Calanoida


Calanoida

Taxobox | name = Calanoida



image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Diaptomus"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
subphylum = Crustacea
classis = Maxillopoda
subclassis = Copepoda
superordo = Gymnoplea
superordo_authority = Giesbrecht, 1882 cite book |url=http://www.nhm.org/research/publications/CrustaceaClassification.pdf |title=An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea |author=J. W. Martin & G. E. Davis |year=2001 |pages=132 pp |publisher=Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County |format=PDF]
ordo = Calanoida
ordo_authority = Sars, 1903
subdivision_ranks = Families
subdivision = "See text"

Calanoida is an order of copepods, a kind of zooplankton. They include 43 families with about 2000 species of both marine and freshwater copepods [cite book |author=D. Boltovskoy, M. J. Gibbons, L. Hutchings & D. Binet |year=1999 |chapter=General biological features of the South Atlantic |editor=D. Boltovskoy |title=Zooplankton of the South Atlantic |publisher=Backhuys Publishers, Leiden] . Calanoid copepods are important in many food webs, taking in energy from phytoplankton and algae and 'repackaging' it for consumption by higher trophic level predators like birds, fishes and mammals. Many commercial fishes are dependent on calanoid copepods for diet in either their larval or adult forms. Baleen whales such as the bowhead whale eat copepods of the genera "Calanus" and "Neocalanus", as do planktivorous seabirds like Crested Auklets, Least Auklets and Dovekies.

Classification

Calanoida contains the following families, and the genus "Microdisseta", "incertae sedis".
*Acartiidae
*Aetideidae
*Arctokonstantinidae
*Arietellidae
*Augaptilidae
*Bathypontiidae
*Boholinidae
*Calanidae
*Calocalanidae
*Candaciidae
*Centropagidae
*Clausocalanidae
*Diaixidae
*Diaptomidae
*Discoidae
*Epacteriscidae
*Eucalanidae
*Euchaetidae
*Fosshageniidae
*Heterorhabdidae
*Hyperbionychidae
*Lucicutiidae
*Mecynoceridae
*Megacalanidae
*Mesaiokeratidae
*Metridinidae
*Nullosetigeridae
*Paracalanidae
*Parapontellidae
*Parkiidae
*Phaennidae
*Phyllopodidae
*Pontellidae
*Pseudocyclopidae
*Pseudocyclopiidae
*Pseudodiaptomidae
*Ridgewayiidae
*Ryocalanidae
*Scolecitrichidae
*Spinocalanidae
*Stephidae
*Subeucalanidae
*Sulcanidae
*Temoridae
*Tharybidae
*Tortanidae

References

External links

* [http://www.tafi.org.au/zooplankton/imagekey/copepoda/calanoida/ Calanoida fact sheet - Guide to the marine zooplankton of south eastern Australia]
* [http://www.miljolare.no/data/ut/art/?lang=eng&or_id=1879 Classification of Calanoida]
* [http://www.crustacea.net/crustace/calanoida/ Key to calanoid copepod families]


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