- MT Vector
The "Vector" was an
oil tankerchartered by Caltex Philippines, now Chevron that collided with MV "Doña Paz" on December 20, 1987at Tablas Strait between the islands of Mindoro and Tablas, killing 4,341.
M/T "Vector", owned by Vector Shipping, Inc., at that time was on a charter voyage for Caltex Philippines, now Chevron. [ [http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=122670 Strings of Maritime Tragedies] ]
'scargo ignited and caused a fire that rapidly spread onto the "Doña Paz", which sank within minutes. Two of the 13 crew members aboard the "Vector" survived but all 58 crew of the "Doña Paz" died. The official death toll on the ferry is 1,565, although some reports claim that the ferry was overcrowded and that the true death toll is over 4,000. The ships would put the death toll at 4,375 although admitting that only 1,568 were on the manifest (still more than the licensed maximum of 1,518). The 21 (or 24) survivors from the ferry had to swim, as there was no time to launch lifeboats. [http://www.supremecourt.gov.ph/jurisprudence/1999/sept99/131166.htm "Caltex Phil Inc vs Sulpicio Lines Inc : 131166 : September 30, 1999 : J. Pardo : First Division"] ]
An inquiry later revealed that the crew of the "Vector" was underqualified and that the boat's license had expired.
Details of the collision between M/V "Doña Paz" & M/T "Vector"
On December 19, 1987, motor tanker MT "Vector" left
Limay, Bataan, at about 8:00 p.m., en route to Masbate, loaded with 8,800 barrels of petroleum products shipped by petitioner Caltex. MT "Vector" is a tramping motor tanker owned and operated by Vector Shipping Corporation, engaged in the business of transporting fuel products such as gasoline, kerosene, diesel and crude oil. During that particular voyage, the MT "Vector" carried on board gasoline and other oil products owned by Caltexby virtue of a charter contractbetween them.
On December 20, 1987, at about 6:30 a.m., the passenger ship MV "Doña Paz" left the port of
Taclobanheaded for Manilawith a complement of 59 crew members including the master and his officers, and passengers totaling 1,493 as indicated in the Coast GuardClearance. The MV "Doña Paz" is a passenger and cargo vessel owned and operated by Sulpicio Lines, Inc. plying the route of Manila/ Tacloban/ Catbalogan/ Manila/ Catbalogan/ Tacloban/ Manila, making trips twice a week.
At about 10:30 p.m. of December 20, 1987, the two vessels collided in the open sea within the vicinity of
Dumali Pointbetween Marinduqueand Oriental Mindoro. All the crewmembers of MV "Doña Paz" died, while the two survivors from MT "Vector" claimed that they were sleeping at the time of the incident.
As the two vessels collided, MT "Vector"'s cargo of fuel and oil was set ablaze and spilled into the surrounding waters, causing much of the deaths of the crew and passengers of both ships.
The MV "Doña Paz" carried an estimated 4,000 passengers; many indeed, were not in the passenger manifest. Only 24 survived the tragedy after having been rescued from the burning waters by vessels that responded to distress calls. [Decision, Court of Appeals, dated April 15, 1997, Rollo, pp. 54-75.]
Among those who perished were public school teacher Sebastian Cañezal (47 years old) and his daughter Corazon Cañezal (11 years old), both unmanifested passengers but proved to be on board the vessel.
Vector Shipping was found liable for the crash, while the parent company, Caltex was absolved of responsibility. In a judgement on
July 24, 2008, The Supreme Court of the Philippinesabsolved Caltex Philippines (now Chevron) from any liability in the collision between MV "Doña Paz" and MT "Vector". The decision affirmed the Court of Appeals' ruling against Vector Shipping and its owner Francisco Soriano. [ [http://www.gmanews.tv/story/109102/SC-absolves-Caltex-in-MV-Doña-Paz-tragedy gmanews.tv/story, SC absolves Caltex in MV "Doña Paz" tragedy] ] "Vector" was ordered to reimburse and indemnify Sulpicio Lines Php 800,000.00. This was the total amount due the Macasa family whose kin were among the passengers of MV "Doña Paz". [ [http://www.gmanews.tv/story/109102/SC-absolves-Caltex-in-MV-Doña-Paz-tragedy gmanews.tv/story, SC absolves Caltex in MV "Doña Paz" tragedy] ] The Court ruled that "MT "Vector" was unseaworthy at the time of the accident and that its negligence was the cause of the collision that led to the sinking of the Sulpicio vessel." [ [http://www.supremecourt.gov.ph/news/courtnews%20flash/2008/07/07250801.php supremecourt.gov.ph, Vector Shipping Ordered to Pay Sulpicio Lines for 1987 Maritime Tragedy] ]
List of shipwrecks in 1987
* [http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/ships/html/sh_027900_donapaz.htm Ships of the World Article]
* [http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/content_pages/record.asp?recordid=43915 Guinness Records Article]
* [http://research.dnv.com/skj/Fsahla/Annex1.pdf DNV Annex 1 Passenger vessel Evacuation descriptions P36]
* [http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=122670 Strings of Maritime Tragedies]
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