Fort Colville


Fort Colville

Infobox generic
color = khaki
name = Fort Colville
sub0 = Fur Trade Outpost
img1 = PaulKane-BushCamp-ROM.jpg
width1 = 250px
cap1 = Indian camp at Fort Colville by Paul Kane.
lbl1 = Constructed:
row1 = 1825
lbl2 = Company built:
row2 = Hudson's Bay Company
lbl3 = Location:
row3 = Colville, Washington
lbl4 = Continent:
row4 = North America
lbl5 = Later Ownership:
row5 = none
lbl6 = Abandoned:
row6 = 1870

The trade center Fort Colville, also Fort Colvile) was built by the Hudson's Bay Company at Kettle Falls on the Columbia River, a few miles west of the present site of Colville, Washington in 1825, to replace Spokane House as a regional trading centre, as the latter was deemed to be too far from the Columbia River. [ [http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5101 "John Jacob Astor's Pacific Fur Company establishes Fort Spokane in 1812" HistoryLink.org Essay 5101] ] It was named for Andrew Colville, a London governor of the Hudson's Bay Company. Part of the Columbia fur district of that company, Fort Colville was considered second in importance only to Fort Vancouver, near the mouth of the Columbia. After the Oregon Treaty of 1846 placed Fort Colville south of the new boundary, the company founded Fort Shepherd, just north of the boundary, as a surrogate location secure on British territory, though operations at Fort Colville continued. During the gold rushes of the 1850s and 1860s it became an important centre for mining activity and supplies. Abandoned in 1870, some buildings stood until they burned in 1910. The construction of Grand Coulee Dam flooded the site along with Kettle Falls in 1940. Lake Roosevelt was drawn down for construction of Grand Coulee Dam's Powerhouse #3 in the late 1960's and early 70's, revealing the Falls and the site of old Fort Colville, where archeological work was performed by Washington State University and the University of Idaho.

ee also

*Colville Indian Reservation

References

* [http://www.colville.wa.us/history.htm Fort Colville history]
* [http://home.bendcable.com/wulf/Project/Oregon%20Territory/Colvile/ColvileApril1830.html Fort Colville Journal 1830-31]


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