Wolfsburg


Wolfsburg

Infobox German Location
Art = city
Wappen = Wappen Wolfsburg.pnglat_deg = 52 | lat_min = 25 | lat_sec = 23
lon_deg = 10 | lon_min = 47 | lon_sec = 14
Karte =
Lageplan =
Lageplanbeschreibung =
Bundesland = Niedersachsen
Landkreis = Kreisfreie Stadt
Höhe = 63
Fläche = 204.02
Einwohner = 120493
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 38400–38448
PLZ-alt =
Vorwahl = 05361, 05362, 05363, 05365, 05366, 05367, 05308
Kfz = WOB
Gemeindeschlüssel = 03 1 03 000
NUTS = DE913
LOCODE = DE WOB
Gliederung = 16 Ortschaften,
40 Stadtteile
Adresse = Porschestraße 49
38440 Wolfsburg
Website = [http://www.wolfsburg.de www.wolfsburg.de]
Bürgermeister = Rolf Schnellecke
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = CDU

Wolfsburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located on the River Aller northeast of Braunschweig ("Brunswick"). Wolfsburg is bordered by the districts of Gifhorn and Helmstedt.

History

The city of Wolfsburg is very young, since it was planned by the Nazis in order to build a town for the workers of the Volkswagen factories. It was founded in 1938 as Stadt des KdF-Wagens ("City of the KdF Car") around the village of Hesslingen in the District of Gifhorn. "Kraft durch Freude" (abbreviated "KdF" and meaning "strength through joy") was the German state-controlled leisure organization; one of its projects was the "KdF-Wagen", which would later be known as the VW Beetle. During World War II there were also jeeps, airplanes and other military equipment built, mainly by forced workers and POWs at these factories.

After World War II, in 1945, the city got its present name after the Wolfsburg castle located in the city, which was founded about 1300 on the bank of the Aller river. Today there is another castle at the place, which was built after 1600. In 1951, Wolfsburg was separated from the District of Gifhorn, and became an urban district. In November 2003, Wolfsburg was renamed Golfsburg for one week to celebrate the 5th generation of the Volkswagen Golf.

Main sights

Wolfsburg lacks historical buildings, and the sights include new attractions like the Autostadt (a huge open air museum about automobiles, owned and operated by Volkswagen), a planetarium, the Phaeno Science Center, the largest hands-on science museum in Germany, and an excellent private art museum (Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg) specialized on modern and contemporary art.

Until the fall of the Iron Curtain and the dismantling of the Berlin Wall, Wolfsburg was simply a place along the road to Berlin just inside West Germany. The town has not enjoyed an active tourist industry, and many guide books have even advised avoiding it when travelling in Germany.

With the opening in 2000 of Autostadt and that of Phaeno, as well as restaurants and a Ritz Carlton Hotel, tourism increased.

port

The most famous professional sports club in the city is VfL Wolfsburg, that was established in 1945.

Twin towns

*Flagicon|United Kingdom Luton, United Kingdom, since 1950
*Flagicon|France Marignane, France, since 1963
*Flagicon|Italy Province of Pesaro e Urbino, Italy, since 1975
*Flagicon|Germany Halberstadt, Germany, since 1989
*Flagicon|China Changchun, People's Republic of China
*Flagicon|Russia Togliatti, Russia, since 1991
*Flagicon|Poland Bielsko-Biała, Poland, since 1998
*Flagicon|Brazil Taubaté, Brazil

Associated cities:
*Flagicon|Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1985
*Flagicon|Japan Toyohashi, Japan since 2002

External links

* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/Europe/Germany/States/Lower_Saxony/Localities/Wolfsburg/ Wolfsburg at Dmoz]
* [http://www.autostadt.de Autostadt]
* [http://www.phaeno.de Phæno - science museum]
* [http://www.autouni.de AutoUni - MobileLife Campus - university]
* [http://www.wolfsburg.de City of Wolfsburg]
* [http://www.kunstmuseum-wolfsburg.de Wolfsburg Art Museum]
*Wikitravel


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