Eagle Pass, Texas

Eagle Pass, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Eagle Pass, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =

imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Eagle Pass


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Eagle Pass, Texas

mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Maverick

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor}
leader_name = Chad Foster
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 19.2
area_land_km2 = 19.2
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 7.4
area_land_sq_mi = 7.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 22413
population_density_km2 = 1170.0
population_density_sq_mi = 3030.3

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 223
elevation_ft = 732
latd = 28 |latm = 42 |lats = 38 |latNS = N
longd = 100 |longm = 29 |longs = 22 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 78852-78853
area_code = 830
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-21892GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1356538GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Eagle Pass is a city in Maverick County, Texas, United States. The population was 22,413 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Maverick County.GR|6

Eagle Pass borders the city of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, to the south across the Rio Grande. The Eagle Pass-Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area (EG-PN) is one of six bi-national metropolitan areas along the United States-Mexican border. As of January 2008 (United States Census, 2008), the Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population is 48,401 people, and the Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area's population is 169,771.

Eagle Pass history

Eagle Pass was the first United States settlement on the Rio Grande. Originally known as Camp Eagle Pass, it served as a temporary outpost for the Texas militia, which had been ordered to stop illegal trade with Mexico during the Mexican-American War.Texas Transportation Commission, "Texas State Travel Guide, 2008", p. 232]

The United States Army established the presumably permanent Fort Duncan on March 27, 1849, a couple of miles upstream from Camp Eagle Pass. The building of the fort was supervised by Captain Sidney Burbank. It was named for Colonel James Duncan, a hero of the Mexican War. After the war, trade flourished under the protection of the fort. The fort was near the trail of westward immigration to California. It also served as an outpost against hostile Apache. It was abandoned and reopened several times. In March 1860, it served as the base of operations against the border assaults arranged by Juan N. Cortina.Texas Historical Commission, historical marker at Fort Duncan, Eagle Pass, Texas, 1970]

Fort Duncan was held by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. On July 4, 1865, General Joseph Orville Shelby, en route to offer his troops' service to Maximilian in Mexico, stopped at Fort Duncan and buried in the Rio Grande the last Confederate flag to have flown over his men. In 1870, Colonel William R. Shafter trained Seminole and African American scouts at Fort Duncan. After several decades of deactivation, Fort Duncan was activated as a training camp during World War I. In 1938, the City of Eagle Pass acquired the fort and still operates a museum and a children's library at the site.

In 1850, Rick Pawless opened a trading post called Eagle Pass. In 1871, Maverick County was established, and Eagle Pass was named the county seat. During the remainder of the 1800s schools and churches opened, the mercantile and ranching industries grew, and a railway was built.

General William Leslie Cazneau (1807-1876) founded the Eagle Pass townsite in the 1840s. [Handbook of Texas Online]

Eagle Pass today

Eagle Pass City Hall today is located near the base of the International Bridge. Across from City Hall is a small monument adjacent to a gazebo which commemorates the police officers of Eagle Pass and surrounding communities who have died in the line of duty. Much of the small business growth of the new century has been toward the southern portion of the city off Texas State Highway 375, or Bibb Street.

Sportsmen enjoy fishing for the large Rio Grande catfish and hunting for white-tailed deer and upland game birds. Eight miles south of Eagle Pass is the 125-acre reservation for the Kickapoo Indians. The tribe operates the Lucky Eagle Casino along with restaurants.

A local grocery store in this city released the book, "Breaking Dawn", early. The book is the fourth installment in the "Twilight" series by Stephenie Meyer.


Eagle Pass has been sued by the U.S. government for access to land to construct a border fence between the Unites States and Mexico. [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,323191,00.html Texas City Ordered to Turn Over Land to Feds for Border Fence Construction] , January 16, 2008]


Eagle Pass is located at coor dms|28|42|38|N|100|29|22|W|city (28.710622, -100.489331).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19.2 km²), of which, 7.4 square miles (19.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.40%) is water.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2006, there were 24,847 people, 6,925 households, and 5,588 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,030.3 people per square mile (1,169.4/km²). There were 7,613 housing units at an average density of 1,029.3/sq mi (397.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 2.73% White, 0.27% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 22.71% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 94.90% of the population.

There were 6,925 households out of which 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.69.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,623, and the median income for a family was $27,140. Males had a median income of $26,350 versus $17,346 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,414. About 26.0% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 39.1% of those age 65 or over.

Eagle Pass lies in Maverick County, the ninth poorest county in the United States. The poverty is attributed to dependence of the community on employment in the public sector.


Eagle Pass is served by the Eagle Pass Independent School District. The district comprises roughly fourteen elementary schools, two junior high schools and two high schools which compete in UIL academics and sports.

The community is also served by branches of Sul Ross University in Alpine, in the form of [http://rgc.sulross.edu/ Rio Grande College] , and [http://www.swtjc.net/ Southwest Texas Junior College] in Uvalde.

HVDC-back-to-back station

In 2000, as part of the power exchange between Texas and Mexico, a HVDC facility equipped with IGBTs was built. This facility, built by ABB, operates at a bipolar voltage of 15.9 kV and has a maximum transfer rate of 36 megawatts. [ [http://www.abb.com/cawp/GAD02181/C1256D71001E0037C1256A14004144FB.aspx? a U.S./Mexico HVDC Light link] ]


:"See also Piedras Negras-Eagle Pass Tornadoes"On April 24, 2007, at 7:00 p.m CST, a tornado tore through Eagle Pass and caused loss of life and property damage. The community was paralyzed for more than week.Fact|date=May 2007

Eagle Pass gallery

ee also

*Camino Real International Bridge
*Union Pacific International Railroad Bridge


External links

* [http://www.cityofeaglepass.com/ City Eagle Pass, Texas Official Site]
* [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/EE/hee1.html Handbook of Texas Online article]
* [http://www.swtexaslive.com/november2006/foster Eagle Pass Mayor Chad Foster explains why Eagle Pass is growing]
* [http://www.swtexaslive.com/november2006/aranda Maverick County Judge Pepe Aranda on the Growth of Eagle Pass]
* [http://www.swtexaslive.com/november2006/kickapoo A Day with the Kickapoo, and Indian tribe with a reservation near Eagle Pass]
* [http://www.piedras-negras.com Our Sister City of Piedras Negras, Mexico]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eagle Pass (Texas) — Eagle Pass Maverick County Courthouse, gelistet im NRHP mit der Nr. 80004141[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eagle Pass (Texas) — 28° 42′ 38″ N 100° 29′ 22″ W / 28.710556, 100.489444 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eagle Pass — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ubicación de Eagle Pass en Texas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eagle Pass Independent School District — is a public school district based in Eagle Pass, Texas (USA). The district s boundaries parallel that of Maverick County.choolsHigh Schools*Grades 9 12 **Eagle Pass High School **C.C. Winn High SchoolMiddle Schools*Grades 7 8 **Eagle Pass Junior… …   Wikipedia

  • Eagle Pass — steht für: Eagle Pass (British Columbia), 550 Meter hoher Gebirgspass in den Rocky Mountains Eagle Pass (Texas), Stadt in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eagle Pass — Eagle Pass, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 22413 Housing Units (2000): 7613 Land area (2000): 7.396291 sq. miles (19.156304 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.032659 sq. miles (0.084587 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.428950 sq. miles (19.240891 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Eagle Pass, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 22413 Housing Units (2000): 7613 Land area (2000): 7.396291 sq. miles (19.156304 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.032659 sq. miles (0.084587 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.428950 sq. miles (19.240891 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Eagle Pass — may refer to: Populated Places: *Eagle Pass, a city in Texas.Other: *Eagle Pass, a mountain pass located in British Columbia …   Wikipedia

  • Eagle Pass — a city in S Texas, on the Rio Grande. 21,407. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, seat (1856) of Maverick county, southwestern Texas, U.S., on the Rio Grande, bridged to Piedras Negras, Mexico, 130 miles (210 km) southwest of San Antonio. It …   Universalium

  • Eagle Pass — city, SW Texas 78852; pop. 20,651 …   Webster's Gazetteer

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