List of political philosophers

List of political philosophers

This is a list of political philosophers, including some who may be better known for their work in other areas of philosophy. Note, however, that the list is for people who are "principally" philosophers.The philosophers are listed in order by year of birth to show rough direction of influences and of development of political thought. See also, Political philosophy.

Ancient, medieval and incipient modernist
*Confucius (551-479 BCE)
*Socrates (470-399 BCE)
*Mozi (470-390 BCE)
*Xenophon (427-355 BCE)
*Plato (427-347 BCE)
*Diogenes of Sinope (412-323 BCE)
*Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
*Mencius (372-289 BCE)
*Chanakya (350-283 BC)
*Xun Zi (310-237 BCE)
*Thiruvalluvar (3rd BCE-2nd CE)
*Han Feizi (?-233 BCE)
*Cicero (106-43 BCE)
*Pliny the Younger (63-113 CE)
*Saint Augustine (354-430 CE)
*Al-Farabi (870-950)
*Averroes (1126-1198)
*Maimonides (1135-1204)
*St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
*Marsilius of Padua (1270-1342)
*William of Ockham (1285–1349)
*Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406)
*Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527)
*Martin Luther (1483-1546)
*John Calvin (1509-1564)
*Richard Hooker (1554-1600)
Modern (born pre-19th century)
*Jean Bodin (1530-1596)
*Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
*Hugo Grotius (1583-1645)
*Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
*James Harrington (1611-1677)
*Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677)
*John Locke (1632-1704)
*Montesquieu (1689-1755)
*David Hume (1711-1776)
*Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1788)
*Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
*William Blackstone (1723-1780)
*Adam Smith (1723-1790)
*Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
*Thomas Paine (1737-1809)
*Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)
*Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
*William Godwin (1756-1836)
*Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
*Henri de Saint-Simon (1760-1825)
*Benjamin Constant (1767-1830)
*Georg W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
*Charles Fourier (1772-1837)
*James Mill (1773-1836)
*Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)
*Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881)
*Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
Born in 19th century
*Simion Bărnuţiu (1808-1864)
*Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach (1804-1872)
*Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859)
*Max Stirner (1806-1856)
*John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
*Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865)
*Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
*Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876)
*Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)
*Karl Marx (1818-1883)
*Friedrich Engels (1820-1895)
*Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
*Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)
*Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
*Eduard Bernstein (1850-1932)
*John Dewey (1859-1952)
*Max Weber (1864-1920)
*Benedetto Croce (1866-1952)
*Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)
*Rosa Luxemburg (1870-1919)
*Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)
*Giovanni Gentile (1875-1944)
*Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
*Martin Buber (1878-1965)
*Otto Bauer (1881-1938)
*Georg Lukács (1885-1971)
*Sergio Panunzio (1886-1944)
*Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)
*Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937)
*Walter Benjamin (1892-1940)
*Max Horkheimer (1895-1973)
*Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979)
*Leo Strauss (1899-1973)
*Alfred Sohn-Rethel (1899-1990)
*Friedrich Hayek (1899-1992)
Born in 20th century
*Erich Fromm (1900-1980)
*Michael Oakeshott (1901-1990)
*Karl Popper (1902-1994)
*Theodor Adorno (1903-1969)
*Raymond Aron (1905-1983)
*Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)
*Hannah Arendt (1906-1975)
*Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966)
*Isaiah Berlin (1909-1997)
*Norberto Bobbio (1909-2004)
*Albert Camus (1913-1960)
*Roland Barthes (1915-1980)
*Fazlur Rahman Malik (1919-1988)
*Louis Althusser (1918-1990)
*Paulo Freire (1921-1997)
*John Rawls (1921-2002)
*Cornelius Castoriadis (1922-1997)
*Frantz Fanon (1925-1961)
*Gilles Deleuze (1925-1995)
*Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
*Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007)
*Jürgen Habermas (1929- )
*Jacques Derrida (1930-2004)
*Félix Guattari (1930-1992)
*Ronald Dworkin (1931- )
*Charles Taylor (1931- )
*Guy Debord (1931-1994)
*Antonio Negri (1933- )
*Fredric Jameson (1934- )
*Wendell Berry (1934 - )
*Robert Nozick (1938-2002)
*Étienne Balibar (1942- )
*Slavoj Žižek (1947- )

Others: This section is for people whose inclusion in the above list is being discussed. Their status as philosophers in general and political philosophers specifically is generally verifiable, but controversial. They are listed in order of birth:
*Thomas Muntzer (1490–1525)
*Rifa' al-Tahtawi (1801-1873)
*Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925)
*Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957)
*Ayn Rand (1905-1982)
*Kancha Ilaiah (1952-)

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