- Nikon D700
Nikon D700 Type Single-lens reflex Sensor 36 mm × 23.9 mm CMOS Maximum resolution 4,256 × 2,832 (12.1 million) Lens Interchangeable, Nikon F mount Flash Manual pop-up with button release Guide number 12/39 (ISO 100, m/ft) Shutter Electronically controlled focal-plane Shutter speed range 1/8000 to 30 sec, bulb, X-sync at 1/250 sec. Exposure metering TTL 3D Color Matrix Metering II with a 1005 pixel RGB sensor Metering modes Matrix metering, center-weighted metering, spot metering Focus areas 51 AF points (15 cross-type) Focus modes Single-servo (AF-S); Continuous-servo (AF-C); Manual (M) Continuous shooting Approx. 5.0 frame/s, 8.0 frame/s w/battery grip Viewfinder Optical pentaprism, 95% coverage ASA/ISO range 200–6400, extended mode to 100–12800, HI2 mode 25600 Flash bracketing -3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3 or 1/2 EV Rear LCD monitor 3.0 inch, VGA resolution, 307,200 pixels (921,600 dots) Storage CompactFlash (Type I only) Battery Nikon EN-EL3e Rechargeable Lithium-Ion battery Weight 995 g (35.1 oz), body only Made in Japan
The Nikon D700 is a professional grade full-frame digital single-lens reflex camera introduced by the Nikon Corporation in July 2008 and manufactured in Japan. It uses the same 12.1 megapixel "FX" CMOS image sensor as the Nikon D3, and is Nikon's second full-frame digital SLR camera. Initial MSRP in the United States was $2,999.95, though prices have fallen significantly since then.
The D700's full-frame sensor allows the use of non-DX F-mount lenses to their fullest advantage, with no crop factor. When a DX lens is mounted on the D700, either the DX-sized portion, or the (vignetted) FX-sized portion of the camera's sensor can be used. The D700 has a built in autofocus motor for all Nikon autofocus-lenses, includes CPU and metering for older Nikon F-mount AI/AI-S lenses,  and supports PC-E lenses. The D700 bears a physical similarity to the Nikon D300, which uses the same MB-D10 battery pack and EN-EL3e battery. As of 2009, the Nikon D3X, the D3/D3s and D700 are the only Nikon DSLR models that are manufactured in Japan.
- Nikon's 12.1 megapixel FX-format (23.9 mm × 36 mm) CMOS sensor
- Nikon's EXPEED image processor
- Two Live View shooting mode (hand-held and tripod modes)
- Continuous Drive up to 5 frames per second (8 frames per second with the optional MB-D10 Multi-power Battery Pack)
- Nikon's Scene Recognition System, utilizing the 1,005-pixel RGB sensor
- 3D Color Matrix Metering II
- Approx. 95% Viewfinder Frame Coverage, 0.72× Viewfinder Magnification
- Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module featuring 51 AF points with 3D Focus Tracking
- Electronic rangefinder function compatible with manual focus AI/AIs lenses using any of the 51 AF points
- Active D-Lighting (3 levels: Low, Normal, High or Auto)
- Automatic correction of lateral chromatic aberration for JPEGs; correction data is additionally stored in RAW-files and used by Nikon Capture, View NX and some other RAW tools
- Vignetting ("Vignette control") and lens distortion ("Distortion") correction as well as image rotation ("Straighten") via playback ("Retouch") menu
- 3-inch LCD with 921,600-dot (VGA) resolution and a 170° ultra-wide viewing angle
- ISO sensitivity 200–6400 (100–25600 with boost)
- Auto-ISO function which can be capped with a maximum shutter time and maximum ISO value
- Magnesium alloy weather sealed body for dust and moisture protection
- Nikon F-mount lenses
- 9 Lens presets per user profile to improve program functions for non-CPU lenses and to include EXIF information
- Aperture sensing ring on the body for readout of AI/AIs manual focus lens aperture settings
- Built-in Sensor cleaning system
- Built-in flash with 24 mm lens coverage and Nikon’s i-TTL flash control; the guide number is 12m at ISO 100
- Support for the Wireless Transmitter WT-4/4A
- File formats include: JPEG, TIFF (RGB), NEF (Nikon's raw image format compressed and uncompressed)
- HDMI HD video output
- Approx. mass 995 g (2.19 lb)
- EN-EL3e Lithium-ion Battery (same as D80, D90, D200, D300, D300S), Battery Life (shots per charge): 1000 shots (CIPA)
- Optional Multi-Power Battery Pack MB-D10 (same as D300 & D300S)
- GPS interface for direct geotagging
The Nikon D700 has been tested by many independent reviewers and has generally received high marks. It achieved a top ranking in the DxOmark Sensor ranking and is currently ranked ninth behind the Nikon D3, Nikon D3S, Nikon D3X, four medium format cameras and the APS-C sized Pentax K-5.
The camera received several awards, including a Digital Photography Review "Highly Recommended" award.
35mm format lenses can be used to their full advantage on full-frame DSLRs.
- ^ Google product search: Nikon D700
- ^ Rockwell, Ken. "Nikon Lens Compatibility". Kenrockwell.com. http://www.kenrockwell.com/nikon/compatibility-lens.htm. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- ^ Rockwell, Ken (April 2008). "Nikon 24mm PC-E Compatibility". Kenrockwell.com. http://www.kenrockwell.com/nikon/24mm-pc-e-compatibility.htm. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- ^ "Nikon D700 – Digital Camera Reviews". Digital Camera Tracker. September 22, 2009. http://www.digitalcameratracker.com/nikon-d700-reviews-sample-photos/. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- ^ "Nikon D700". Dcviews. http://www.dcviews.com/_nikon/d700.htm. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- ^ Burian, Peter K. (May 5, 2009). "NIKON D700 Review: Field Test Report". Photocrati. http://www.photocrati.com/nikon-d700-review-field-test-report/. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- ^ "Camera Ratings". DXO Mark. http://www.dxomark.com/index.php/Cameras/Camera-Sensor-Ratings. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- ^ http://www.dpreview.com/reviews/nikond700/page32.asp Digital Photography Review "Highly Recommended"
- Nikon D700 – Nikon global website
- Nikon D700 – Nikon USA website
- Nikon D700 Sample Photos at Pbase.com
- Nikon D700 Review at Digital Photography Review
- Nikon D700 announcement from Nikon
Nikon Digital SLR timeline (comparison) 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Professional Flagship D1 D1X D2X D2Xs D3X D1H D2H D2Hs D3 Compact D700 D100 D200 D300 Consumer Advanced D70 D70s D80 D90 Mid-range D50 D40X D60 D5000 Entry-level D40 D3000 Early models Nikon Still Video Camera (Prototype, 1986) · Nikon QV-1000C (1988) · Nikon NASA F4 (1991)
Nikon E2/E2S (1995) · Nikon E2N/E2NS (1996) · Nikon E3/E3S (1998)
Full-frame DSLR cameras PentaxMZ-D (Prototype, 2000) ContaxN Digital (2002) Kodak CanonFlagshipHigh-end NikonFlagshipHigh-endD700 (2008) SonyFlagshipα 900 (2008)High-endα 850 (2009)
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