- St. Elizabeth's flood (1421)
The St. Elizabeth's flood of 1421 was a
floodingof an area in what is now the Netherlands. It takes its name from the feast day of Saint Elisabeth of Hungarywhich was formerly November 19.
During the night of
November 18to November 19 1421a heavy storm near the North Seacoast caused the dikes to break in a number of places and the lower lying polderland was flooded. A number of villages were swallowed by the flood and were lost, causing either 2,000 or 10,000 casualties. The dike breaks and floods caused widespread devastation in Zeelandand Holland. This flood separated the cities of Geertruidenbergand Dordrechtwhich had previously fought against each other during the Hook and Cod (civil) wars.
Most of the area remained flooded for several decades. Reclaimed parts are the Island of
Dordrecht, the Hoeksche Waardisland, and north-western North Brabant(around Geertruidenberg). Most of the Biesboscharea has been flooded since.
The cause of the flood was not a
spring tidelike in the great flood of 1953(see North Sea flood of 1953), but water from the storm in the North Sea surged up the rivers causing the dikes to overflow and break through.
St. Elizabeth's flood (1404)
Floods in the Netherlands
*list of disasters
*dispute between Geertruidenberg and Dordrecht
* [http://www.deltawerken.com/St.-Elizabeth-floods-(1404,-1421)/303.html Deltawerken.com recounting]
* [http://www.rijksmuseum.nl/aria/aria_assets/SK-A-3147-B?lang=en Rijksmuseum brief description]
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См. также в других словарях:
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