Hickory, North Carolina


Hickory, North Carolina

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hickory, North Carolina
settlement_type = City
nickname = HKY, 828
website = http://www.hickorygov.com


imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = Counties
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = North Carolina
subdivision_name2 = Catawba, Burke, Caldwell
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = G. Rudy Wright, Jr.
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1870
area_magnitude = 1 E7
area_total_sq_mi = 28.1
area_land_sq_mi = 28.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
area_water_percent =
area_total_km2 = 72.7
area_land_km2 = 72.7
area_water_km2 = 0.0
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 40,583
population_metro = 341851
population_urban = 187,808
population_density_km2 = 512.0
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_ft = 1148
latd = 35 |latm = 44 |lats = 16 |latNS = N
longd = 81 |longm = 19 |longs = 42 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 362
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 28601-28603
area_code = 828
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 37-31060GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0986686GR|3
footnotes =

Hickory is a city in Burke, Caldwell, and Catawba counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Hickory has the 162nd largest urban area in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a Metropolitan Statistical Area population of 341,851, making it the 4th largest metropolitan area in North Carolina. The city's population was 37,222 at the 2000 census. The MSA, which includes Alexander, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba counties, is often referred to as the "Unifour," although this name is largely unknown outside the region.

History

In the 1790s, a tavern was built in the northwest section of Catawba County. This area became known as Hickory Tavern. This name remained intact for almost 100 years. The city of Hickory was incorporated in 1870.

In 1868, Dr. Jeremiah Ingold, pastor of the German Reformed Grace Charge, established Hickory's first school, the Free Academy. [ [http://corinthtoday.org/about/history/ Our History ] ]

In 1891, [http://lrc.edu Lenoir-Rhyne University] (then Highland Academy) was founded by four Lutheran pastors with 12 initial students. [http://www.lrc.edu/history.htm Lenoir-Rhyne University History]

Hickory is also home to one of the oldest furniture manufacturers in the United States that is still located and operated on the original site. Hickory White, formerly known as Hickory Manufacturing Company, was built in 1902 and has been in continuous operation ever since. During World War II, the factory made ammo boxes for the U.S. Military instead of furniture.

Hickory was known in the years after World War II for the "Miracle of Hickory." In 1944 the area around Hickory (the Catawba Valley) became the center of one of the worst outbreaks of polio ever recorded. Residents who were then children recall summers of not being allowed to play outside or visit friends for fear of contracting the disease. Since local facilities were inadequate to treat the victims, the citizens of Hickory and the March of Dimes decided to build a hospital to care for the children of the region. From the time the decision was made until equipment, doctors, and patients were in a new facility, took less than 54 hours. Several more buildings were quickly added. A Red Cross official on the scene praised the project "as the most outstanding example of cooperative effort he has ever seen." (Hickory Daily Record, June 30, 1944) Although few good references are available online, an interesting side to this story is found [http://www.wfu.edu/~gillesmk/SHOPtalk/Zuber.pdf here] .

Geography

Hickory is located at coor dms|35|44|16|N|81|19|42|W|city (35.737682, -81.328372)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.1 square miles (72.7 km²), of which, 28.1 square miles (72.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04% is water.

Economy

The Hickory area is home to many leading manufacturers of furniture and fiber optic cable. It is estimated that 60% of the nation's furniture is produced within a convert|200|mi|km|sing=on radius of Hickory. But, that was before most of those factories moved to China. Forty percent of the world's fiber optic cable is made in the Hickory area. [ [http://www.hickorygov.com/history/hickoryregional.html Hickory's Regional Role As Leader] from hickorygov.com]

Education

Colleges and Universities

* Catawba Valley Community College
* Lenoir-Rhyne University
* HMHEC - Higher education center hosting regional universities' programs

Public Schools

* Catawba County Schools
* Hickory Public Schools
* Newton-Conover City Schools

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 37,222 people, 15,372 households, and 9,361 families residing in the city. There were 16,571 housing units at an average density of 640.4/sq mi (227.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.23% White, 14.09% Black, 0.19% Native American, 3.90% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.69% of the population.

There were 15,372 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,236, and the median income for a family was $47,522. Males had a median income of $31,486 versus $23,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,263. About 8.4% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

364,759 people live within convert|25|mi|km of Hickory; 1.8 million people within convert|50|mi|km of Hickory. [ [http://www.hickorygov.com City of Hickory ] ]

Media

* Local daily community bulletin board is the [http://www.hickoryrecord.com/ Hickory Daily Record] .
* Free weekly entertainment tabloid: [http://www.focusnewspaper.com/ Focus Newspaper] .
* [http://www.whky.com/ WHKY] , 1290 AM, local radio station.
* Local television station is WHKY-TV, channel 14.

Notable residents

The following notable people are or have been residents of the Hickory area:
* James Best - actor
* Daniel Johnson, recipient of the Navy/Marine Corps Medal and candidate for Congress
* Scott Talbert - Noted Astrophysicist and Innovator in the Field of Robotics
* Matthew Settle - actor
* Jim Shumate - fiddler, Bluegrass music pioneer
* Wally Travis - FIFA legend
* Pauletta Pearson Washington - Denzel Washington's wife
* John Reep The Hemi Guy, 2007 Winner of "Last Comic Standing"
* Dunn Williams UF Graduate and Syndicated Columnist and Author

ister cities

The Western Piedmont region, including Hickory, is sister city to Altenburg, Germany. [ [http://www.wpcog.org/sistercity/info.htm Western Piedmont Sister Cities Association] ]

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.hickory.nc.us/ Official website of Hickory, NC]
*
* [http://www.catawbachamber.org/ Catawba County Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.catawbahistory.org/ Catawba County Historical Association]
* [http://www.catawba.k12.nc.us/ Catawba County Public Schools]
* [http://www.hickoryschools.net/default.aspx Hickory Public Schools]
* [http://www.nccs.k12.nc.us/ Newton-Conover City Schools]


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