the Kranji War Cemetery
March 14- The National Servicebill is passed in the parliament.
March 28- Registrations for national service begins at the Central Manpower Base.
June 12- The issue of the first Singapore Dollar.
* 1967 July - The first batch of the army is drafted for national service.
August 8- Singapore is the founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN).
* 1968 January - Britain announces its intention to withdraw its armed forces from Singapore.
* 1968 April - The PAP wins all seats in the 1968 General Election, which is boycotted by
May 31- The 1969 Race Riots of Singaporebroke out after growing tension of the May 13 Incidentin Malaysiaspilled over to Singapore.
* 1970 May - The
National Junior College, Singapore's first junior college, opens.
January 2- Dr Benjamin Henry Shearesbecomes the second President of Singapore.
October 31- The last British military forces withdraws from Singapore.
September 2- The PAP wins the 1972 General Election.
* 1972 - The
Singapore Airlinesis formed.
* 1973 - The first
Chingay Paradeis held in Singapore.
* 1973 - The construction of the National Stadium is completed.
* 1973 - The
Presidential Council for Minority Rightsis set up to ensure minority would not be discriminated.
* 1974 -
Hwa Chong Junior College, Singapore's first government-aided junior college and the premiere institution of the nation, was established.
January 31- Laju incident: Japanese Red Armybombs petroleum tanks at Pulau Bukomand hijacks a ferry boat.
* 1976 - The PAP wins all 69 seats in the 1976 General Election.
* 1978 -
October 12- Spyros disaster
* 1979 - Singapore becomes the world's second busiest port in terms of shipping tonnage.
* 1980 - The PAP wins all 75 seats in the 1980 General Election.
July 1- Singapore Changi Airportstarts operation.
October 24- C V Devan Nairbecomes the third President of Singapore.
October 31- Workers' Party of Singapore's Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnamelected into Parliament, breaking a 16 years PAP monopoly of the House.
* 1982 - The
Courtesy Campaignand the Civil Defence Programmeare launched.
29 January- Eniwetok, a Panamanian-registered oil rig, hits the Singapore Cable Carsystem, sending two cabins plunging into the sea and killing seven people.
* 1984 - The PAP wins the 1984 General Election while two members of the opposition parties are elected as members of parliament. Three PAP women MPs are also elected, ending a 16 years absence of women representation in Parliament.
* 1984 -
Non-Constituency Member of Parliamentwas introduced.
September 2- Wee Kim Weebecomes the fourth President of Singapore.
March 15- The Hotel New World collapses, killing 33 people.
May 21- 16 people were arrested during Operation Spectrumand detained under the Internal Security Act. Another six were arrested on June 20.
September 3- The PAP wins the 1988 General Election and group representation constituencies (GRC)s are introduced.
July 6- The East West Line of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) is completed.
November 22- Singapore Changi AirportTerminal 2 begins operation.
November 28- Goh Chok Tongbecomes the second Prime Minister of Singapore.
March 26- Four Pakistanis hijack Singapore Airlines Flight 117and demand the release of Pakistan Peoples Partymembers from Pakistani jails.
March 27- Members of the Singapore Special Operations Forcestorm into Singapore Airlines Flight 117, killing all hijackers and freeing all passengers and crew members.
September 1- Ong Teng Cheongbecomes the first directly-elected President.
May 5- American teenager Michael P. Fayis convicted and caned for vandalism.
* 1996 - The parliament passes the
Maintenance of Parentslaw, a private member's bill introduced by Woon Cheong Ming Walter.
December 19- Silkair Flight 185crashes into Musi River near Palembang, Sumatra, killing all 104 people onboard.
January 15- Singapore and United Statesannounces agreement for US ships to use a planned $35 million naval base from 2000.
* 1998 September - "The Singapore Story", the first volume of
Lee Kuan Yew's memoirs is published
* 1999 -
Sellapan Ramanathanbecomes the President of Singapore
* 1999 - Singapore slips into recession during the
Asian financial crisis.
September 1- Speaker's Corneris launched at Hong Lim Park
October 31- Singapore Airlines Flight 006crashes during take-off in Chiang Kai Shek International Airport, killing 83 people.
*2001–2003 - Economic recession in Singapore.
* 2001 January - A pipeline feeding gas to Singapore from
Indonesia's Natuna fieldin South China Seaopens.
November 3- The PAP wins 82 of 84 seats in the 2001 General Election.
December 9- 15 suspected militants of Jemaah Islamiahare arrested for alleged bomb plot.
December 27- Typhoon Vamei, a rare typhoon that occurs only once in 100 to 400 years, hits Singapore.
January 13- Singapore and Japansign the Japan-Singapore Economic Agreement.
* 2003 April -
SARSvirus outbreak in Singapore and other parts of Asia.
May 6- Singapore and United Statessign the United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement(USS-FTA).
October 29- A major research center Biopolisopens.
April 20- A section of Nicoll Highway collapses, killing 4 people.
* 2004 -
National Servicewas reduced from two and half years to two years.
August 12- Lee Hsien Loongbecomes the third Prime Minister.
January 15- Singapore and Malaysiasettle dispute over land reclamation work.
April 18- Singapore governmentapproves plan to legalise casinogambling and build two Integrated Resorts.
July 8- In the aftermath of the 7 July 2005London bombings, Transport Minister Yeo Cheow Tongannounces plan to set up a new Police MRT Unitto enhance the security of Singapore's public transport. [http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/157138/1/.html (CNA)]
August 17- S R Nathanreturns for his second term as President, following a walkover in the Singapore presidential election, 2005.
August 27- White Elephant Incident at Buangkok MRT Station.
May 6- The PAP, led by Lee Hsien Loong, wins 82 of 84 seats in the 2006 General Election.
January 9- Singapore Changi Airportopens its third passenger terminal.
March 21- Jemiah Islamiah terrorist head Mas Selamat bin Kastari escapes from prison. He still cannot be found. If you see him, please take note of the time, the direction he was going and all other important information and call the police IMMEDIATELY at 999 and tell the person in charge all the information.
List of years in Singapore
* [http://www.rgs.edu.sg/aec/timeline.html Timeline of Singapore's History] , compiled by students of
Raffles Girls' School.
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