River Wey


River Wey

Geobox|River
name = Wey
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =


image_size =
image_caption = River Wey near its north source at Farringdon, Hampshire
etymology =
country_

country = England
country1 =
state =
state1 =
region_type = Counties
region = West Sussex
region1 = Hampshire
region2 = Surrey
district_type = Districts / Boroughs
district = Chichester (district)
district1 = East Hampshire
district2 = Waverley
district3 = Guildford (borough)
district4 = Woking (borough)
district5 = Elmbridge
city_type = Towns
city = Farnham
city1 = Haslemere
city2 = Godalming
city3 = Guildford
city4 = Weybridge
city5 = Alton, Hampshire
landmark = Surrey Hills AONB
landmark1 =
landmark2 =
landmark3 =
landmark4 =
length =
watershed = 904
discharge_location = Weybridge
discharge =
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discharge1_average =
discharge2_location =
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source_name =
source_location = Farringdon /Blackdown
source_district = Alton / Haslemere
source_region = Hampshire/West Sussex
source_state =
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source_lat_d =
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source_long_EW =
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mouth_name = River Thames
mouth_location = Weybridge
mouth_district = Elmbridge
mouth_region = Surrey
mouth_state =
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tributary_left = River Tillingbourne
tributary_left1 = River Ock
tributary_left2 =
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The River Wey in Surrey, Hampshire and West Sussex is a tributary of the River Thames with two separate branches which join at Tilford. The source of the north branch is at Alton, Hampshire and of the south branch at Blackdown south of Haslemere. The Wey has a total catchment area of 904 km2, draining parts of Surrey, Hampshire and West Sussex. [cite web | title=About the Wey Catchment Abstraction Management Strategy | work=The Environment Agency website | url=http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/regions/thames/323150/323314/176905/315312/ | accessdate=2007-10-23] It joins the River Thames below Shepperton Lock near Weybridge which is named after the river.

Course

Wey North

The Wey North branch rises in Alton in Hampshire and runs eastwards through Upper Froyle and Bentley, turning southwards at Farnham to Tilford. [ [http://www.weyriver.co.uk/theriver The River Wey and Wey Navigations Community Site] ] The catchment of this branch was originally the upper catchment of the Blackwater, which then ran northwards through what is now Farnham. The Wey captured the Blackwater near Tilford; the capture extended downstream to Farnham, thus reversing the flow to southwards between Farnham and Tilford. The Blackwater remains as a much shorter river to the north of Farnham, with a wind gap (empty valley) between it and the Wey.

Wey South

The Wey South branch rises at Black Down near Haslemere and runs through Liphook, Bramshott, Bordon, Lindford and Frensham to Tilford. Tributaries of this branch are Cooper's Stream and the River Slea. [ [http://www.weyriver.co.uk/theriver The River Wey and Wey Navigations Community Site] ]

Wey combined

From Tilford the river runs by Elstead, Eashing, Godalming, Peasmarsh, Shalford, Guildford, Old Woking, Pyrford, Byfleet, Addlestone and Weybridge. From Godalming the river is intertwined with the Wey and Godalming Navigations. [ [http://www.weyriver.co.uk/theriver The River Wey and Wey Navigations Community Site] ]

The River Ock joins at Godalming, Cranleigh Waters and the River Tillingbourne at Shalford and the Hoe Stream at Woking.

The 19½ mile towpath of the navigable section is open to walkers.

History

During the seventeenth century the river was made navigable to Guildford and extended in the eighteenth century to Godalming. The Basingstoke Canal and Wey and Arun Junction Canal were later connected to the river. The navigable sections are now owned by the National Trust. "See Wey and Godalming Navigations for more about these navigations."

The river has long been used as a source of power for mills, and many are recorded in the Domesday Book. At one point there were 22 mills on the river, and more on its tributaries. At various times they have been used for grinding grains, fulling wool, rolling oats, crushing cattle cake, leather dressing, paper production and gunpowder manufacture. Willey Mill was still in use in 1953. [cite web | title=All About Watermills & Their Millers | work=The River Wey & Navigations website | url=http://www.weyriver.co.uk/theriver/industry_2_watermills.htm | accessdate=2007-10-23]

There has been a mill on the site of Guildford Town Mill since at least 1649.cite web | title = Hydro Tour Information Sheet | work = | publisher = Guildford Borough Council | date =
url = http://www.guildford.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/9B9980FE-7332-423B-8922-B0B6DBBF6777/0/HydroTourInformationSheet.pdf | format = PDF | accessdate =2008-04-04
] From 1770, an additional water wheel was being used to pump water to the town reservoir on Pewley Down. This was replaced by two water turbines in 1896, then a single turbine in 1930, in use until 1952 when itself replaced by electric pumps nearby. In 2003, Guildford Borough Council arranged for the refurbishment and installation of an identical turbine as an example of renewable energy. Rather than pumping water, this turbine drives a generator to supply up to 260,000 kWH of electricity into the National Grid, annually. The turbine came on-line in 2006. [cite web | title = Guildford Borough Council wins "green" award for commitment to renewable energy for the hydro project | work = | publisher = Government Office for the South East| date = 13 November 2006
url = http://www.go-se.gov.uk/gose/news/newsarchive/467693/ | accessdate =2008-04-04
] (The 1930 turbine has since been preserved, and may be viewed at Dapdune Wharf).

Natural environment

Much of the upper reaches of the river is within the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The river passes through a variety of habitats including heathland, woodland and watermeadow, resulting in a broad diversity of wildlife. There are numerous Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and Nature Reserves along the river. There are many angling clubs along the river, and healthy stocks of many species of fish including Chub, Barbel, Roach, Pike, Bream, Carp, Perch and Eels.

References

See also

*Canals of the United Kingdom
*List of rivers in England

External links

* [http://byfleetboatclub.com Byfleet Boat Club]

* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/places/riverwey/ Dapdune Wharf and River Wey Navigations]
* [http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/subjects/flood/floodwarning/S03 River Wey Catchment Flood Warnings]
* [http://www.guildfordrowingclub.org.uk/ Guildford Rowing Club]
* [http://www.weykayak.co.uk/ Wey Kayak Club]
* [http://www.weyriver.co.uk/theriver The River Wey and Wey Navigations Community Site]

River item line|upstream=Wey and Godalming Navigations (south)
downstream=River Ash (north)


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