Abartach


Abartach

In Irish mythology, Abartach or Abarta ("performer of feats") was one of the Tuatha Dé Danann. He was also known as the Giolla Deacair ("the hard servant") and was associated with Fionn mac Cumhaill.

One tale has Abarta tricking a group of Fianna into mounting a magical gray horse which took them to the underworld until being rescued by Fionn.

Abarta may have been associated with a servant of Apollo, who was said to have given him a golden arrow (i.e. a sunbeam) which could teleport him, cause him invisibility and give prophecies. In later, more purely Celtic myths, the golden arrow was changed to a magical horse. Some similarities can be noted between Abaris and Paris), who slew Achilles with an arrow and the help of Apollo (a solar deity). Abaris' murder of Diarmuid Ua Duibhne by stabbing his heel with a boar's poisonous bristles has parallels with Achilles' story.

Etymology

This theonym appears to be derived from Proto-Celtic *"Adbero-tekos". The name literally means "service-begetting," which may have been a byword for the notion of ‘task performance’ (q.v. [http://www.wales.ac.uk/documents/external/cawcs/PCl-MoE.pdf] , [http://www.wales.ac.uk/documents/external/cawcs/MoE-PCl.pdf] , [http://www.indo-european.nl/cgi-bin/query.cgi?root=leiden&basename=%5Cdata%5Cie%5Cceltic] ). The Romano-British form of this Proto-Celtic theonym is likely to have been *"Abertecos" (q.v. [http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/dwew2/diachrony.pdf] [http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S0022226702001706] [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=74849&query=available%20name&ct=] [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=74843&query=ogham&ct=] ).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Celtic mythology — Series on Celtic mythology Celtic polytheism Celtic deities (list) Gaelic mythology …   Wikipedia

  • Imbolc — Observed by Gaels, Britons (Irish people, Scottish people) Welsh people Neopagans (Celtic Reconstructionists, Wiccans) Type Gaelic, Celtic, Pagan Date …   Wikipedia

  • Aos Sí — Sidhe redirects here. For other uses, see Sidhe (disambiguation). The aos sí (Irish pronunciation: [iːs ˈʃiː], older form aes sídhe [eːs ˈʃiːə]) are a supernatural race in Irish mythology comparable to the fairies or elves. They are said to… …   Wikipedia

  • Tuatha Dé Danann — For other uses, see Danann (disambiguation). Áes dána redirects here. For other uses, see Aes Dana (disambiguation). Series on Celtic mythology Celtic polytheism Celtic deities ( …   Wikipedia

  • Mag Mell — In Irish mythology, Mag Mell (modern spelling: Magh Meall, meaning plain of joy ) was a mythical realm achievable through death and/or glory (see also Valhalla in Norse mythology, Tír na nÓg also from Irish mythology and Avalon in Arthurian… …   Wikipedia

  • Abhartach — (also avartagh, Irish Gaelic for dwarf) is an early Irish legend, which was first collected in Patrick Weston Joyce s The Origin and History of Irish Names of Places (1875)cite book | last = Joyce | first = Patrick | authorlink = Patrick Weston… …   Wikipedia

  • Mythologie Celtique — L’Europe celtique et la Galatie. La mythologie celtique est constitutive de la religion des Celtes de la Protohistoire/Antiquité. Nos connaissances sont lacunaires puisque les sources dont nous disposons sont gauloises, plus précisément gallo… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mythologie celte — Mythologie celtique L’Europe celtique et la Galatie. La mythologie celtique est constitutive de la religion des Celtes de la Protohistoire/Antiquité. Nos connaissances sont lacunaires puisque les sources dont nous disposons sont gauloises, plus… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mythologie celtique — L’Europe celtique et la Galatie. La mythologie celtique est constitutive de la religion des Celtes de la Protohistoire/Antiquité. Nos connaissances sont lacunaires puisque les sources dont nous disposons sont gauloises, plus précisément gallo… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mythologie gauloise — Mythologie celtique L’Europe celtique et la Galatie. La mythologie celtique est constitutive de la religion des Celtes de la Protohistoire/Antiquité. Nos connaissances sont lacunaires puisque les sources dont nous disposons sont gauloises, plus… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.