Australian bat lyssavirus


Australian bat lyssavirus

Taxobox
name = "PAGENAME"
virus_group = v
ordo = "Mononegavirales"
familia = "Rhabdoviridae"
genus = "Lyssavirus"
species = "PAGENAME"

Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) (initially named pteropid lyssavirus PLV) is a zoonotic virus closely related to rabies virus. It was first identified in a 5-month old juvenile Black flying fox ("Pteropus alecto") collected near Ballina in northern New South Wales, Australia in 1996 during a national surveillance program for the recently identified Hendra virus. ABLV is the seventh member of the lyssavirus genus (which includes rabies virus) and the only one present in Australia.

ABLV is distributed throughout Australia in a variety of bat species which are believed to be the primary reservoir for the virus. Two strains of the virus exist, one occurring in insectivorous bats and the other in fruit bats.

ABLV has caused two human deaths. The first occurred in November 1996 when an animal carer was scratched by a yellow-bellied sheathtailed bat. Onset of a rabies-like illness occurred 4-5 weeks following the incident, with death twenty days later. ABLV was identified from brain tissue by PCR and immunohistochemistry.

In August 1996, a woman in Queensland was bitten on the finger by a flying fox while attempting to remove it from a child it had landed on. Six months later, following heightened public attention from the first ABLV death, she consulted a GP regarding testing for the virus. Post exposure treatment was advised but declined. After a 27 month incubation a rabies-like illness developed. The condition worsened after hospital admission and she died 19 days after the onset of illness. This length of incubation is unusual with typical incubation periods for classical rabies of less than 90 days.

Rabies vaccine and immunoglobulin are effective in prophylactic and therapeutic protection from ABLV infection. Since the emergence of the virus, rabies vaccine is administered to individuals with a heightened risk of exposure and vaccine and immunoglobulin are provided for post exposure treatment.

ABLV is one of four zoonotic viruses discovered in Pteropid bats since 1994, the others being Hendra virus, Nipah virus and Menangle virus. Of these, ABLV is the only virus known to be transmissible to humans directly from bats without an intermediate host.

References

*
*
*

External links

* [http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-pubs-other-bat_lyssa.htm Australian Bat Lyssavirus information documents - Communicable Diseases Network Australia (CDNA)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lyssavirus — Tollwut Viren in einer Zelle, Elektronenmikroskop. Systematik Reich: Viren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyssavirus — Lyssavirus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyssavirus — Taxobox name = Lyssavirus virus group = v ordo = Mononegavirales familia = Rhabdoviridae genus = Lyssavirus type species = Rabies virus subdivision ranks = Species subdivision = Aravan virus Australian bat lyssavirus Duvenhage virus European bat… …   Wikipedia

  • Lyssavirus — Lyssavirus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyssavirus de chauve-souris australienne — Le virus Lyssavirus de la chauve souris australienne (en anglais, Australian bat lyssavirus, ou ABL) a été isolé pour la première fois en juillet 1996 dans un Pteropus Alecto à Ballina, Nouvelles Galles du Sud. Le virus ABL provoque paralysie,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyssavirus — A genus of viruses (family Rhabdoviridae) that includes the rabies virus group. Australian bat L. a species that has caused a fatal rabieslike disease in a woman in Australia. European bat L. two species (1 & 2) causing rabieslike diseases in… …   Medical dictionary

  • Lyssaviren — Lyssavirus Tollwut Viren in einer Zelle, Elektronenmikroskop. Systematik Reich: Viren Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Black Flying Fox — Conservation status Least Concern (IUC …   Wikipedia

  • Rabies — eMedicine2|ped|1974 MeshID = D011818Rabies (from la. rabies, “madness, rage, fury.” Also known as “hydrophobia”) is a viral zoonotic neuroinvasive disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in mammals. It is most commonly… …   Wikipedia

  • Grey-headed Flying Fox — Taxobox name = Grey headed flying fox status = VU | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Chiroptera familia = Pteropodidae genus = Pteropus species = P. poliocephalus binomial = Pteropus… …   Wikipedia