- Adam Raphael
Adam Eliot Geoffrey Raphael (born
22 April 1938) is an award-winning English journalistand author. In the British Press Awardsof 1973, he was named Journalist of the Year for his work on labour conditions in South Africa, and he has also been a presenter and editor of BBC Television's " Newsnight". Since 2004, he has edited "The Good Hotel Guide".
The son of Geoffrey George Raphael and his wife Nancy Raphael (
néeRose), Raphael was educated at Arnold House, Charterhouse School(where he was a contemporary of David Dimbleby), and Oriel College, Oxford, graduating BA with Honours in History.'RAPHAEL, Adam Eliot Geoffrey' in "Who's Who 2008" online, retrieved June 26, 2008, from [http://www.credoreference.com/entry/744620 RAPHAEL, Adam Eliot Geoffrey] ]
national Servicewith the Royal Artillery, commissioned as a second lieutenant on 1 June 1957, [LondonGazette|issue=41129|supp=yes|startpage=4292|date= 19 July 1957|accessdate=2008-07-01] serving with the regular army until 1958 when he switched to the Territorial Army. [LondonGazette|issue=41532|supp=yes|startpage=6574|date= 24 October 1958|accessdate=2008-07-01] He was promoted lieutenant on 25 January 1959, [LondonGazette|issue=41616|supp=yes|startpage=640|date= 23 January 1959|accessdate=2008-07-01] and completed his service in 1962. [LondonGazette|issue=42625|supp=yes|startpage=2316|date= 16 March 1962|accessdate=2008-07-01] He became a copy boy at the " Washington Post" in 1961, worked on the " Swindon Evening Advertiser" from 1962 to 1963, then as film critic of the " Bath Evening Chronicle" from 1963 to 1964.
In 1965, he arrived in
Fleet Streetas a reporter on " The Guardian", then was the newspaper's motoring correspondent from 1967 to 1968 before serving overseas as its foreign correspondentin Washington, D.C., and South Africafrom 1969 to 1973. On his return to London, he was "The Guardian" 's consumer affairs columnist from 1974 to 1976, before moving to " The Observer" as political correspondent, 1976-1981, and as political editor, 1981-1986.
In 1984 and 1989, "The Observer" printed articles by Raphael which suggested that the lobbyist
Ian Greerhad been paying members of parliament to table parliamentary questions, an early stage of the Cash for Questions scandal. [http://www.guardianlies.com/Section%203/page2.html The Webs They Weave] online, accessed 26 June 2008]
In 1987, Raphael moved to
BBC Television, first as a presenter of its daily current affairs programme, " Newsnight" (1987-1988), then briefly in 1988 as an assistant Editor, before serving as "Newsnight"'s Executive Editor from 1988 to 1993.
In March 1989, "The Observer" published an article by Raphael which claimed that
British Aerospacewas selling Tornado aircraft to Jordanat inflated prices to include the cost of bribes. At the time, "The Guardian" was seeking to undermine the ownership of "The Observer" by Tiny Rowland's Lonrho, and Raphael's colleague David Leighcomplained to the directors of "The Observer" that the story was untrue and that Raphael had written it to suit Lonrho, which had a stake in British Aerospace's rival, Dassault Aviation. The MP Dale Campbell-Savourstabled motions in the House of Commons denouncing the article. The directors of "The Observer" dismissed Leigh's complaint, and he resigned from the newspaper, but in reporting the affair "The Guardian" gave the impression that the story had indeed been untrue, thus smearing Raphael.
In 1989, Raphael published a book on some
libelcases, "My Learned Friends: an Insider's View of the Jeffrey Archer Case and Other Notorious Actions", which focussed on the remarkable case of Jeffrey Archerv. "The Daily Star" (1987).
In 1994, he returned to "The Observer" as a writer on home affairs, then went to "
The Economist" as political correspondent, 1994 to 2004.
In 1994, Raphael's book "Ultimate Risk", ["Ultimate Risk: the inside story of the Lloyd's catastrophe" (London, Four Walls Eight Windows, 1994, ISBN 978-1568580562)] the story of the
Lloyd's of Londoncatastrophe, became a bestseller in the UK. Between 1988 and 1992 Lloyd's recorded losses of some twelve billion US dollars, and Raphael wrote that it thus managed to "pauperize, if not bankrupt, as many as two in five of those who provided the market's capital." Raphael was himself a Lloyd's Name, and was thus able to write as an insider, one of the victims of the affair. [Wheatcroft, Geoffrey, " [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9405E4DD1039F935A15752C1A963958260&n=Top/Features/Books/Book%20Reviews Insuring Disaster] " dated November 26, 1995 online at nytimes.com, accessed 26 June 2008]
In 1999, Raphael wrote an article in "The Economist" about Jeffrey Archer's 1987 libel action against the "Daily Star" which raised new questions about where Archer had been on the key dates. He claimed that Archer had asked him to forget a conversation about the case and had asked him to change evidence he was about to give to the 1987 libel trial. Archer's spokesman
Stephan Shakespearereplied "We are in an atmosphere where you can say whatever you like about Jeffrey Archer and it will be believed." [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/537293.stm New claims in Archer case] dated 26 November, 1999, online at news.bbc.co.uk, accessed 27 June 2008]
In 2001, Raphael's knowledge of the Archer libel case became critical when Archer was tried for
perjury. Raphael had decided he would not reveal a source at the trial, and told Archer so, but he also warned Archer that he would reveal his source if Archer gave false evidence, which he went on to do. Subsequently, " The Mail on Sunday" had to pay damages to Raphael and "The Observer" after an editorial by Stewart Stevenattacked Raphael for revealing the source. After Archer was jailed in 2001, Steven continued to insist that Raphael had "got it wrong". In his view, journalists facing a subpoenashould be prepared to go to jail to protect their sources. Raphael replied that Steven was the kind of powerful ally who had protected Archer, adding (in an editorial in "The Observer") "This attack on me by one of Archer's media allies was not just defamatory but also a contempt of court". [Hodgson, Jessica, [http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2001/jul/27/pressandpublishing?commentpage=1 Archer's 'ally' hits back at Raphael] dated July 27, 2001, online at guardian.co.uk, accessed 27 June 2008]
Raphael has been Editor of "The Good Hotel Guide" since 2004 and also an Associate Editor of "
Transport Times" since 2005.
*Granada Investigative Journalist of the Year, 1973
British Press AwardsJournalist of the Year, 1973 (for a series in "The Guardian" on labour conditions in South Africa) [ [http://www.pressgazette.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=28692§ioncode=1 Back Issues 15.04.04: NATIONAL PRESS ROLL OF HONOUR] at pressgazette.co.uk]
*"My Learned Friends: an Insider's View of the Jeffrey Archer Case and Other Notorious Actions" (London, W. H. Allen & Virgin Books, November 16, 1989) [An exposé of the British libel laws]
*"Ultimate Risk: the inside story of the Lloyd's catastrophe" (London, Four Walls Eight Windows, 1994)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2001: Great Britain and Ireland" (with Caroline Raphael) (London, Ebury Press, October 2000)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2001: Continental Europe" (with Caroline Raphael) (London, Ebury Press, February 2001)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2002: Great Britain and Ireland" (with Caroline Raphael) (London, Ebury Press, September 6, 2001)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2005" (with Caroline Raphael) (London, The Good Hotel Guide Ltd, January 2005)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2005: Continental Europe" (with Caroline Raphael) (London, Steerforth, March 15, 2005)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2006: Great Britain and Ireland" (with Desmond Balmer) (London, Steerforth, December 6, 2005)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2007" (London, The Good Hotel Guide Ltd, 2006)
*"The Good Hotel Guide 2008" (with Desmond Balmer) (London, The Good Hotel Guide Ltd, October 1, 2007, ISBN 978-0954940423)
In 1970, Raphael married Caroline Rayner Ellis, and they have one son and one daughter. In "Who's Who", he gives his recreations as "
tennis, golf, skiing", his address as Addison Avenue, London W11, and his clubs as the Garrick, the Hurlingham, and the Royal Automobile Club.
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