Khwaja Ahmad Abbas


Khwaja Ahmad Abbas

Infobox actor
bgcolour = silver
name = Khwaja Ahmad Abbas / K. A. Abbas


imagesize =
caption =
birthname = Khwaja Ahmad Abbas
birthdate = June 7, 1914
location = Panipat, Haryana, British India
occupation = Film director, Screenwriter, Novelist, Journalist
deathdate = June 1, 1987
deathplace = Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
yearsactive = 1939-1987
awards = National Film Award for Best Film - 1964: "Shehar Aur Sapna "
Padma Shri - 1969

Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (Hindi: ख़्वाजा अहमद अब्बास) (June 7, 1914–June 1, 1987), popularly known as K. A. Abbas, was an Indian film director, novelist, screenwriter, and a journalist in the Urdu, Hindi and English languages. He was the maker of important Hindi films like, "Saat Hindustani", "Shehar Aur Sapna" and the screenwriter for the best of Raj Kapoor films.

Khwaja Ahmad Abbas is considered one of pioneers of Indian parallel or neo-realistic cinema, having penned films like Neecha Nagar, Jagte Raho, Dharti Ke Lal, Awara, Saat Hindustani and Naya Sansar. [http://www.filmreference.com/Writers-and-Production-Artists-A-Ba/Abbas-K-A.html K. A. Abbas - Films as writer:, Films as director: ] ]

He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1969.

Biography

Early life

Khwaja Ahmad Abbas was born in Panipat, Punjab, British India (now Haryana, India). He was born in the home of celebrated Urdu poet, 'Khwaja Altaf Husain Hali', a student of Mirza Ghalib. His grandfather Khwaja Gulam Abbas was one of the chief rebels of the 1857 Rebellion movement, and the first martyr of Panipat to be blown from the mouth of a cannon.

Abbas's father Ghulam-Us-Sibtain graduated from Aligarh Muslim University, was a tutor of a prince and a prosperous businessman, who modernised the preparation of Unani medicines. Abbas's mother, 'Masroor Khatoon', was the daughter of Sajjad Husain, an enlightened educationist.

Abbas took his early education in 'Hali Muslim High School', which was established by his great grand father Hali.

He had his early education till 7th in Panipat. He was instructed to read the Arabic text of the Quran and his childhood dreams swung at the compulsive behest of his father. Abbas completed his matriculation at the age of fifteen. He did his B.A. with English literature in 1933 and LL.B. in 1935 from Aligarh Muslim University.

Career

Abbas began his career as a journalist, when he joined 'National Call', a New Delhi based paper after his finishing his B.A.. Later while studying law in 1934, started 'Aligarh Opinion', India's first university students' weekly during the pre-independence period.

After completing his education at Aligarh Muslim University, Abbas joined the "Bombay Chronicle". He occasionally served a film critic, but after the film critic of the paper died, he was made the editor of the film section.

He entered films as a part time publicist for Bombay Talkies in 1936 to whom he sold his first screenplay 'Naya Sansar (1941)'. [ [http://www.a2zpeople.com/about.asp?nm=Abbas,%20Khwaja%20Ahmad Portail d'informations Ce site est en vente! ] ]

While at the "Bombay Chronicle", (1935-1947), he started a weekly column called 'Last Page', which he continued when he joined the Blitz magazine. "The Last Page", (‘Azad Kalam’ in the Urdu edition), thus became the longest-running political column in India's history (1941-86). [ [http://www.legacy-project.org/index.php?page=lit_library The Legacy Project - View Entire Literary Sampler ] ] A collection of these columns was later published as two books. He continued to write for The Blitz and Mirror till his last days.

Meanwhile he had started writing scripts for other directors, "Neecha Nagar" for Chetan Anand and "Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani" for V. Shantaram.

In 1945, he made his directorial debut with a film based on the Bengal famine of 1943, "Dharti Ke Lal" ("Children of the Earth") for the Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA).

In 1951, he founded his own production company called Naya Sansar, which consistently produced films that were socially relevant including, "Anhonee", "Munna" and the National Film Award winner, "Shehar Aur Sapna" in 1964.

A prolific writer, and novelist, during his illustrious career spanning five decades, Abbas wrote over 73 books in English, Hindi and Urdu. [ [http://www.dawn.com/weekly/books/archive/021013/books6.htm AUTHOR: Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (1914-87): Communicator of repute -DAWN - Books and Authors; October 13, 2002 ] ] Abbas was considered a leading light of the Urdu short story. [ [http://motso.wordpress.com/ Indian Scripts ] ] His best known fictional work remains 'Inquilab', based Communal violence, which made him a household name in Indian literature. [ [http://india-today.com/itoday/20010416/books.shtml India Today Magazine ] ] Like Inquilab, many of his works were translated into many Indian, and foreign languages, like Russian, German, Italian, French and Arabic.

Abbas interviewed several renowned personalities in literary and non-literary fields, including the Russian Prime Minister Khrushchov, American President Roosevelt, Charlie Chaplin, Mao-Tse-Tung and Yuri Gagarin.

He went on to write scripts for Jagte Raho, and most of prominent Raj Kapoor films including "Awaara, Shri 420, Mera Naam Joker, Bobby" and "Henna".

His autobiography, "I Am not an Island: An Experiment in Autobiography", was published in 1977.

Awards

Films

He received the 1963 President's Gold Medal for "Shehar Aur Sapna" which also won the 1964 National Film Award for Best Film.

In 1967, he introduced Amitabh Bachchan in "Saat Hindustani". In 1969, his film "Do Boond Paani" received 1972 Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration.

He penned the 1946 film Neecha Nagar which became the first and only Indian film to win a Palme d'Or or Golden palm at the Cannes Film Festival. He was nominated for Golden Palm for his film "Pardesi", at the Cannes Film Festival. [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0007815/awards] IMBD Awards] He was a member of the jury at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1966.

Maharashtra State Award for his film "Fakira" in 1964; Gold Award for direction for the "The Naxalites" in 1980, and International Film Festival Awards held in Santa Barbara (USA),for 'Hamara Ghar' in 1965. [ [http://www.ourkarnataka.com/Articles/mathapati/abbas_mathapati.htm Abba Mahapati] ]

Literary

Haryana State Robe of Honour for literary achievements in 1969, the prestigious Ghalib Award for his contribution to Urdu prose literature in 1983 [ [http://www.ghalibinstitute.com/awards.htm Ghalib Award] ]

Vorosky Literary Award of the Soviet Union in 1984, Urdu Akademi Delhi Special Award 1984, Maharashtra State Urdu Akademi Award in 1985 and the Soviet Award for his contribution to the cause of Indo-Soviet Friendship in 1985.

Filmography

* Naya Sansar (1941) – Screenplay, Story
* Neecha Nagar (1946) - Screenwriter
* Dharti Ke Lal (1946) - Screenwriter, Director, Producer
* Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946) – Screenwriter, Story
* Aaj Aur Kal (1947) - Director
* Awara (1951) - Screenwriter, Dialogue
* Anhonee (1952) - Screenwriter, Dialogue, Story, Director, Producer
* Rahi 1953 - Director
* Naghma (1953) – Director
* Munna (1954) – Screenwriter, Director, Producer
* Darwaza (1954) - Director
* Baradari (1955)
* Jawab (1955) - Director
* Sabse Bada Rupaiya (1955)
* Shahzada (1955)
* Shree 420 (1955) – Screenwriter, Dialogue, Story
* Jagte Raho (1956) - Screenwriter
* Jallad (1956) -
* Bada Bhai (1957) –
* Pardesi – Screenwriter, Director
* Mehfil (1957) - Director
* Hathkadi (1958) - Director
* Zindagi Ya Toofan (1958)
* Chaar Dil Chaar Rahen (1959) – Screenwriter, Dialogue, Director
* Zara Bachke (1959) – Director
* Eid Mubarak (1960) Documentary / Short - Director
* Qatil (1960) – Director
* Gir Game Sanctuary (1961) Documentary - Director
* Flight to Assam (1961) - Director
* Pyar Ki Dastan(1961) – Director
* Gyarah Hazaar Ladkiyan (1962) - Director
* Roop Lekha (1962) - Director
* Maya Mahal (1963) - Director
* Teen Gharaney (1963) - Director
* Shehar Aur Sapna (1964) – Director, Screenwriter
* Hamara Ghar (1964) - Director
* Tomorrow Shall Be Better (1965) - Director
* Aasman Mahal (1966) – Director
* Dharti Ki Pukaar (1967) Short Film - Director
* Char Shaher Ek Kahani (1968) Documentary - Director
* Bombai Raat Ke Bahon Mein (1968) - Producer
* Saat Hindustani (1970) – Director, Producer
* Mera Naam Joker (1970) – Screenwriter, Story
* Do Boond Pani 1972 - Director
* Bharat Darshan (1972) Documentary - Director
* Bobby (1973) – Screenwriter, Story
* Kal Ki Baat (1973) Short Film - Director
* Achanak (1973) - Screenwriter
* Juhu (1973) (TV) - Director
* Faasla or Faslah (1974) – Director, Producer
* Papa Miya of Aligarh (1975) Documentary - Director
* Phir Bolo Aaye Sant Kabir (1976) Documentary - Director
* Dr. Iqbal (1978) - Documentary - Director
* The Naxalites (1980) – Screenwriter, Director
* Hindustan Hamara (1983) Documentary / Short - Director
* Love in Goa (1983) - Screenwriter
* Nanga Fakir (1984) (TV) - Director
* Ek Aadmi (1988) - Director
* Akanksha (1989) (TV) – Dialogue, Screenplay
* Heena (1991) – Story

Books

* "Outside India: The Adventures of a Roving Reporter", Hali Pub. House, Delhi, 1939.
* "An Indian looks at America" (The Rampart library of good reading), 1943.
* "An Indian looks at America", Thacker, Bombay, 1943.
* "Tomorrow is ours! A novel of the India of Today"; Bombay, Popular Book Depot, 1943.
* "Let India fight for freedom", Bombay, "Sound" magazine (Publication dept.), 1943.
* "Defeat for death: A story without names", Padmaja Publications 1944.
* "...and One Did Not Come Back!", "Sound" magazine, 1944
* "A report to Gandhiji: A survey of Indian and world events during the 21 months of Gandhiji's incarceration", 1944
* "Invitation to Immortality": a one-act play, Bombay: Padma Pub., 1944.
* "Not all Lies". Delhi: Rajkamal Pub., 1945.
* "Blood and stones and other stories". Bombay: Hind Kitabs, 1947
* "Rice and other stories", Kutub, 1947
* "Kashmir fights for freedom", 1948
* "I Write as I Feel", Hind Kitabs, Bombay, 1948
* "Cages of freedom and other stories", Bombay, Hind Kitabs Ltd., 1952.
* "China can make it: Eye-witness account of the amazing industrial progress in new China", 1952.
* "In the Image of Mao Tse-Tung", Peoples Publishing House, 1953
* "INQILAB. First Great Novel of the Indian Revolution", Jaico Publishing House, 1958
* "Face To Face with Khrushchov", Rajpal & Sons, 1960
* "Till We Reach the Stars. The Story of Yuri Gagarin", Asia Pub. House, l961
* "The Black sun and Other stories", Jaico Pub. House, 1963.
* "Raat ki bahon mein", Hindi, Radhakr̥ishṇa Prakashan, 1965.
* "Indira Gandhi; return of the red rose", Hind Pocket Books, New Delhi, 1966.
* "Divided heart", Paradise Publications, 1968
* "When Night Falls", 1968.
* "Chabili", Hindi, Allahabad, Mitra Prakashan, 1968.
* "The most beautiful woman in the world", Paradise Publications, 1968
* "Salma aur Samundar", Urdu/Hindi, New Delhi, Komala Pocket Books, 1969.
* "Mera Naam Joker", 1970
* "Maria", Delhi, Hind Pocket Books, 1971.
* "Teen Pahiye", Urdu/Hindi, Delhi, Rajpal & Sons, 1971.
* "Bobby", Urdu/Hindi, 1973
* "Boy meets Girl", Sterling Publishers, 1973
* "That Woman: Her Seven Years in Power"; New Delhi, Indian Book Co., 1973
* "Jawaharlal Nehru: Portrait of an integrated Indian"; New Delhi, NCERT, 1974.
* "Fasilah", Urud/Hindi, Hind Pocket Books, Delhi, 1974
* "Distant dream, New Delhi", Sterling Pub., 1975.
* "The walls of glass": A novel, 1977
* "Barrister-at-law: A play about the early life of Mahatma Gandhi", New Delhi, Orient Paperbacks, 1977.
* "Men and women: Specially selected long and short stories", 1977
* "Mad, mad, mad world of Indian films", 1977
* "I Am not an Island: An Experiment in Autobiography", New Delhi, 1977.
* "Four Friends", Arnold-Heinemann, New Delhi, 1977.
* "20th March 1977: a day like any other day", Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, 1978.
* "Janata in a jam?", 1978.
* "The Naxalites", Lok Publications, 1979.
* "Bread, beauty, and revolution: being a chronological selection from the Last pages, 1947 to 1981", Marwah Publications, New Delhi, 1982.
* "Nili Sari aur Doosri Kahaniyan̲", Urdu, Maktabah-e-Jamia, New Delhi, 1982.
* "The gun and other stories", Arnold-Heinemann, New Delhi, 1985.
* "The Thirteenth Victim," Amar Prakashan, 1986.
* "The World Is My Village: A Novel With An Index, Ajanta, 1984. ISBN 8120201043
* "Bombay My Bombay: A Love Story of the City", Ajanta Publications/Ajanta Books International, 1987. ISBN 8120201744
* "Indira Gandhi: The Last Post"; Bombay, Ramdas G. Bhatkal, 1989
* "Defeat for death: a story without names". Baroda: Padmaja Pub., 1994
* "How Films Are Made", National Book Trust, 1999, ISBN 8123711034
* "Soney Chandi ke Butt", Urdu, Alhamra, 2001, ISBN 969-516-074-3

"For detailed listing" : [ [http://www.worldcatlibraries.org/search?q=au%3AKhwaja+Ahmad+Abbas&sd=desc&fq=ap%3AKhwaja+Ahmad+Abbas&qt=facet_ap%3A] , ] [ [http://www.lib.washington.edu/subject/SouthAsia/guides/pre1947.html South Asian literature in English, Pre-independence era ] ]

Books on Khwaja Ahmad Abbas

* Ahmad Hasib - "The Novels of Khwaja Ahmad Abbas", Seema. 1987
* Hemendra Singh Chandalia - "Ethos of Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, novelist, film-maker, and journalist: A study in social realism", Bohra Prakashan (1996)
* Raj Narain Raz - "Khawaja Ahmed Abbas-Ifkar". Guftar, Kirdar, Haryana Urdu Akademi [http://haryanaurdu.nic.in/publication2.htm]
* Vasudev and Lenglet, eds., "Indian Cinema Super-bazaar", Vikas, New Delhi, 1978.

Articles on Khwaja Ahmad Abbas

* Dr. R.G. Mathapati, [http://www.ourkarnataka.com/Articles/mathapati/abbas_mathapati.htm "Abbas: An Island"]
* "Indian Film Culture" (New Delhi), no. 4, September 1964.
* "Film World", vol. 1, no. 10, October 1978.
* Ghish, S., [http://www.filmreference.com/Writers-and-Production-Artists-A-Ba/Abbas-K-A.html "K. A. Abbas: A Man in Tune with History"] , "Screen" (Bombay), 19 June 1987.
* [http://www.ejumpcut.org/archive/onlinessays/JC33folder/KAAbbas.html Obituary] in "Jump Cut" (Berkeley, California), no. 33, February 1988.
* [http://www.dawn.com/weekly/books/archive/021013/books6.htmAnwar Abbas, Communicator of repute] , "The Dawn", October 13, 2002.
* Shoba S. Rajgopal, [http://bad.eserver.org/issues/2004/71/rajgopal.html The Legacy of Ajitha]
* [http://www.indianetzone.com/2/bollywood_writers.htm Bollywood Film Script Writers]
* "Ismat Chughtai", "Bachu", Urdu
* V. P. Sathe, "K.A. Abbas, The Crusader", "Filmfare", June 16-30, 1987

References

* S. Ghosh, "K. A. Abbas: A Man in Tune with History", "Screen" (Bombay), June 19, 1987, p. 14.
* "Dictionary of Films" (Berkeley: U. of CA Press, 1977), p. 84.
* Shyamala A. Narayan, "The Journal of Commonwealth Literature", 1 1976; vol. 11: pp. 82 - 94.
* Ravi Nandan Sinha, "Essays on Indian Literature in English". Jaipur, Book Enclave, 2002, ch. 7.

ee also

* IPTA

External links

*imdb name|id=0007815|name=Khwaja Ahmad Abbas
* [http://www.filmreference.com/Writers-and-Production-Artists-A-Ba/Abbas-K-A.html K.A. Abbas at Film Reference]
* [http://www.dawn.com/weekly/books/archive/021013/books6.htm K.A. Abbas- The Dawn]
* [http://movies.nytimes.com/person/216460/Khwaja-Ahmad-Abbas/filmography Flimography - NY Times]
* [http://www.filmreference.com/Writers-and-Production-Artists-A-Ba/Abbas-K-A.html A Profile]
* [http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/fr/2006/06/30/stories/2006063001470300.htm A book dedicated to K A Abbas]


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  • Khwaja Ahmad Abbas — (meist nur K. A. Abbas; Hindi: ख्वाजा अहमद अब्बास, Khvājā Ahamad Abbās; * 7. Juni 1914 in Panipat, Punjab, Britisch Indien; † 1. Juni 1987 in Bombay, Maharashtra) war ein indischer Filmregisseur, Drehbuchautor und Journalist. Abbas entstammt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Khwaja Ahmad Abbas — est un réalisateur, scénariste et producteur indien né le 7 juin 1914 à Panipat, Inde et décédé le 1er juin 1987. Membre du jury au Festival de Berlin en 1966. Biographie Khwaja Ahmed Abbas est l un des premiers réalisateurs de son pays à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abbas I. — Abbas ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Abbas (* 1944), iranisch französischer Fotojournalist Abbas I. (1813–1854), Vizekönig von Ägypten, genannt „Hilmi“ Abbas I. (1571–1629), persischer Herrscher, genannt „der Große“ Abbas II. (1633–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas II. — Abbas ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Abbas (* 1944), iranisch französischer Fotojournalist Abbas I. (1813–1854), Vizekönig von Ägypten, genannt „Hilmi“ Abbas I. (1571–1629), persischer Herrscher, genannt „der Große“ Abbas II. (1633–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas (Familienname) — Abbas ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Abbas imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = region = origin = Arabic related names = Abbass footnotes = Abbas (or Abbass, ar. عباس ) means austere in Arabic. (Austere: (1) severely simple in… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbas — I Abbas,   islamischer Herrscher:    Ägypten:    1) Abbas I. Hịlmi, Pascha (1848 54), Enkel Mehmed Alis, * in Westarabien 1813, ✝ bei Benha (Ägypten) 13. 7. 1854; galt als grausam und unpopulär, setzte den Reformkurs seines Großvaters nicht fort …   Universal-Lexikon

  • K. A. Abbas — Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (meist nur K. A. Abbas; Hindi: ख्वाजा अहमद अब्बास, Khvājā Ahamad Abbās; * 7. Juni 1914 in Panipat, Punjab, Britisch Indien; † 1. Juni 1987 in Bombay, Maharashtra) war ein indischer Filmregisseur, Drehbuchautor und Journalist.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ghulam Ahmad Ashai — Khwaja Ghulam Ahmad Ashai (Arabic: غولم أحمد أشي) was one of the pioneer leaders of Kashmir’s political resistance to the monarchy of Maharaja Hari Singh, and also one of the founding fathers of the University of Kashmir. Ashai was born in a… …   Wikipedia

  • Аббас, Хваджа — Ходжа Ахмад Аббас (Khwaja Ahmad Abbas; обычно известен как K. A. Abbas; 7 июня 1914, г. Панипат 31 мая 1987, Бомбей (ныне Мумбаи)) индийский писатель, продюсер, сценарист, кинорежиссёр и журналист. Создатель таких известных индийских фильмов как… …   Википедия