Portsmouth and Arundel Canal

Portsmouth and Arundel Canal

The Portsmouth and Arundel Canal was a canal in the south of England that ran between Portsmouth and Arundel. The plan for the canal was completed in 1815 and the Act of Parliament passed in 1817. Ted Cuthbert "Portsmouth's Lost Canal" Portsmouth: Environmental Education Project] At this stage costs were estimated at £119,000 rising to 125,452 in 1818. Construction started in 1818 and the canal was finished in 1823, at a cost of £170,000. The canal was made up of three sections: a pair of ship canals one on Portsea island and one to Chichester and a barge canal that ran from Ford on the Arun to Hunston where it joined the Chichester section of the canal.P.A.L Vine "Hampshire Waterways" page 109 ISBN 0-906520-84-3] . The Portsea section was connected to the rest via a 13 mile channel dredged through Chichester harbour, across the bottom of Thorney Island (original plan was to go around the top) and the top of Hayling Island and finally across Langstone harbour. In order to allow the passage of masted ships iron swing bridges were fitted to the Chichester and Portsea sections rather than the more typical hump back canal bridge. In order to facilitate the passage between the Chichester section and the Portsea section a steam vessel called the Ergemont was constructed with the plan to tow 40 ton barges in trains of six.

From day one, the canal was plagued with various problems and in 1827 the Portsea section of the canal had to be drained, due to complaints about salt water contamination in some of Portsmouth's wells. In 1845 parts of this section were sold off to the London and Brighton railway company with another section being sold to the company in 1851.

In 1830 tolls were reduced and for a while traffic picked up with cargos including 20 tons of marble from the Mediterranean for the King. The canal was also used to transport gold and silver for the Bank of England.F. D. Heneghan "The Chichester Canal" page 14] The canal was unable to compete with the sea routes and by 1832 the canal company was being forced to do the carrying itself. By 1847 the canal, with the exception of the Chichester arm, had ceased to be navigable.P.A.L. Vine "West Sussex waterways" ISBN 0-906520-24-X] Of the remaining Portsea Section the issue of maintaining the various bridges became an issue of concern until the company managed to buy itself out of the requirement to maintain them.The Chichester arm was transferred to the Chichester corporation in 1892, the same year in which the canal company was wound up (the winding up order having been applied for in 1888).

See also

*Canals of Great Britain
*Chichester Canal - Originally an arm of the Portsmouth and Arundel Canal now treated as a canal in its own right
*Wey and Arun Canal - the two canals together being intended to give secure inland waterway access between London and the naval base at Portsmouth.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wey and Arun Canal — What is now known as the Wey and Arun Canal runs 23 miles (37 km) through 26 locks from the River Wey at Shalford, Surrey to the River Arun at Pallingham. It comprises parts of two separate undertakings – the northern part of the Arun Navigation …   Wikipedia

  • Chichester Canal — A map of the planned route of the canal from 1815 Date of act 1819 Date of first use 1922 …   Wikipedia

  • London to Portsmouth canal — was a proposal for construction of a secure inland canal route from the capital London to the headquarters of the Royal Navy at Portsmouth. It would have allowed craft to move between the two without having to venture into the English Channel and …   Wikipedia

  • London and South Western Railway — The London and South Western Railway (L SWR) was a railway company in England from 1838 to 1922. Its network extended from London to Plymouth via Salisbury and Exeter, with branches to Ilfracombe and Padstow and via Southampton to Bournemouth and …   Wikipedia

  • Petworth Canal — The Petworth Canal was one of Britain s shorter lasting canals, opened in 1795 and dismantled in 1826. On completion of the Rother Navigation the Earl of Egremont used his estate workforce to build the 1¼ mile long canal from just upstream of the …   Wikipedia

  • List of historic buildings and architects of the United Kingdom — The Historic buildings of the United Kingdom date from the stone age to the twenty first century AD, and tell the story of the architecture of the United Kingdom.See also: List of British architects Pre Historic buildings structures Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Hampshire — For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). Hampshire Flag of Hampshire …   Wikipedia

  • River Arun — For other uses, see Arun River (disambiguation). Arun River Stopham Bridge near Pulborough …   Wikipedia

  • Yapton — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption= latitude= 50.81999 longitude= 0.61121 official name =Yapton population = shire district= Arun shire county= West Sussex region= South East England constituency westminster= Bognor… …   Wikipedia

  • Canals of the United Kingdom — The canals of the United Kingdom are a major part of the network of inland waterways in the United Kingdom. They have a colourful history, from use for irrigation and transport, to becoming the focus of the Industrial Revolution, to today s role… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.