- Scottsville, Virginia
official_name = Scottsville, Virginia
nickname = Scottsvegas
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Valley Street, Scottsville,Virginia
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Scottsville, Virginia
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 4.0
area_land_km2 = 4.0
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 1.5
area_land_sq_mi = 1.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 555
population_density_km2 = 139.1
population_density_sq_mi = 360.2
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 93
elevation_ft = 305
latd = 37 |latm = 48 |lats = 8 |latNS = N
longd = 78 |longm = 29 |longs = 49 |longEW = W
According to [http://www.scottsville.org/ Scottsville's website] , the town "served as Virginia's westernmost center of government and commerce during the 1700s, when rivers were the primary means of travel in the new American wilderness." During the late eighteenth and the nineteenth century attempts were made to improve navigability along the James, as well as other central Virginian rivers. Part of this was the construction of a canal running roughly parallel with the James west from Richmond. Scottsville was the largest port town along this route, called the
James River and Kanawha Canal. The ultimate goal of this project was to connect the Atlanticwith the Ohio Rivervia the Kanawha River. These aims were not achieved, due to interruption by the American Civil Warand the rise of the train. It did however succeed in making Scottsville a busy, prominent town. In fact, thanks to a wagon road connecting Staunton to Scottsville, all of the agricultural wealth of the Shenandoah Valleypoured into town en route to Richmond and the sea, thereby making Scottsville the largest grain market in the state. Trade died down when Union soldiers broke the canal works in the area. Then the train came, the tracks being laid directly on the towpath of the old canal, a monument to its demise. Eventually, the train too stopped taking passengers, leaving Scottsville a sleepy country town on a coal line.
Scottsville is located at coor dms|37|48|8|N|78|29|49|W|city (37.802206, -78.496889)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), all land.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 555 people, 256 households, and 145 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 360.2 people per square mile (139.1/km²). There were 300 housing units at an average density of 194.7/sq mi (75.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.51% White, 4.68% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.36% Asian, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population.
There were 256 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,903, and the median income for a family was $41,667. Males had a median income of $31,369 versus $22,656 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $17,432. About 11.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
Scottsville has been flooded several times due to its proximity to the James River. Since 1870, Scottsville has been the victim of twenty-one floods (defined as water levels of twenty feet or more above the average low water level). In 1985, the Army Corps of Engineers built a dam around the lowest portion of Scottsville, providing protection against further floods.
* [http://www.scottsville.org Town website]
* [http://avenue.org/smuseum Scottsville Museum]
* [http://avenue.org/cbs/ Scottsville's Canal Basin Square Website]
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