Kana


Kana

Infobox Writing system
name=Kana
type=Syllabary
languages=Japanese, Okinawan and Ainu
fam1=Chinese
fam2=Oracle Bone Script
fam3=Seal Script
fam4=Clerical Script
fam5=Chinese characters
fam6=Kanji
time=~800 C.E. to the present
iso15924=Hrkt

Kana is a general term for the syllabic Japanese scripts hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ) as well as the old system known as man'yōgana. These were developed from the logographic characters of Chinese origin known in Japan as Kanji ( _ja. 漢字; Chinese pronunciation "hànzì"), as an alternative and adjunct to these latter.

In addition, kana were borrowed into Taiwanese to indicate the pronunciation of Chinese characters like furigana during the Japanese occupation of Taiwan. See Taiwanese kana.

Hiragana and katakana

There is also a small "Katakana Phonetic Extensions" range (U+31F0 ... U+31FF), which includes some extra characters for writing the Ainu language.

See also

*Gojūon
*Romaji
*Transliteration and Transcription
*Historical kana usage
*Man'yōgana
*Hentaigana

External links

* [http://www.realkana.com/ Real Kana] Practice hiragana and katakana using different typefaces.
* [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/japanese_hiragana.htm Origin of Hiragana]
* [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/japanese_katakana.htm Origin of Katakana]
* [http://www.j-talk.com/nihongo/ Change Kanji into Romaji and Hiragana]
* [http://www.qbit.it/lab/kana/ Kana web translator] - Transliterate Kana to Rōmaji
* [http://brng.jp/50renshuu.pdf Kana Copybook (PDF)]
* [http://choplair.org/?en/Kana_no_quiz Kana no quiz] Free/libre and cross-platform educational software to memorize Japanese kana pronouncing & transcription.
* [http://www.japancalligraphy.eu/kana/ Japanese calligraphy. Kana]
* [http://www.kanaquest.com/ KanaQuest] Memorize Japanese words and kana with multiple quizzes.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kana — kana …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Kana — Evolución del hiragana a partir de caracteres chinos Tipo Silabario Idiomas Japonés …   Wikipedia Español

  • kana — ● kana nom masculin Signe de l écriture japonaise, à valeur syllabique. (Il existe deux systèmes de kana : le hiragana, qui sert à noter les formants grammaticaux, et le katakana, qui sert à transcrire les mots empruntés aux langues étrangères… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kana — ist: Kana (Galiläa), eine Ortschaft der Bibel nahe Nazaret Kana (Libanon), ein Dorf in Libanon Kana (Lykaonien), eine antike Stadt in Lykaonien mit Bischofssitz Sammelbezeichnung für die japanischen Schriften Hiragana, Katakana, Hentaigana und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Káňa — ist der Name folgender Personen: Jan Káňa (* 1990), tschechischer Eishockeyspieler Tomáš Káňa (* 1987), tschechischer Eishockeyspieler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kana — (a. Geogr.), Ort des Stammes Sebulon in Galiläa, unweit Kapernaum; hier verrichtete Jesus bei einer Hochzeit seiner Verwandten sein erstes Wunder, indem er Wasser in Wein verwandelte; noch zeigt man das Haus, wo dies geschah, in dem Dorfe Kefer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kana — Kana, Flecken in Galiläa, bekannt durch die »Hochzeit von K.« (Joh. 2); wahrscheinlich das heutige Kana el Dschelil in der Ebene Battauf …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • kana — KÁNA s.f. invar. Semn silabic în scrierea japoneză. (cf. fr. kana < cuv. jap.) Trimis de tavi, 13.07.2004. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • kana — kȁna ž <G mn kȃnā> DEFINICIJA 1. bot. biljni rod (Canna) iz porodice Cannaceae, s oko 50 tropskih vrsta; pojedine vrste imaju gomoljaste škrobnate dijelove i služe za hranu 2. grm tropskih krajeva (Lawsonia inermis) iz porodice vrbica,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kana — Kȁna (Galilèjskā) ž DEFINICIJA pov. drevni grad u Galileji gdje je prema evanđelju Isus na svadbi pretvorio vodu u vino; danas Kafr Kana …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • kana ko — kana kõ adv. kažin ko, kažin kodėl: Kana kõ dėdė negėrė alaus, musėk, nepatiko jam J …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.