- Prussian Guelders
Prussian Guelders or Prussian G(u)elderland ( _nl. Pruisisch Gelre; _de. Preußisch Geldern) was the part of the
Duchy of Gueldersruled by the Kingdom of Prussiafrom 1713. Its capital was Geldern.
The Upper Quarter of the Duchy of Guelders was part of the Spanish-ruled
Southern Netherlandsby the end of the 17th century. In the 1713 Treaty of Utrechtduring the War of the Spanish Succession, the Upper Quarter was partitioned between the Dutch Republic(vicinity of Roermond), Austria (vicinity of Venlo), and Prussia. Besides Geldern, other towns in the Prussian duchy were Horst, Venray, and Viersen, the latter of which was an exclavesurrounded by the Duchy of Jülich. Prussian Guelders was part of the Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circlewithin the Holy Roman Empire.
Prussian Guelders was occupied by
Revolutionary Francein 1794 and later annexed into the First French Empireas part of the Roer Department. After the Napoleonic Wars, the German regions, such as Geldern and Viersen, were made part of the new Prussian province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, while the Dutch regions became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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