Infobox City
official_name = Sfax
native_name = صفاقس
nickname =
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imagesize = 250px
image_caption = A Sfax street (Rue Hédi Chaker)

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pushpin_label_position = top
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Tunisia
subdivision_type1 = Governorates
subdivision_name1 = Sfax Governorate
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Mohamed Hadj Taïeb
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population_as_of = 2004
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population_total = 265.131
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timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
elevation =
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Sfax ( _ar. صفاقس, Safaqis, or /sfa:qs/ in Tunisian Arabic, whence the French name) is a city in Tunisia, located 270 km southeast of Tunis. The city, founded in AD 849 on the ruins of Taparura and Thaenae, is the capital of the Sfax governorate, and a Mediterranean port on the Gulf of Gabes. Sfax has population of 340,000 (2005) [ [http://looklex.com/e.o/sfax.htm LookLex Encyclopaedia] accessed 10 July 2008] , and is an industrial center for processing phosphates. The city is often described as Tunisia's Second city, because only Tunis has more inhabitants.


By the end of the 10th century Sfax had become an independent city state. The city was conquered by Roger of Sicily in 1148 and occupied until it was liberated in 1156 by local forces, and was briefly occupied by European forces again, this time by the Spanish, in the 16th century. Sfax became an integral base of the Barbary piracy, prompting an unsuccessful invasion by Venice in 1785. In the late 19th century Sfax and the rest of Tunisia were conquered by France and incorporated into the French empire. During World War II, the Axis powers used the city as a major base until they were defeated by British forces. After World War II, Tunisia was returned to France only to gain independence in 1956.


Sfax is served by a narrow gauge railway system of SNCFT that delivers phosphates and iron ore for export.


Founded in 1961, Radio Sfax broadcasts twenty hours a day on MW 720 kHz/105.21 MHz.


* ENIS (Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax) issued a number of well known scientists and industrials. [http://www.enis.rnu.tn]
* ESCS (Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Sfax) issued a number of Managers, Economy and Management Researchers and Youth Entrepreneurs. [http://www.escs.rnu.tn]
* FLSHS (Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines de Sfax) issued a number of renowned poets and prose writers .(http://www.flshs.rnu.tn)
* Sfax Faculty of Medicine (Faculté de Médecine de Sfax). [http://www.fmsf.rnu.tn]

Famous people

*Hédi Bouraoui, a poet and writer now living in Canada.
*Hedi Chaker, patriot who fought the French colonisation.
*Saber Rabaii, eastern singer renowned all over the east for his songs.


See also

* [http://www.sfaxonline.com/ SfaxOnline - Portail de la ville de Sfax]
* Transport in Tunisia
* Sufax
* [http://www.tunisia.com/Tunisia/Travel/Tunisia-Travel-Guides/Central-Tunisia/Sfax Sfax travel guide]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sfax — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • SFAX — Édifiées sur le site de l’antique cité romaine de Taparura, Sfax (Sfaqus) et sa banlieue représentent l’agglomération urbaine la plus dynamique de Tunisie. Après la longue période de repliement consécutive aux invasions arabes du XIe siècle,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sfax — (Sfakes), Stadt in Tunesien (Afrika), liegt an der Küste, hat fruchtbare Umgebungen mit starkem Getreide , Öl u. Obstbau, lebhaften Handel mit Früchten, Seife, Wachs u. Wolle, Verfertigung wollener Zeuge u. 12,000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sfax — [sfäks] seaport on the E coast of Tunisia: pop. 231,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Sfax — 34° 44′ N 10° 46′ E / 34.74, 10.76 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sfax — 34.74138888888910.756666666667 Koordinaten: 34° 44′ N, 10° 45′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sfax — /sfahks/, n. a seaport in E Tunisia, in N Africa. 75,000. * * * or Ṣafāqis Port city (pop., 1994: 230,900), east central Tunisia. Built on the site of two ancient settlements, the city grew as an Islamic trading centre. It was occupied by the… …   Universalium

  • Sfax — Sfạx,   arabisch Safakis, Hafen und Industriestadt mit Seebad an der Ostküste Tunesiens, 230 900 Einwohner; Universität (gegründet 1986); Wirtschaftszentrum Südtunesiens; Phosphatexport und verarbeitung (größtes Phosphatwerk Tunesiens;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sfax — Original name in latin Sfax Name in other language Gorad Sfaks, SFA, Safakes, Safakis, Safaqis, Sfaks, Sfaksas, Sfakso, Sfax, Sfvks, Szfaksz, Taparura, Thaenae, seupagseu, sfaqs, si fa ke si, spaksi, spqs, sufakkusu, afqis, Горад Сфакс, Сфакс,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Sfax — geographical name city & port Tunisia on Gulf of Gabès population 221,770 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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