Revenue Act of 1864


Revenue Act of 1864

The Internal Revenue Act of 1864, 13 Stat. 223 (June 30, 1864), increased the income tax rates established by the Internal Revenue Act of 1862. The measure was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln.

Provisions

Section 116 of the Act imposed the tax on "the gains, profits, and income of every person residing in the United States, or of any citizen of the United States residing abroad, whether derived from any kind of property, rents, interest, dividends, or salaries, or from any profession, trade, employment, or vocation, carried on in the United States or elsewhere, or from any other source whatever [ . . . ] " [Revenue Act of 1864, 13 Stat. 223, sec. 116 (June 30, 1864).]

The measure created a third tax bracket and increased taxes overall from the rates set in 1862. Tax brackets under the Act were as follows:

* 5%: from $600 to 5,000
* 7.5%: from $5,000 to $10,000
* 10%: $10,000 and above

In addition to raising income tax rates, the act established stamp taxes on such items as matches and photographs.

This act was allowed to expire as the populace mainly viewed it as an emergency measure for war-time situations. The Act ultimately expired in 1873 in the face of increased deficit spending. Congress readdressed reform of the tax law in 1893, eventually passing the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act of 1894.

Notes


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