Karl Marthinsen


Karl Marthinsen

Karl Alfred Nicolai Marthinsen (sometimes spelled Karl "Martinsen") (born October 25, 1896 in Karlsøy in Troms – died February 8, 1945 in Oslo) was the Norwegian commander of Statspolitiet and Sikkerhetspolitiet in Norway during the Nazi occupation during World War II.

Biography

Marthinsen enlisted in the Norwegian Army toward the end of World War I and finished his training as a non-commissioned officer in 1918 and was promoted to sergeant in 1919. After his military service, he most likely served as a sailor until 1928, when he re-enlisted in the army. He was assigned to duties in the border regions between Norway and the Soviet Union and was an intelligence officer in Finnmark during the Winter War, monitoring suspected Communist sympathizers. [cite news |first= Cato |last= Guhnfeldt|authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= Skuddene som kostet 28 livet |url=http://www.aftenposten.no/fakta/innsikt/article964890.ece |format= |work= |publisher= Aftenposten |location= Oslo|id= |pages= |page= |date= 2005-02-05 |accessdate=2008-06-30 |language= Norwegian |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= ]

Marthinsen joined Nasjonal Samling as one of its first members, in 1933. After Nazi Germany had invaded and occupied Norway in April, 1940, Police minister under the puppet Quisling regime, Jonas Lie appointed Marthinsen to command the newly formed Utrykningspolitiet, which was later renamed Sikkerhetspolitiet. He was made police general and became a key liaison between Norwegian police forces, the Quisling cabinet, and German Gestapo. He also became leader of the nationwide, paramilitary Hird organization.

Marthinsen quickly earned notoriety as the leader of the all-Norwegian police force. He played an instrumental role in implementing the Holocaust in Norway, resulting in the murder of more than 700 Jews and the brutal mistreatment of many more; he was also known to take a relaxed view of legal process, and tolerated if not encouraged torture among his forces. [cite web |url= http://www.norgeslexi.com/krigslex/m/m1.html#marthinsen-karl |title= Karl Marthinsen |accessdate= 2008-07-01 |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author= |last= Ringdal |first= Nils Johan |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= Norsk Krigsleksikon |pages= |language= Norwegian |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]

Death and reprisals

Marthinsen was assassinated by the Norwegian resistance group Milorg as part of Operation Buzzard, acting on orders from the government in exile. A team of trained gunmen waited for his car behind a woodpile near his home in Blindernveien 74 in Oslo. The car had just started to move when they opened fire with automatic weapons, instantly killing Marthinsen in the passenger seat and lightly injuring his driver. Documents disclosed after the war indicate that the political leadership ordered the assassination to prevent Marthinsen from carrying through his plans to enlist Norwegian paramilitary forces to violently subvert the expected capitulation of Nazi Germany in Norway.

Reichskommissar in Norway Josef Terboven convened the same day a meeting with both the Norwegian and German administration in occupied Norway, including SS commander Wilhelm Rediess, head of Sicherheitspolizei, Heinrich Fehlis, Vidkun Quisling, police minister Jonas Lie and minister of justice Sverre Riisnæs. Terboven argued that the assassination threatened the credibility of the Nazi regime and requested that 75 Norwegians be executed in retaliation. The Norwegian leaders objected but were overruled, but in subsequent discussions in the following day, the number was reduced to 34. A list of Norwegians was submitted, and those on the list were condemned.

Norwegian officers were coerced into carrying through the executions. Some accounts place Riisnæs at the executions visibly intoxicated, using his service pistol to participate in the execution. A press release announced that 34 were killed by firing squad, but it turned out that five individuals were kept in prison and discovered after the war [cite news |first= Lars-Erik |last=Vaale |authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= Skjebnesvanger likvidasjon |url=http://www.dagbladet.no/kultur/2006/02/11/457480.html |format= |work= |publisher= Dagbladet |location= Oslo|id= |pages= |page= |date= 2006-02-11 |accessdate=2008-06-30 |language= Norwegian |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= . This brings the number of dead to 29, which is consistent with the numbers in Norsk Krigsleksikon; Aftenposten reports the number as 28.] .

The extent and severity of the reprisals shocked the Norwegian population and government-in-exile, resulting in a general moratorium against targeted killings of high-ranking Nazi officials.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holocaust in Norway — In the middle of the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, there were 2,173 Jews in Norway. At least 775 of these were arrested, detained, and/or deported. 742 were murdered in the camps, 23 died as a result of extrajudicial execution, murder,… …   Wikipedia

  • Knut Rød — (30 June 1900 1986) was a Norwegian police officer responsible for the arrest, detention and transfer of Jewish men, women, and children to SS troops at Oslo harbor. For these and other actions related to the Holocaust in Norway, Rød was… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish deportees from Norway during World War II — See Shoah in Norway During the Nazi occupation of Norway, German authorities deported about 768 individuals of Jewish background to concentration camps outside of Norway. 28 of these survived. Because the Norwegian police and German authorities… …   Wikipedia

  • Gunnar Eilifsen — (* 12. September 1897 in Kristiansand, Vest Agder; † 16. August 1943) war ein höherer norwegischer Polizeibeamter und der erste Norweger, der auf Veranlassung der faschistischen Nasjonal Samling Regierung unter Vidkun Quisling 1943 zum Tode… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Staatspolizei — Der Begriff Staatspolizei bezeichnet im Allgemeinen die Polizei eines Staates. Im deutschsprachigen Raum wird mit diesem Begriff meist eine übergeordnete Polizeieinheit verbunden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Deutschland 2 USA 3 Österreich 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fortaleza de Akershus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La fortaleza de Akershus, con el castillo al centro, vista desde el Fiordo de Oslo. La fortaleza de Akershus es un complejo de edificaciones militares ubicado en Oslo, Noruega, situado estratégicamente junto al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Magnhild Meltveit Kleppa — Minister of Transport and Communications Incumbent Assumed office 20 October 2009 …   Wikipedia

  • Øystein Djupedal — on 17 October 2005 Minister of the Ministry of Education and Research In office …   Wikipedia

  • Ola Borten Moe — Minister of Petroleum and Energy Incumbent Assumed office 4 March 2011 Monarch …   Wikipedia

  • Dancing with the Stars — This article is about the television series. For the video game based on the American series, see Dancing with the Stars (video game). International versions of Dancing with the Stars Dancing with the Stars is the name of several international… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.