List of watermills in the United Kingdom


List of watermills in the United Kingdom

The use of water power in Britain was at its peak just before the Industrial Revolution. The need for power was great and steam power had not yet become established. It is estimated that at this time there were well in excess of ten thousand watermills in the country. Most of these were corn mills (to grind flour), but almost any industrial process needing motive power, beyond that available from the muscles of men or animals, used a water wheel, unless a wind mill was preferred.

Today only a fraction of these mills survive. Many are used as private residences, or have been converted into offices or flats. A small number have been preserved or restored as museums where the public can see the mill in operation.

This is a list of some of the surviving and demolished watermills and tide mills in the United Kingdom.

England

Berkshire

*Abbey Mill, Reading
*Calcot Mill, Reading

Buckinghamshire

*Ford End Mill, Ivinghoe
*Hambleden Mill, Mill End
*Pann Mill, High Wycombe

Cambridgeshire

*Hinxton Mill, Hinxton
*Houghton Mill, Houghton
*Lode Watermill, Lode
*Soham Mill, Soham

Cheshire

*Bunbury Mill, Bunbury
*Dunham Massey Sawmill, Altrincham
*Nether Alderley Mill, Macclesfield
*Quarry Bank Mill, Styal
*Stretton Watermill, Stretton

Cornwall

*Cotehele Mill, Saltash
*Crumplehorn Watermill, Polperro
*Melinsey Mill, Veryan
*Trewey Mill, Zennor
*Wheal Martin, St Austell

Cumbria

*Acorn Bank Mill, Penrith
*Boot Watermill, Eskdale
*Gleaston Watermill, Ulverston
*Heron Corn Mill, Milnthorpe
*Little Salkeld Watermill, Penrith
*Stott Park Bobbin Mill, Ulverston

Derbyshire

*Arkwrights Mill, Cromford
*Caudwells Mill, Rowsley
*Masson Mill, Matlock Bath
*Stainsby Mill, Chesterfield
*Lumsdale Mills, Matlock

Devon

*Clyston Mill, Broadclyst
*Coldharbour Mill, Cullompton
*Docton Mill, Hartland
*Finch Foundry, Okehampton
*Manor Mill, Seaton
*Morwellham Quay, Tavistock
*Otterton Mill, Budleigh Salterton

Dorset

*Castleton Water Wheel Museum, Sherborne
*Mangerton Mill, Bridport
*Sturminster Newton Mill, Sturminster Newton
*Town Mill, Lyme Regis
*White Mill, Sturminster Marshall


=Durham=

*Brignall Mill, River Greta
*Killhope Wheel, Weardale
*Path Head Mill, Blaydon

Essex

*Bourne Mill, Colchester
*Thorrington Tide Mill, Thorrington

Gloucestershire

*Dean Heritage Centre, Cinderford
*Owlpen Manor, Gloucestershire, with bolting, cleaning and winnowing machinery, dated 1728

Hampshire

*Alderholt Mill, Fordingbridge
*Eling Tide Mill, Eling
*Headley Water Mill, Headley
*Longbridge Mill, Sherfield on Loddon
*Whitchurch Silk Mill, Whitchurch
*Winchester City Mill, Winchester

Hertfordshire

*Kingsbury Watermill, St Albans
*Mill Green Watermill, Hatfield
*Redbournbury Mill, Redbourn

Kent

*Wandle Mill, Benenden
*Crabble Corn Mill, Dover
*Haxted Watermill, near Edenbridge - now a Surrey mill. (Medway)
*Chart Gunpowder Mills, Faversham
*Hever Watermill, Hever (Medway)
*Hythe Watermill, Hythe
*Swanton Mill, Mersham (Stour)
*Periwinkle Mill, Milton Regis
*Ryarsh Mill, Ryarsh (Medway)
*Ashbourne Mill, Tenterden

*See also:-
**Medway watermills
***Medway watermills (lower tributaries)
***Medway watermills (middle tributaries)
***Medway watermills (upper tributaries)
**Stour watermills

Lancashire

*Higher Mill, Helmshore, Rossendale
*Thurnham Mill, Conder Green

Leicestershire

*Mill On The Soar, Broughton Astley

Lincolnshire

*Alvingham Mill, Alvingham
*Cogglesford Watermill, Sleaford

London

*Upper Mill, Carshalton
*Three Mills, Bromley by Bow

Norfolk

*Aldborough Watermill on Scarrow Beck
*Congham Oil Mill near Congham
*Eade’s Watermill at Great Witchingham
*Gimingham Watermill on the River Mun
*Gresham Watermill, Gresham,
*Gunton Park Sawmill, Gunton Park, North Norfolk
*Heacham Watermill
*Hempstead Watermill
*Kettle Watermill in King’s Lynn
*Letheringsett Watermill, Holt
*Mundesley Watermill on the River Mun
*Narborough Bone Mill on the River Nar, West Norfolk
*Sheringham Watermill in North Norfolk
*Snettisham Watermill
*Weybourne Watermill

Northumberland

*Heatherslaw Mill, Etal

Nottinghamshire

*Cuckney Mill, Cuckney
*Fiskerton Mill, Fiskerton
*Ollerton Mill, Ollerton
*Rufford Mill, Rufford
*Warsop Mill, Warsop

Oxfordshire

*Goring Mill, Goring-on-Thames
*Mapledurham Watermill, Mapledurham
*The Mill at Sonning, Sonning Eye

Shropshire

*Daniels Mill, Bridgnorth

Somerset

*Bishop's Lydeard Mill, Taunton
*Burcott Mill, Wookey
*Claverton Pumping Station, Claverton
*Dunster Mill, Dunster
*Gants Mill, Bruton
*Hornsbury Mill, Chard
*Saltford Brass Mill, Saltford
*Wookey Hole Paper Mill, Wells

Staffordshire

*Brindley Water Mill, Leek
*Cheddleton Flint Mill, Cheddleton
*Mosty Lea Mill, Stone
*Shugborough Estate Mill, Stafford

Suffolk

*Alton Mill, Stowmarket
*Pakenham Watermill, Bury St Edmunds
*Woodbridge Tide Mill, Woodbridge

Surrey

*Cobham Watermill, Cobham
*Haxted Watermill, near Edenbridge (Medway)
*Shalford Mill, Guildford
*See also:-
**Medway watermills


=Sussex, East=

*Michelham Priory Mill, Hailsham
*Park Mill, Etchingham
*Tide Mills, Newhaven
*See also:-
**Medway watermills


=Sussex, West=

*Coulterhaw Beam Pump, Petworth
*Ifield Watermill, Crawley
*Lurgashall Watermill, Singleton

Tyne and Wear

*Path Head Watermill, Blaydon

Warwickshire

*Charlecote Mill, Stratford-upon-Avon
*New Hall Mill, Sutton Coldfield
*Sarehole Mill, Hall Green, Birmingham
*Wellesbourne Watermill, Wellesbourne

Wiltshire

*Coleshill Mill, Swindon


=Yorkshire, North=

*Fountains Abbey Mill, Ripon
*Howsham Mill, Malton
*Pateley Bridge Watermill, Harrogate
*Raindale Mill, York
*Tockett's Mill, Guisborough


=Yorkshire, South=

*Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet, Sheffield
*Shepherd Wheel, Sheffield
*Wilsons of Sharrow, Sheffield
*Top Forge, Thurgoland
*Worsbrough Mill, Barnsley


=Yorkshire, West=

*Armley Mill, Armley
*Scarcroft Watermill
*Thwaite Mills, Leeds

Worcestershire

*Churchill Forge Mill, Churchill
*Fladbury Watermill, Worcestershire

Scotland

Aberdeenshire

*Benholm Mill, Benholm near Johnshaven, Kincardineshire

Angus

*Barry Mill, Carnoustie

Dumfries and Galloway

*New Abbey Mill, New Abbey,

East Lothian

*Preston Mill, East Linton

Orkney

*Barony Mills, Birsay
*Dounby Click Mill, Dounby

North Ayrshire

*Dalgarven Mill, Kilwinning

Perthshire

*Blair Athol Mill, Pitlochry

Shetland

*Crofthouse Museum, Dunrossness
*Quendale Mill, Dunrossness

Western Isles

*Siabost Mill, Lewis

Northern Ireland

County Down

*Annalong Mill, Annalong
*Castle Ward Mills, Strangford
*Dundonald Old Mill, Dundonald

County Fermanagh

*Florence Court Sawmill, Enniskillen

County Tyrone

*Wellbrook Beetling Mill, Corkstown

Wales

Anglesey

*Melin Howell, Llanddeusant

Cardigan

*Y Felin, St Dogmaels

Carmarthenshire

*Crugybar Watermill
*National Woollen Museum, Newcastle Emlyn

Ceredigion

*Dyfi Furnace
*Llywernog Silver Lead Mine Museum, Aberystwyth
*Rock Mill, Llandysul

Glamorgan

*Gelligroes Mill, Caerphilly
*Cardiff: St Fagans - Working
*Y Felin Dolwys, Parkmill

Gwynedd

*National Slate Museum, Llanberis

Powys

*Bacheldre Mill, Montgomery

Channel Islands

Jersey

*Quetivel Mill, St Peter's Valley

Isle of Man

*Groudle Glen, Isle of Man
*Lady Isabella Waterwheel, Laxey

ee also

*List of windmills
*Windmill
*Windpump
*Tide Mill
*Martin Watts: "Watermills", Shire Publications Ltd, UK, 2006

External links

* [http://victorian.fortunecity.com/holbein/871/ A catalogue tide mills by county]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.