- John Sweetman
John Sweetman (9 August 1844 – 8 September 1936) was an Irish politician who became the President of
Sinn Féinfor the year 1908.
He was the eldest son of Mr John Sweetman (a Dublin brewer) and Honoria, daughter of Mr Malachy O'Connor (a Dublin merchant). He was born in
County Dublinand educated at Downside Collegein Somerset. He lived at Drumbaragh, Kells, County Meath. He married Agnes Hanly at the Catholic Church, Navan, County Meath on 11 September 1895. They had six children.
In 1879 he was prominent enough in Irish nationalist circles to be a committee member and propose the election of
Charles Stewart Parnellas president of the Irish Land League.
In 1880 he visited
Minnesotaand became involved in a scheme to settle poor Irish people in the State. On 27 December 1881 "The Times" published an article from 'a correspondent' (who may have been Sweetman himself) about 'An Irish Colony. Currie, Murray County, Minnesota'. The article explained that John Sweetman was the Managing Director of the Irish-American Colonization Company, "the principal organizer and practical director of the emigration...in order to make the most profitable selection of lands Mr Sweetman travelled through and carefully examined the States of Dakota and Minnesota, and also Manitoba, and finally purchased some 20,000 acres (80 km²) of prairie land situated in Murray County ...".
Unfortunately the colonisation project was not a complete success, but it did help a number of people to obtain a better life in America.
The Sweetman brewery in Dublin was purchased by the Guinness family in 1891.
He was a major investor in the "National Press" newspaper. "The Times" of 3 June 1892 mentioned that "Mr John Sweetman of
County Meath, who had contributed £1,000 as a donation to the fund for starting the "National Press", had been unanimously selected for the Eastern Division". This was at a convention to select Nationalist candidates for the two Parliamentary constituencies in County Wicklow.
He was a member of Parliament who worked for Irish
Home Ruleand strongly opposed armed insurrection. He represented East Wicklow 1892-1895, as a member of the Anti-Parnellite faction of the Irish Parliamentary Party. He became a Parnellite in 1895 and resigned his seat, with effect from 8 April 1895, by being appointed the Steward of the Manor of Northstead. He contested the by-election on 26 April 1895 but was defeated. He also lost at North Meath in the 1895 general election.
By the early twentieth century he had become more radical. In 1905, speaking at the annual conference of the
Catholic Truth Society of Irelandin response to a paper suggesting the replanting of the waste lands of Ireland as a remedy to emigration, he displayed considerable hostility to the "English" government. "The Times" reported that he said "it was not for that society to call upon its greatest enemy, the English government, to plant forests. The English government hated the Irish nation as that of Egypt hated the Jewish nation, and they must fight the Government with all the weapons that God had given them, just as Moses had fought the Egyptians. Unfortunately they had not the power to call down the ten plagues of Egypt upon the English Government, but they could boycott England's manufactures and her Navy and Army".
He was one of the founders of Sinn Féin in 1905, succeeding
Edward Martynto be the second President of the party in 1908. Arthur Griffithtook over as the third President later in the year.
He died in Dublin in 1936.
Descendants:Not much is known.
* "Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Vol. II 1886-1918", edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
* "The Times" (of London), editions of 27 December 1881, 5 April 1889, 3 June 1892, 5 July 1892, 10 April 1895, 17 September 1895 and 13 October 1905 and 10 September 1936.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sweetman — (Irish: Suatman or Swetman) is an Irish surname derived from the Old English bynames of Swet, Sweta and Swete which are derived from the word Swete (meaning popular ) and survived into the medieval period, being later gaelicised to Suatman… … Wikipedia
John Le Marchant (British Army cavalry officer) — Infobox Military Person name= John Gaspard Le Marchant lived= 1766 ndash; 1812 placeofbirth= Amiens, France placeofdeath= Salamanca, Leon, Spain caption= nickname= allegiance= flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom serviceyears= 1783 to 1812 rank … Wikipedia
John Henry Whyte — (30 April 1928, Penang, Malaysia 16 May 1990, New York, United States) was an Irish historian, political scientist and author of books on Northern Ireland, divided societies and on church state affairs in Ireland. Early life Whyte was born in… … Wikipedia
John Carpenter's Cigarette Burns — Cigarette Burns redirects here. For the indicator used in film, see cue mark. For Dawson s Creek episode, see Cigarette Burns (Dawson s Creek episode). John Carpenter s Cigarette Burns Masters of Horror episode … Wikipedia
John Carpenter's Cigarette Burns — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: John Carpenter präsentiert „Cigarette burns“ Originaltitel: John Carpenter’s Cigarette Burns Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 2005 Länge: 57 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Carpenter’s Cigarette Burns — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel John Carpenter präsentiert „Cigarette burns“ Originaltitel John Carpenter’s Cigarette Burns … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sweetman — Gerard Sweetman (* 10. Juni 1908 in Dublin; † 28. Januar 1970) war ein irischer Politiker und Mitglied der Fine Gael. Von 1943 bis 1948 gehörte der ehemalige Rechtsanwalt dem Seanad Éireann an, legte jedoch im Februar sein Amt nieder, um in den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Paul College, Rotorua — Infobox NZ school name = John Paul College motto = Ma te Pono, Me te Aroha: Through Faith and Love type = State integrated co educational secondary school (Year 7 – 13) established = 1987 address = Kahu Street, P.O. Box 5040, Rotorua West, New… … Wikipedia
Dan Sweetman — Daniel Albert Sweetman (born 7 May 1985) is the former co host for Network Ten s national cartoon show Toasted TV. His father, John, works as a Principal Pastor while his mother, Debbie, is a piano teacher. He also has two younger siblings, Alex… … Wikipedia
Gerard Sweetman — (* 10. Juni 1908 in Dublin; † 28. Januar 1970) war ein irischer Politiker und Mitglied der Fine Gael. Von 1943 bis 1948 gehörte der ehemalige Rechtsanwalt dem Seanad Éireann an, legte jedoch im Februar sein Amt nieder, um in den Dáil Éireann zu… … Deutsch Wikipedia