- Marfo-Mariinsky Convent
Marfo-Mariinsky Convent, or Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy in the Possession of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna (Russian: Марфо-Мариинская обитель, Марфо-Мариинская обитель милосердия во владении великой княгини Елизаветы Фёдоровны) is a female cloister in Moscow.
The convent was founded in 1908 by Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna (sister of Alexandra Feodorovna, the last Empress of Russia—both of whom are counted among the Russian New Martyrs) to assist sick, wounded, and maimed soldiers in their recovery, and to provide for the needs of the poor and orphans.
Grand Duchess Elizabeth was the widow of Grand Duke Sergeii Alexandrovich, who had been assassinated by terrorists in 1905. After her husband's death, she gave away her magnificent collection of jewels, including her wedding ring, and sold her other possessions. With the proceeds she opened the Convent of Sts. Martha and Mary and became its abbess. Her vision was to begin a religious community, made up of women from all social strata, that would merge the ideals of saints Martha and Mary, dedicated both to prayer and to serving the needs of the poor. She purchased a tract of land in Moscow and constructed a hospital, an orphanage for girls, and quarters for the nuns. Working in conjunction with church authorities she developed the monastic rule and habit—which differed somewhat from the traditional habit of Orthodox nuns—that would be used at the convent. At its peak the convent housed 97 sisters and served 300 meals daily to the poor.
In 1908-12, Aleksey Shchusev designed the Church of Saints Martha and Mary and the Holy Protection Cathedral, both structures being Art Nouveau renderings of a medieval Novgorod architectural type. The cathedral's snow-white walls are adorned with carved crosses by Sergey Konenkov. The interior contains frescoes and mosaics by Mikhail Nesterov and Pavel Korin.
Both of the churches at the convent were closed down by the Communist authorities in 1926 and the sisterhood was scattered. In 1990 a monument was erected on the convent grounds to Grand Duchess Elizabeth, who was glorified (canonized) by the Russian Orthodox Church (see Romanov sainthood). In 1992, the celebration of divine services was resumed in the Church of Martha and Mary, and in 1994 the sisterhood was reestablished.
In 1999 the Educational Center of Sts. Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy was founded, with the blessing of Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia, for the purpose of training Orthodox girls as certified nurses.
Princess Alice of Battenberg founded a nursing order of Greek Orthodox nuns, the "Christian Sisterhood of Martha and Mary", modeled after the Marfo-Mariinsky Convent that her aunt had founded in Russia. However, the order eventually failed through a lack of suitable applicants.
In 2002, HRH Prince Charles commissioned British composer and convert to the Russian Orthodox Church, John Tavener, to write a choral piece in memory of his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. The work was entitled, Elizabeth Full of Grace, and celebrates the life, death and glorification of Saint Elizabeth the Grand Duchess. Premiered at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on 28 February 2003 by Valery Gergiev and the Mariinsky Chorus and Orchestra, proceeds from the performance went to benefit the charitable work of the Saints Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy.
- Official site of the convent
- Martha-Mary Convent and rule of St. Elizabeth, the New Martyr
- At The Convent of Martha and Mary account of an Englishman's visit to the Convent, 1915
- Father Mitrofan Srebrianski – Father-Confessor of the Martha-Mary Convent article from Orthodox America
- Educational Center at Sts Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy
- Sts Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy and interregional experience
- Elizabeth Full Of Grace Programme notes by composer John Tavener
Monasteries and convents of Moscow Downtown Outer ring 1Destroyed monasteries are in italics
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Mariinsky — refers to a number of institutions and places named after Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse) or Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1819 1876): Mariinsky Theatre, Saint Petersburg, and the ensembles headquartered there (both formerly known … Wikipedia
Novodevichy Convent — Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent * UNESCO World Heritage Site Cou … Wikipedia
Conception Convent — Conception Convent, 1882 photograph Conception monastery (Russian: Зачатьевский ставропигиальный женский монастырь, Conception stauropegic women s convent) is an operating Russian Orthodox convent in Khamovniki District of Moscow, Russia. The Con … Wikipedia
Nativity Convent (Moscow) — Coordinates: 55°45′57″N 37°37′27″E / 55.76583°N 37.62417°E / 55.76583; 37.62417 Rozhdestvensky Convent, or the Convent of Nativi … Wikipedia
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (1864–1918) — Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine Grand Duchess Elizaveta Feodorovna of Russia Spouse Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia Full name … Wikipedia
Yakimanka District — ( ru. район Якиманка) is a district of Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Russia. The area is named after Saint Joachim and Saint Anne. Yakimanka сontains the western half of historical Zamoskvorechye area (its eastern half is administered… … Wikipedia
List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history … Wikipedia
List of abbeys and priories — is a link list for any abbey or priory. Armenia*Akhtala Monastery *Gandzasar monastery *Geghard *Goshavank *Haghartsin Monastery *Haghpat *Kecharis Monastery *Khor Virap *Noravank *Sanahin *Sevanavank *TatevAustria* List of Christian religious… … Wikipedia
Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia — Infobox British Royalty|royalty name =Elizabeth Feodorovna title =Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia imgw = 200px caption = full name =Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice After marriage: Elizabeth Feodorovna Romanova reign = spouse =Grand… … Wikipedia
List of Russian Orthodox Monasteries — A= * Alexander Nevsky Lavra * Alexander Svirsky Monastery * Alexeevsky Monastery * Antonievo Siysky Monastery * Arkazhsky Monastery * Ascension ConventB* Bogojavlensky Monastery (Kostroma) * Bogojavlensky Monastery (Uglich) * Borisoglebsky… … Wikipedia