- Battle of Rangiriri
The Battle of Rangiriri (1863) occurred during the
New Zealand land wars(1845-1872), which were fought between the indigenous Māoritribes and the British colonial forces. The wars were sparked by a number of issues, including the refusal of Māori to sell land to the European settler population.
Following the British defeat of
Meremerein November 1863, the Māori retreated south to Rangiriri. In Rangiriri Te Wharepudesigned a line of fortifications, stretching from the Waikato Riverto Lake Waikare, in preparation for a British attack. [http://riv.co.nz/rnza/hist/rang/index.htm Battle of Rangiriri article, Royal New Zealand Artillery Association website] ]
On November 20, 1863 the colonial forces, led by General
Duncan Alexander Cameron, attacked the fortifications on two fronts. Gunboats on the river attacked the southern ridge, while land troops, who had marched south from Meremere, attacked the main Māori position. The gunboat attack, at a range of about 700 yards, lasted for about two hours.
The land troops, consisting of four companies of the 65th Regiment, a detachment of
Royal Engineersand the 14th Regiment, attacked the first line of defences and forced the Māori back. The Māori fiercely fought back, but by nightfall their fortifications were surrounded.
The Battle of Rangiriri resulted in defeat for the Māori. Thirty-six Māori were killed and 183 were taken prisoner. The British losses were 38 killed and 92 wounded. [ [http://www.teara.govt.nz/1966/R/RangiririBattleOf/RangiririBattleOf/en Battle of Rangiriri entry, Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966] ] General Cameron later felt that the battle had been unjust, and fought only for the benefit of settlers hungry for fertile land.Fact|date=June 2008 He resigned in 1865.
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