- Floor cleaning
Floor cleaning is a major occupation throughout the world. The main job of most
cleaners is to clean floors.
Reasons for cleaning floors
The principal reasons for floor cleaning are:
* To prevent injuries due to tripping or slipping. Injuries due to slips and trips on level floors are a major cause of accidental injury or death. Bad practice in floor cleaning is itself a major cause of accidents. [http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/web/slips02.pdf HSE information sheet: Slips and trips: The importance of floor cleaning]
* To beautify the floor
* To remove
stains, dirt, litterand obstructions
* To remove grit and
sandwhich scratch and wear down the surface.
* To remove
allergens, in particular dust
* To prevent wear to the surface e.g. by using a floor
waxor protective sealant.
* To make the environment sanitary e.g. in
* To maintain an optimum traction e.g. for
Methods of floor cleaning
The treatment needed for different types of floors is very different. [http://home.howstuffworks.com/floor-cleaning-tips.htm howstffworks: Home cleaning: Floor-cleaning Tips] For safety it is most important to ensure the floor is not left even slightly wet after cleaning or mopping up. [http://www.hse.gov.uk/slips/kitchens/floorcleaning.pdf HSE: Stop slips in kitchens]
Sawdust is used on some floors to absorb any liquids that fall rather than trying to prevent them being spilt. The sawdust is swept up and replaced each day. This was common in the past in
pubs and is still used in some butchers and fishmongers. [http://www.leg.state.nv.us/nrs/NRS-446.html#NRS446Sec841 NRS 446.841: Use of sawdust on floors in retail meat, poultry and fish markets]
It used to be common to use tea leaves to collect dirt from carpets and remove odours. [http://www.burrows.com/carpetcleaning/index.html Historic Carpet Cleaning Methods in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries] Nowadays it is sill quite common to use
diatomaceous earth, or in fact any cat littertype material, to remove infestations from floors.
Reducing the need for cleaning
Good well-maintained entrance matting can dramatically reduce the need for cleaning. For public and office buildings about 80 to 90% of the dirt is tracked in from outside. Installing a total of 15 feet of matting consisting of both indoor and outdoor sections will remove about 80% of this. [http://www.carpet-rug.org/pdf_word_docs/040504_CM_Guidelines.pdfThe Carpet and rug Institute: Carpet Maintenance Guidelines] [http://www.hughescustomat.com/dirty-facts.html Hughes Customat Inc: Dirty Facts] Thus about two-thirds of the dirt can be removed at the entrance.
BS 7953'Entrance flooring systems. Selection, installation and maintenance' has standards relating to barrier matting.
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