- Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church
The Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church ( _pt. Igreja Lusitana Católica Apostólica Evangélica) is the Anglican church in
The establishment of a constitutional monarchy in
1834granted limited religious toleration to non- Roman Catholics, and consequently led to the opening of an Anglican chapel in Lisbon. A second chapel was opened in 1868.
The Anglican mission coincided with the growing influence of the
Old Catholicmovement in Portugal. Congregations were created from Catholic priests and laypeoplewho refused to accept the dogmas of the infallibilityand universal ordinary jurisdictionof the Pope, as defined by the First Vatican Councilin 1870.
The Lusitanian Church was formed in
1880as representatives of these congregations met at a synod presided over by H.C. Riley, bishop of the newly formed mission in Mexico. The synod resulted in a constitution and a decision to abide by the doctrinal and liturgical standards of the Anglican Communion. In 1884, a Portuguese Book of Common Prayerwas created, incorporating elements of Anglican, Roman, and Mozarabic liturgies.
From the beginning the church was assisted by a Council of Bishops presided over by Lord Plunket, at that time Church of Ireland Bishop of Meath, and years afterwards there were some American Episcopal Bishops who provided Episcopal ministrations and pastoral care, particularly Bishops in Charge of the
Convocation of American Churches in Europe, until the consecration of the first Lusitanian Bishop in 1958.
Under the terms of the Bonn Agreement, the Lusitanian Church established full communion with various branches of the Anglican and Old Catholic Communions. Full integration into the
Anglican Communionoccurred in 1980when the Church became an extraprovincial diocese under the metropolitical authority of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Today the Lusitanian Church is a
diocesewith 15 parishes and missions.
* [http://www.igreja-lusitana.org/ Official Web site in Portuguese]
* [http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bcp/Portugal/index.htm Liturgia da Igreja Lusitana (1991)]
* [http://anglicanhistory.org/ireland/plunket/movements1885.html Reformation Movements in Foreign Churches (with Special Reference to Spain and Portugal), by William Conyngham Plunket (1885)]
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