- Kliment Voroshilov
Infobox Military Person
name=Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov
caption=Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov
born= birth date|1881|2|4
died= death date and age|1969|12|2|1881|2|4
Dnipropetrovsk, Russian Empire
Moscow, Soviet Union
Kremlin Wall Necropolis
serviceyears=1903 — 1960
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Russian Civil War Polish-Soviet War Winter War
Great Patriotic War
Hero of the Soviet Union(2) Hero of Socialist Labor Order of Lenin(8) Order of the Red Banner(6) Order of Suvorov, 1st Class Medal For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945
laterwork=Audio|ru-Kliment Voroshilov.ogg|Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov ( _ru. Климе́нт Ефре́мович Вороши́лов, "Kliment Efremovič Vorošilov", _uk. Климент Єфремович Ворошилов), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov ( _ru. Клим Вороши́лов, "Klim Vorošilov") (OldStyleDate|
February 4| 1881| January 23– December 2, 1969) was a Soviet military commander and politician.
Voroshilov was born in Verkhneye, near Yekaterinoslav (now
Dnipropetrovsk), Ukraine, under the Russian Empire. He joined the Bolshevikparty in 1905. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917he was a member of the Ukrainian provisional government and Commissar for Internal Affairs. In the Soviet defense of Tsaritsyn during the civil war, he became closely associated with Joseph Stalin. He was well known for aiding Stalin in the Military Council (led by Leon Trotsky). He was instrumental in the Southern Front of the Russian Civil Warand the Polish-Soviet Warwhile with 1st Cavalry Army.
Voroshilov was elected to the Central Committee in 1921 and remained a member until 1961. In 1925, after the death of
Mikhail Frunze, Voroshilov was appointed People's Commissar for Military and Navy Affairs and Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Councilof the USSR, a post he held until 1934. Frunze's position was Troika compatible ( Zinoviev, Kamenev, Stalin), but Stalin preferred to have a Stalinist in charge (as opposed to Frunze, a "Zinovievite"). Frunze was urged to have surgery to treat an old stomach ulcer. He died on the operating table of an overdose of chloroform, an anesthetic. Stalin's critics charge that the surgery was used to disguise the assassination of Frunze. Voroshilov was made full member of the newly formed Politburoin 1926, remaining a member until 1960. He was heavily involved in Stalin's Great Purgeof the late 1930s.
Voroshilov was appointed
People's Commissarfor Defence in 1934 and a Marshal of the Soviet Unionin 1935. During World War II, Voroshilov was a member of the State Defense Committee. Voroshilov commanded Soviet troops during the Winter Warfrom November 1939 to January 1940, but due to his poor planning and overall incompetence the Red Armysuffered tremendous casualties. He was later replaced by Semyon Timoshenko.
After the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, Voroshilov was made commander of the shortlived Northwestern Direction, controlling several fronts. He displayed considerable personal bravery - at one point he personally led a counter-attack against German tanks armed only with a pistol - but also grave incompetence and failed to prevent the Germans from surrounding Leningrad, was dismissed from that post, and replaced by the far abler
Georgy Zhukov. In 1945-47 he supervised the establishment of the communist regime in Hungary.
In 1952, Voroshilov was appointed a member of the Presidium of the
Central Committee. Stalin's death prompted major changes in the Soviet leadership and in March 1953, Voroshilov was approved as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet(i.e. the head of state) with Nikita Khrushchevas First Secretary of the Communist Party and Malenkov as Premier of the Soviet Union. Voroshilov, Georgy Malenkovand Khrushchev brought about the arrest of Lavrenty Beriaafter Stalin's death in 1953.
May 7, 1960, the Supreme Sovietgranted Voroshilov's "request for retirement" and elected Leonid Brezhnevchairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council (the head of state). The Central Committee also relieved him of duties as a member of the Party Presidium (as the Politburo had been called since 1952) on July 16, 1960. In October 1961, his political defeat was complete at the 22nd party congress when he was excluded from election to the Central Committee. A curious story surrounds Voroshilov's last days as the head of state. During one dinner meeting with the Central Committee, every one else present ignored Voroshilov and gave him the cold shoulder. Their snubs made Voroshilov realize that all his colleagues had already decided to fire him, so he decided to preempt them and just "retire".
After the downfall of Khrushchev, Brezhnev returned Voroshilov to politics, in a
figureheadrole. He was re-elected to the Central Committee in 1966 and was awarded a second medal of Hero of the Soviet Union1968. He died in 1969 in Moscowand was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis. The KV series of tanks, used in World War II, was named after him. Two towns were named after him: Voroshilovgradin Ukraine (now changed back to the historical Luhansk) and Voroshilov, in the Soviet Far East(now renamed Ussuriyskafter Ussuririver), as well as the General Staff Academy in Moscow. Stavropolwas called Voroshilovsk from 1935 to 1943.
* OSOAVIAKhIM badges: "Voroshilov Sharpshooter" ( _ru. Ворошиловский стрелок) and "Voroshilov Horse Rider" ( _ru. Ворошиловский всадник) etc.
Kliment Voroshilov tank, KV-1 and KV-2
Kirov class cruiser
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Kliment Voroshilov tank — Infobox Weapon name= Kliment Voroshilov tank caption= KV1 model 1940 s ekranami (with appliqué), or KV1 E origin= Soviet Union type= Heavy tank is artillery= is vehicle= yes is UK= yes service= 1939–45 used by= Soviet Union wars= World War II… … Wikipedia
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Char Kliment Voroshilov — Kliment Voroshilov (char) KV 1e modèle 1940 … Wikipédia en Français
Voroshilov — may refer to:* Kliment Voroshilov (1881 ndash;1969), Marshal of the Soviet Union. * Luhansk, Ukraine (former Voroshilovgrad). * Ussuriysk, Russian Far East (former Voroshilov). * KV tank (Kliment Voroshilov tank series). * Voroshilov , a Kirov… … Wikipedia
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Kliment — is a male name, a form of Clement and may refer to:* Kliment Voroshilov * Kliment Turnovski * Kliment Andreev * Kliment Timiryazev * Clement of Ohrid … Wikipedia