- St. Mary's Abbey, Winchester
St. Mary's Abbey was a
Benedictine nunneryin Winchester, Hampshire. It was founded at the close of the ninth centuryby Alfred the Greatand his queen Eahlswith. The first buildings were completed by their son, Edward the Elder. The first abbesswas Edward's daughter Edburga. After Alfred's death Queen Eahlswith retired to the monastery.
963Bishop Ethelwold refounded the monastery and re-endowed it, imposing the stricter Benedictine rule.
The house stood between High Street and Colebroke Street and was known as "Nunnaminster". According to the
Domesday Bookthe abbess held Lyss, Froyle, Leckford Abbess, Long Stoke, Timsbury, and Ovingtonin Hampshire; Coleshillin Berkshire; and Urchfontand All Canningsin Wiltshire. During the Civil War the monastery was burnt in the great fire of Winchester in 1141. The house became impoverished during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, but thanks to various grants and concessions it recovered its position and was in a healthy state at the time of the suppression.
The house was
suppressedas part of the Dissolution of the Monasteriesin 1539, with pensions granted to the abbess, prioressand nuns.
Considerable remains of the buildings survived into the seventeenth century, but only certain watercourses survive into the present.
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=38096 "A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 2", The Victoria County History 1973]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
St Mary's Abbey, Winchester — Coordinates: 51°03′39″N 1°18′34″W / 51.0608°N 1.3095°W / 51.0608; 1.3095 St. Mary s Abbey, also known as … Wikipedia
St. Mary's Abbey — St Mary s Abbey may refer to:* St. Mary s Abbey, Dublin * St. Mary s Abbey, Engelthal * St. Mary s Abbey, Fulda * St. Mary s Abbey, Glencairn * St Mary s Abbey, Leiston * St Mary s Abbey, Thetford * St. Mary s Abbey, Winchester * St Mary s Abbey … Wikipedia
Mary I of England — Mary I Queen Mary by Hans Eworth Queen of England and Ireland (more...) Reign … Wikipedia
Winchester — For the larger local government district, see City of Winchester. For other uses, see Winchester (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°03′48″N 1°18′31″W / … Wikipedia
Mayor of Winchester — The Office of Mayor of Winchester is the second oldest mayoralty in England, dating back to the period when Winchester was the capital of Wessex and England. The Mayor of Winchester thus stands second only to the Lord Mayor of the City of London… … Wikipedia
Beaulieu Abbey — Infobox monastery name = Beaulieu Abbey caption = The cloister and refectory of Beaulieu Abbey seen from the west range full = The Abbey Church of St Mary, Bellus Locus Regis (Latin: The beautiful place of the king ) other names = Beaulieu Abbey… … Wikipedia
Netley Abbey — This article is about the ruins of the abbey in Netley, Hampshire, England. For the village sometimes known as Netley Abbey, see Netley. Netley Abbey Ruins of the church at Netley Abbey Monastery information Full Name … Wikipedia
Westminster Abbey — For other uses, see Westminster Abbey (disambiguation). Westminster Abbey The Abbey s western façade Location: City of Westminst … Wikipedia
Crowland Abbey — Croyland Abbey Croyland Abbey Denomination Church of England Churchmanship Broad Church Website … Wikipedia
St Augustine's Abbey — For other uses, see St Augustine s Abbey (disambiguation). Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine s Abbey, and St. Martin s Church * UNESCO World Heritage Site … Wikipedia