Royal Horse Artillery


Royal Horse Artillery

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Royal Horse Artillery


caption=Cypher of the Royal Horse Artillery
dates=1 February 1793-Present
country=United Kingdom
branch=Army
type=Horse Artillery
role=King's Troop - Ceremonial
1 Regiment - Field Artillery
3 Regiment - Field Artillery
7 Regiment - Airmobile Artillery
size=Four Regiments
command_structure=Royal Artillery
current_commander=
garrison=King's Troop - London
1 Regiment - Tidworth
3 Regiment - Hohne, Germany
7 Regiment - Colchester
ceremonial_chief=HM The Queen
ceremonial_chief_label=Captain General, Royal Artillery
colonel_of_the_regiment=General Sir Alex Harley, KBE, CB
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=Colonel Commandant
nickname=
motto=
colors=
identification_symbol=
identification_symbol_label=Tactical Recognition Flash
identification_symbol_2=
identification_symbol_2_label=Sleeve Badge
march=
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=
The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) is a regiment in the British Army. "A" and "B" Troops of the Royal Horse Artillery were raised in January 1793 at Goodwood in Sussex by the 3rd Duke of Richmond, who was Master-General of Ordnance, to provide fire support for the cavalry. They were joined by two more troops in November 1793. All RHA personnel were mounted - a departure from the prevailing British practice under which the guns were served and drawn by different groups, which restricted tactical mobility.

Today, the RHA is operationally part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (Royal Artillery) order of battle; there are currently four separate regiments that wear the cypher (cap badge) of the RHA:
*King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery is primarily a ceremonial unit and uses vintage 13-pounder guns for firing salutes. However, it also has an operational role as part of the territorial defence of the United Kingdom. The King’s Troop is located in St John's Wood, convenient for firing gun salutes in Hyde Park.
*1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
*3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery (The Liverpool and Manchester Gunners)
**Both 1RHA and 3RHA are armed principally with the AS90 155-mm armoured self-propelled gun.
*7th (Parachute) Regiment Royal Horse Artillery - this was formed in 1962 from the 33rd Parachute Light Regiment Royal Artillery and served until 1977 as the artillery regiment of 16th Parachute Brigade. After a spell in Germany as a non-airborne unit, it returned to Aldershot where it joined 5th Airborne Brigade and once again assumed the airmobile role. It is currently part of 16th Air Assault Brigade based in Colchester, armed with the L118 105-mm light gun which is air-droppable from the C-130 Hercules.

Within the Royal Artillery structure, posting between the RA and the RHA is fairly common. However, the Royal Horse Artillery regiments are perceived as élite, and a posting to an RHA unit is regarded as a significant career advancement.

The Royal Horse Artillery has provided the Queen's Guard on three occasions:
*1 RHA - January 1979
*7 RHA - March 1989
*King's Troop - April 2007

The King's Troop provides the Queen's Life Guard in Whitehall for three weeks in August each year while the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment goes away for summer training.

Affiliations

*CAN - Royal Canadian Horse Artillery

Order of Precedence

When on parade with its guns, the Royal Horse Artillery takes precedence over every other regiment and corps in the British Army, and parades at the right of the line. Otherwise, it immediately follows the Household Cavalry.

External links

* [http://www2.army.mod.uk/kingstprha/ King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery] (Official MoD page)
* [http://www2.army.mod.uk/1rha/history.htm 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery] (Official MoD page)
* [http://www2.army.mod.uk/3rha/index.htm 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery] (Official MoD page)
* [http://www2.army.mod.uk/7pararha/ 7th Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery] (Official MoD page)
* [http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/British_artillery.htm Royal Artillery of the Napoleonic Wars]


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