Manitoba general election, 1932


Manitoba general election, 1932

Manitoba's general election of June 16, 1932 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada.

This was the second election in Manitoba where the single transferable ballot was used in all electoral divisions. Winnipeg elected ten members in this manner, while all other constituencies elected one member by instant runoff voting.

The election was called soon after the announcement of an alliance between the governing Progressive Party of John Bracken and the Liberal Party led by Murdoch Mackay. These parties were ideologically similar, and had a common interest in preventing the Conservative Party from coming to power. National Liberal leader William Lyon Mackenzie King supported this alliance, out of concern that a Conservative victory would strengthen the hand of Conservative Prime Minister Richard Bennett.

Bracken tried to bring the Conservatives into his coalition, but was rebuffed by Conservative leader Fawcett Taylor. Taylor's refusal to consider a consensus government was used against him in the campaign.

The election was also contested by the social democratic Independent Labour Party, under the leadership of John Queen. Though it was the second-largest party in the legislature after the 1920 election, Labour had slumped to only three seats in 1927 amid a general period of decline in the Canadian left. While the ILP was poised to improve its showing in the 1932 campaign, it was not a serious contender for government.

Some members of the provincial Liberal Party opposed the Liberal-Progressive alliance, and contested the election as "continuing Liberals". Their leader was David Campbell, the mayor of St. Boniface.

Leslie Morris and Jacob Penner of the Communist Party campaigned in the city of Winnipeg, and other Communist candidates ran in the outlying areas. As the Communist Party was under legal restrictions at the time, they ran as "United Front Workers" candidates. Former Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) George Armstrong ran as a candidate of the Socialist Party, and Jessie MacLennan campaigned as a labour candidate unaffiliated with the ILP.

The result was a resounding victory for the governing alliance, as Liberals, Progressives and their allies won 38 out of 55 seats. The Conservatives fell from fifteen seats to ten. Having lost his third consecutive election, Fawcett Taylor resigned as Conservative leader in 1933. The Independent Labour Party managed a modest recovery after its poor showing in 1927, increasing its caucus to five members. No other parties' candidates were elected, although two former Progressives were elected as independents. The Continuing Liberals fared especially poorly, and disappeared after the election.

Leslie Morris came 309 votes short of winning the tenth seat in Winnipeg. Had he won, he would have been the first Communist elected to a provincial legislature in Canada.

Contents

Results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1927 Elected Change # % % Change
     Liberal-Progressive
John Bracken
53 36 38 +2   39.6% -13.5%
     Conservative
Fawcett Taylor
49 15 10 -5   35.4% +8.2%
     Independent Labour
John Queen
15 3 5 +2   16.5% +6.0%
     Continuing Liberal
David Campbell
13 - 0 -   2.0% n/a
     United Front 4 0 0 -      
     Socialist 1 0 0 -      
     Independent 11 1 2 +1      
Total     55     100%  
Preceded by
1927 Manitoba election
List of Manitoba elections Succeeded by
1936 Manitoba election

See also

Results by electoral division

Arthur:

Assiniboia:

First Count

  • Ralph Webb (C) 2813
  • John McLean (ILP) 2349
  • John George Smith (LP) 1008

Smith was eliminated.

Second Count

  • Ralph Webb (C) 3015
  • John McLean (ILP) 2911

Beautiful Plains:

Birtle:

  • (x)John Pratt (Ind/P) 1954
  • William C. Wroth (C) 1315

Brandon City:

First Count

  • George Dinsdale (C) 2647
  • Harry Spafford (ILP) 1574
  • David E. Clement (LP/L) 1423
  • Harry William Cater (L) 893

Cater was eliminated. Clement was eliminated on the second count with 1555 votes.

Third Count

  • George Dinsdale (C) 3021
  • Harry Spafford (ILP) 2192

Carillon:

Cypress:

Dauphin:

First Count

  • Robert Hawkins (LP) 1668
  • Ernest N. McGirr (C) 1525
  • W.S. Wicks (ILP) 578

Wicks was eliminated.

Second Count

  • Robert Hawkins (LP) 1861
  • Ernest N. McGirr (C) 1595

Deloraine:

Dufferin:

  • (x)John Munn (LP/P) 2568
  • Arthur B. Roblin (C) 1966

Emerson:

First Count

  • (x)Robert Curran (LP) 1987
  • William Richard Johnston (C) 1742
  • William Kolodzinski (Ind Farmer-Labour) 559

Kolodzinski was eliminated.

Second Count

  • (x)Robert Curran (LP) 2028
  • William Richard Johnston (C) 1788

Ethelbert:

Fairford:

Fisher:

First Count

  • (x)Nicholas Bachynsky (LP/P) 845
  • W.N. Kolisnyk (United Front Workers) 364
  • W.E. Hodgins (C) 352
  • J.G. Hamilton (Ind LP) 195

Hamilton was eliminated. Note that one source lists Hamilton as a Continuing Liberal.

Second Count

  • (x)Nicholas Bachynsky (LP/P) 851
  • W.N. Kolisnyk (United Front Workers) 388
  • W.E. Hodgins (C) 388

Gilbert Plains:

Gimli:

First Count

Ewanchuk was eliminated. Kapusta was eliminated on the second count with 716 votes, and Thorvaldson was eliminated on the third count with 858 votes.

Fourth Count

  • Einar Jonasson (LP/L) 1704
  • (x)Ingimar Ingaldson (LP/P) 1410

Gladstone:

Glenwood:

Hamiota:

Iberville:

  • (x)Arthur R. Boivin (LP/Ind) 1488
  • R.R. Pattinson (C) 807
  • Laurier A. Regnier (L) 304

Kildonan and St. Andrews:

First Count

  • (x)James McLenaghen (C) 2564
  • W.H. Gibbs (LP/L) 2334
  • Charles H. Cook (ILP) 1313

Cook was eliminated.

Second Count

  • (x)James McLenaghen (C) 2664
  • W.H. Gibbs (LP/L) 2625

Killarney:

Lakeside:

Lansdowne:

  • (x)Donald McKenzie (LP) 2193
  • G.R.D. Lyon (C) 1095
  • R.C. Borton (Ind) 302
  • William C. Griggs (L) 189

La Verendrye:

First Count

Ramsay was eliminated.

Second Count

  • Philippe Adjutor Talbot (LP/P) 1627
  • R.J.E. Arpin (C) 1551

Manitou:

Minnedosa:

First Count

St. John was eliminated.

Second Count

  • (x)Earl Rutledge (C) 2432
  • Neil Cameron (LP) 2378

Morris:

Mountain:

Morden and Rhineland:

Norfolk:

Portage La Prairie:

  • (x)Fawcett Taylor (C) 2016
  • Ewan A. McPherson (LP/L) 1051

Roblin:

Rockwood:

First Count

  • (x)William McKinnell (LP/P) 2114
  • H.M. Hannesson (C) 1136
  • B.E. Lewis (Ind Farmer) 997

Lewis was eliminated.

Second Count

  • (x)William McKinnell (LP/P) 2667
  • H. Hannesson (C) 1250

Rupertsland (16 July):

First Count

  • Ewan McPherson (LP/L) 312
  • (x)Herbert G. Beresford (LP/P) 215
  • Capt. Evans Atkinson (Ind) 111

Atkinson was eliminated.

Second Count

  • Ewan McPherson (LP/L) 319
  • (x)Herbert G. Beresford (LP/P) 229

Russell:

St. Boniface:

First Count

Campbell was eliminated. Gagnon was eliminated after the second count with 3560 votes.

Third Count

  • Harold Lawrence (ILP) 4954
  • (x)Joseph Bernier (C) 4470

St. Clements:

First Count

Smith was eliminated. Dunn was eliminated after the second count with 1824 votes.

Second Count

  • (x)Robert Hoey (LP/P) 3655
  • R.J. Bate (C) 2285

St. George:

Ste. Rose:

Springfield:

First Count

Matheson was eliminated. McRury and Grant were eliminated after the second count with 1113 and 251 votes, respectively.

Third Count

  • Clifford Barclay (Ind/Farmer-Labour) 3192
  • (x)Murdoch Mackay (LP/L) 2540

Swan River:

First Count

  • George Renouf (C) 1698
  • Sam Einarson (Ind) 1279
  • Charles H. Goodman (LP) 1034

Goodman was eliminated.

Second Count

Turtle Mountain:

The Pas (deferred):

  • (x)John Bracken (LP/P) 1915
  • N.S. McDonald (ILP) 1072
  • H.F. Maulson (Ind C) 173

Virden:

  • (x)Robert Mooney (LP/P) 2101
  • J.H. Heenan (C) 1669
  • S.L. McBain (L) 249

Winnipeg (ten members):

First Count (quota: 7000 votes; Evans and Queen declared elected

  • Second Count: Evans surplus
  • Third Count: Queen surplus
  • Fourth count: Fulton and Gargan eliminated
  • Fifth count: Elcheshen eliminated (378 votes; Haig elected, 7019 votes)
  • Sixth count: Haig surplus
  • Seventh count: Keith eliminated (588 votes)
  • Eighth count: Cameron eliminated
  • Ninth count: Reid eliminated (812 votes)
  • Tenth count: Armstrong eliminated (880 votes)
  • Eleventh count: Brigden eliminated (1084 votes; Farmer elected, 7105 votes)
  • Twelfth count: Farmer surplus
  • Thirteenth count: Penner eliminated
  • Fourteenth count: Hermanson eliminated (1331 votes)
  • Fifteenth count: Anderson eliminated
  • Sixteenth count: Russell eliminated (1570 votes)
  • Seventeenth count: MacLennan eliminated (2082 votes; Major elected, 7044 votes)
  • Eighteenth count: Major surplus
  • Nineteenth count: Montgomery eliminated (2177 votes)
  • Twentieth count: Tobias eliminated (2425 votes)
  • Twenty-first count: Andrusychen eliminated (2923 votes)
  • Twenty-second count: Swail eliminated (3457 votes; Ketchen elected, 7486 votes)
  • Twenty-third count: Ketchen surplus
  • Twenty-fourth count: Barry eliminated (4780 votes)

Final standings:

  • (x)William Evans (C) 7000
  • (x)John Queen (ILP) 7000
  • (x)John Haig (C) 7000
  • (x)Seymour Farmer (ILP) 7000
  • (x)William Major (LP/P) 7000
  • Huntly Ketchen (C) 7000
  • Marcus Hyman (ILP) 6593
  • John McDiarmid (LP/L) 6060
  • (x)William Ivens (ILP) 5470
  • Ralph Maybank (LP/L) 5268
  • Leslie Morris (United Front Workers) 4959

Sources

The first ballot results for Winnipeg and results for all other constituencies are taken from an official Manitoba government publication entitled "Manitoba elections, 1920-1941", cross-referenced with an appendix to the government's report of the 2003 provincial election. The Canadian parliamentary guide lists slightly different results from Kildonan & St. Andrews, Lansdowne, La Verendrye, Morris, Springfield and Turtle Mountain; the other two sources are more comprehensive, however, and may be taken as more reliable.

All ballot results for Winnipeg after the first count are taken from reports in the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper. It is possible that some errors appeared in the original publication.

Post-election changes

Portage La Prairie (res. Fawcett Taylor, 1933), November 27, 1933:

  • William Sexsmith (C) 1166, 1261
  • E.A. Gilroy (Ind [LP]) 851, 1024
  • H.A. Ireland (Ind-Lab) 597

Arthur (dec. Duncan McLeod, May 10, 1935), June 24, 1935:

Russell (Isaac Griffiths to cabinet, May 28, 1935), July 4, 1935:

Carillon (dec. Albert Prefontaine, 1935), July 4, 1935:

Gimli (res. Einar Jonasson, 1935)

Winnipeg (res. Ralph Maybank, October 1, 1935)

Winnipeg (res. John Thomas Haig, 1935)


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