- László Borsody
László Borsody was a legendary Hungarian fencing master who is acknowledged in Hungary as being one of the greatest fencing masters of all time, the primary creator of the modern Hungarian style of saber fencing that led Hungary to a half century of superiority and gold medals at the World Championships and Olympics, and the teacher of many excellent Hungarian fencing masters whose influence has been felt throughout the world.
He was born László Blum, but took on the name Borsody when he converted from Judaism to Catholicism and joined the army to pursue a military career . He became a captain and taught fenicing at the prestigious Wiener-Neustadt military academy. .
In the years between the World Wars, László Borsody, returning to earlier principles of Hungarian sabre fencing, developed a system of sabre play that depended upon the articulation of the wrist and fingers, and a defensive system that consisted of the parries of third, fourth, and fifth executed with the arm strongly bent to keep the advanced target well out of the antagonist's reach, as distinguished from the sabre defensive system of
Italo Santellicomprised of the three parries of second, first, and fifth, executed with the arm three quarters extended .
"In Borsody’s sabre technique, the cut was emphasized, and to counter this, he wanted the parries to be taken in close. Santelli, in contrast, took a greater interest in the point, and therefore stressed a defensive system that kept the parties at a distance, maintaining the point in a threatening position.” . The modern Hungarian saber style which led to so much success was modeled on Borsody's technique.
Seeking to establish and maintain superiority, Hungary established the prestigious Toldi Miklos Royal Hungarian Sports Institute fencing masters training academy, under the directorship of László Borsody during the 1930s. . Borsody was a strict disciplarian. He was revered because he was such a fine teacher turning out a long line of champion fencers. . He worked with fencers who had already completed their basic training, and although he would correct his student’s technical errors he was more interested in tactics and strategy, teaching his students how to observe their students on the piste and how to exploit their weaknesses. .
Julius Palffy-Alpar, in his book Masque and Sword, stated that Maestro Borsody's “ability to build an artistic compromise from the simplest movements, his personal philosophy, and his natural psychological approach caused him to admired by his students.” .
Maestro Borsody taught Olympic Saber Champions
György Piller, Pál Kovács, Imre Rajczy, and most of the best Hungarian fencing masters, including Csaba Elthes, Janos Kevey, Bela Bay, Ferenc Marki, Julius Palffy-Alpar, Nicholas Toth, and Bela Imregy..
A Tragic Ending
In 1941, Laszlo Borsody's life came to a tragic finish during World War II when he ended his life with a pistol shot rather than be subjected to the Nazi treatment accorded to Jews. He received a funeral with full military honors. .
*Cohen, Richard (2002). "By the Sword: A History of Gladiators, Musketeers, Samurai, Swashbucklers, and Olympic Champions." New York: The Modern Library. ISBN-10: 0330482297. .
*Eisen, George (1998). "Jewish History and the Ideology of Modern Sport: Approaches and Interpretations," Journal of Sport History, Volume 25, Number 3. .
*Gaugler, William M. (1998). "The History of Fencing: Foundations of Modern European Swordplay." Laureate Press. ISBN 98-67197. .
*Palffy-Alpar, Julius (1967). "Sword and Masque". Philadelphia: F.A. Davis. ISBN-10: 1299115934. .
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