- William Barclay (jurist)
William Barclay (1546 - 1608) was a Scottish
He was born in Aberdeenshire in 1546. Educated at the
University of Aberdeen, he went to Francein 1573, and studied law at the University of Bourges, where he took his doctor's degree. Charles III, Duke of Lorraine, appointed him professor of civil law in the newly-founded university of Pont-à-Mousson, and also made him Counsellor of Stateand master of requests. In 1603, however, he was obliged to leave France, having incurred the enmity of the Jesuits, through his opposition to their proposal to admit his son John a member of their society.
England, he was offered considerable preferment by James VI on condition of becoming a member of the Church of England. This offer he refused, and he returned to France in 1604, when he was appointed professor of civil law in the university of Angers. He died at Angersin 1608.
His principal works were "De Regno el Regali Potestate",(1600), a strenuous defence of the rights of kings, in which he refutes the doctrines of those he coins
monarchomachs: George Buchanan, “Junius Brutus” ( Hubert Languetor Philippe de Mornay) and Jean Boucher; and "De Potestate Papae", (1609), in opposition to the usurpation of temporal powers by the pope, which called forth the celebrated reply of Cardinal Bellarmine; also commentaries on some of the titles of the " Pandects".
*"William Barclay, Professor of Law at Pont-a-Mousson and Angers" by Andrew F Stewart in Stair Society Miscellany V, ed H L MacQueen, Edinburgh 2006 ISBN 1-872517-18-8
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