Punjab Regiment (India)


Punjab Regiment (India)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=The Punjab Regiment


caption=Regimental Insignia of the Punjab Regiment
dates= 1761 - Present
country= India
allegiance=
branch= Army
type= Line Infantry
role=
size=19 Battalions
command_structure=
garrison=Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand
garrison_label=Regimental Centre
equipment=
equipment_label=
nickname=
patron=
motto="Sthal Wa Jal (By Land and Sea)"
colors="Bole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal (He who cries God is Truth, is Ever Happy)""Bol Jawala Ma Ki Jai (Victory to Goddess Jawala)"
colors_label= War Cry
march=
mascot=
battles=
anniversaries=
decorations=2 Padma Bhushan, 1 Padma Shri, 4 Param Vishisht Seva Medals, 18 Maha Vir Chakras, 9 Kirti Chakras, 1 Uttam Yudh Seva Medal, 6 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals, 56 Vir Chakras, 29 Shaurya Chakras, 1 Yudh Seva Medal, 121 Sena Medals, 19 Vishisht Seva Medals and 117 Mention-in-Despatches.
battle_honours=Post Independence Zojila, Icchogil, Dograi, Burki, Kalidhar, Bedori, Nangi Tekri, Brachil Pass, Longewala and Garibpur
current_commander=
current_commander_label=
ceremonial_chief=
ceremonial_chief_label=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=
notable_commanders=
identification_symbol=A Galley with a bank of oars and sail |identification_symbol_label=Regimental Insignia

The Punjab Regiment of India was formed from the 2nd Punjab Regiment of the
British Indian Army in 1947

Prior to independence and partition there were a number of "Punjab regiments" in its fold these were amalgamated to form two regiments: the 1st Punjab Regiment, and the 2nd. At the onset of independence in 1947, the 1st Punjab Regiment being predominantly a Muslim regiment went over to the newly-raised Pakistan army, while the 2nd Punjab Regiment was retained in the Indian Army. There were transfers of troops between the regiments and other regiments to

History

The Punjab Regiment is one of the oldest in the Indian Army. It traces its origins to 1761 when the first battalion was raised at Trichinopoly. The first four battalions of what later became the 2nd Punjab Regiment and finally the Punjab Regiment, were raised during the hostilities in the Carnatic in south India between 1761 and 1776. The numbers and titles of the battalions changed during the successive reorganisations of the Madras Presidency Army and later of the Indian Army during the 18th, 19th and 20th Centuries. The names changed from Coast Sepoys to Carnatic Battalions to Madras Native Infantry to The Punjab Regiment.

In 1951, four battle experienced battalions of the former princely states of Punjab, joined the Regiment. These were a battalion each from the Jind and Nabha State Forces and the First and Second Battalions of Patiala Infantry. They are now designated as the 13, 14, 15 and 16 Punjab. Additional battalions were raised since 1963. In recent years, the Punjab Regiment has contributed towards UN Peacekeeping Operations by sending two of its battalion overseas i.e. in Gaza and Angola (3 and 14 Punjab respectively). The Regimental Centre was first raised at Loralai and was shifted to Multan in 1922, Meerut in 1929 and its present location in Ramgharh, Bihar in 1976.

Battle of Longewala

"Main article: Battle of Longewala"

During the Battle of Longewala, 'A' company (reinforced), 23rd Battalion, with about 120 soldiers, survived an assault by a Brigade of the Pakistani Army. The battle was fought at the desert border post of Longewala. The unit fought during the last three hours of the night of December 5th, 1971 unsupported as the Indian Air Force aircraft did not have night attack capabilities. The company commander, Major (later Brigadier) Kuldip Singh Chandpuri, was decorated with the Maha Vir Chakra, the second highest gallantry award in India.

Regimental Insignia

The regiment is perhaps the only infantry insignia of a naval vessel, a Galley, anywhere. It was awarded to 69th Punjabis (later 2 Punjab) in recognition of the readiness to serve overseas, after the battalion had fought in eight overseas campaigns by 1824.

In Fiction

;Films
* "Border", a 1997 Bollywood film directed by J.P.Dutta, depicts the Battle of Longewala.
* "Lakshya", a Bollywood film depicting the Kargil War, places the protagonist as a Captain in the Punjab Regt.

References

* [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/Army/Regiments/Punjab.html Punjab Regiment on Bharat-Rakshak.com]
* [http://regiments.org/regiments/southasia/inf-pak/punjab.htm regiments.org]
* [http://www.pakdef.info/pakmilitary/army/regiments/1punjabreg.html Pakdef.info]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Punjab Regiment — may refer to the following existing units: *Punjab Regiment (India) *Punjab Regiment (Pakistan)From 1922 to 1947, the British Indian Army included the following Punjab Regiments:*1st Punjab Regiment *2nd Punjab Regiment *14th Punjab Regiment,… …   Wikipedia

  • Punjab Regiment (Pakistan) — The Punjab Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Pakistan Army.The Army‘s most senior fighting arm is the Punjab Regiment. In fact, two battalions of the Punjab Regiment are the oldest in the sub continent, with foundation dates as early as… …   Wikipedia

  • Parachute Regiment (India) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Parachute Regiment caption=The Parachute Regiment dates= 1945 Present country= India allegiance= branch= Army type= Parachute infantry role=Airborne Infantry//Special Forces size=10 Battalions command structure=… …   Wikipedia

  • 14th Punjab Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 14th Punjab Regiment abbreviation= caption= dates= 1922 1947 country= British India allegiance= British Crown branch= British Indian Army type= Infantry role= size= command structure= equipment= Past Commanders=… …   Wikipedia

  • 1st Punjab Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=1st Punjab Regiment caption= dates= 1922 1947 country= British India allegiance= branch= British Indian Army type= Infantry role= size= command structure= garrison= garrison label=Regimental Centre equipment=… …   Wikipedia

  • 2nd Punjab Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=2nd Punjab Regiment caption=Regimental Insignia of the Punjab Regiment dates= 1922 1947 country= India allegiance= branch= British Indian Army type= Infantry role= size= command structure= garrison=Mooltan (1923… …   Wikipedia

  • 8th Punjab Regiment — The 8th Punjab Regiment was a regiment of the British Indian Army from 1923 to 1946 and the Partition of India. During the partition, the 8th Punjab Regiment was allocated to Pakistan. The 8th Punjab Regiment had its origins in the Madras Army; 6 …   Wikipedia

  • 16th Punjab Regiment (Pakistan) — The 16th Punjab Regiment was a regiment of the British Indian Army and then later of the Pakistan Army. It s lineage goes back to the 3rd Battalion of Coast Sepoys formed in 1759. HistoryIt was formed on March 1, 1922 as:* 1st Battalion, formed… …   Wikipedia

  • Regiment — A regiment is a military unit, composed of a variable number of battalions – commanded by a Colonel. Depending on the nation, military branch, mission, and organization, a modern regiment resembles a brigade, in that both range in size from a few …   Wikipedia

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium