- Beit Ur al-Fauqa
Infobox Palestinian Authority muni
name= Beit Ur al-Fauqa
arname=بيت عور الفوقا
meaning="Upper house of straw"
altOffSp= Bayt ’Ur al-Fauqa
altUnoSp=Beit ’Ur al-Foqa
Beit Ur al-Fauqa ( _ar. بيت عور الفوقا) is a
Palestiniantown located in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governoratein the northern West Bank, 14 kilometers West of Ramallahand 3 kilometer southeast of the Beit Ur al-Tahta. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, it had a population of approximately 927 in mid-year 2006 [ [http://www.pcbs.gov.ps/Portals/_pcbs/populati/pop07.aspx Projected Mid -Year Population for Ramallah & Al Bireh Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006] Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics(PCBS)]
The two Palestinian villages of "Beit Ur al-Fauqa"Alternate English transliterations use "Bayt" for "Beit", "Ur" for "'Ur", "el" for "al" and "Fauqa", "Fawka" for, "Foqa", and in any combination thereof.] ( _ar. بيت عور الفوقة, "Upper house of straw") and "
Beit Ur al-Tahta"Alternate English transliterations for "al-Tahta" include "et-Tahta", "el-Tahta", and "at-Tahta".] ( _ar. بيت عور التحتى, "Lower house of straw") preserve part of the original Canaanitename for the towns,cite web|title=Bethoron (Bayt Ur)|author=Eugenio Alliata|publisher=Studium Biblicum Franciscanum|date=2000-12-19|accessdate=2007-09-12|url=http://188.8.131.52/www1/ofm/mad/discussion/062discuss.html] and have been identified as the sites of Upper and Lower Bethoron.cite journal|title=The Canaanite God Horon|author=John Gray|journal="Journal of Near Eastern Studies"|volume=Vol. 8, No. 1|date=January 1949|pages=27–34|accessdate=2007-09-12|url=http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-2968(194901)8%3A1%3C27%3ATCGH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1 ] Archaeological finds indicate that the Lower town was established before the Upper one; potsherds from the Late Bronze Ageonward were discovered at Lower Beit Ur, those potsherds found in Upper Beit Ur date only from the Iron Ageonward. It was in the ravines near Beth Horon that the 12th Legion under Cestius Galluswas destroyed in 66CE at the start of the Great Jewish Revolt. [Rome and Jerusalem; The Clash of Ancient Civilizations Martin Goodman 2007 p 14.]
The two villages crown two hilltops, less than two miles apart (with Beit Ur al-Fauqa some 245 Meters higher than Beit Ur al-Tahta) along Route 443, the biblical way of Beth Horon. For many centuries the towns occupying their sites dominated one of the most historic roads in history. The ridge way of Beth Horon climbs from the plain of
Ajalon(the modern Yalo) to Beit Ur al Tachta at 370 meters; it then carries along the ridge, with valleys lying either side, north and south, before reaching Beit Ur al Fauqa at 616 meters. The ridge continues for another 8 kilometers arriving at the plateau to the North of al Jib ( Gibeon).
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