Combination car


Combination car

For the railroad vehicle, see Combine car.

Early ambulances like this 1948 Cadillac were also used as hearses
A Cadillac Miller-Meteor ambulance

A combination car was a vehicle built upon a (usually Cadillac) "professional car" chassis which could be employed either as a hearse or as an ambulance, and had the capability of being swapped between those roles without much difficulty. These vehicles were upgraded by coachbuilders such as Superior, Miller-Meteor, and Cotner-Bevington, and were typical of the era when funeral homes offered emergency ambulance service in addition to their primary trade.

Even if a "combo" has no flashing lights (mounted or concealed), siren, or two-way radio installed, an experienced vehicle collector can recognize it as such by it having systems to carry either a gurney or a casket, one or more foldable seats on one side in the rear compartment where a first-aid person can sit while looking after a patient on their way to the hospital, and a cabinet where first-aid supplies can be stored.

Also, the presence of ambulance technology made combos useful in the first call role, as a gurney is also used in that function.

Some combos were equipped with rotating roof beacons that could flash either yellow lights in processional mode, or both red and yellow lights in emergency response mode. Alternately, a hole on the roof was often supplied where a beacon could be bolted on an intermittent basis, a wire passing through to the driver's compartment where it could be plugged in when needed.

Combos employed more often or exclusively as ambulances were often fitted with ambulance markings and additional lighting. However, usage of passenger car or station wagon derived vehicles as ambulances became impractical in the US after c. 1980 due to upgraded equipment and interior measurement requirements imposed by US government regulators. Many such vehicles were donated or otherwise found their way to developing nations.

The Cadillac combination unit was made famous in Ghostbusters as the Ecto-1, a modified 1959 Miller-Meteor coach.

References

External links

  • Professionalcar.org An enthusiast community specializing in hearses, flower cars, car-based ambulances, combination cars, limousines and other livery vehicles. Open to anyone with an interest in these vehicles.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Combination car — Combination Com bi*na tion, n. [LL. combinatio. See {Combine}.] 1. The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things. [1913 Webster] Making new compounds by new combinations. Boyle. [1913 Webster] A solemn combination shall be made Of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Combination — Com bi*na tion, n. [LL. combinatio. See {Combine}.] 1. The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things. [1913 Webster] Making new compounds by new combinations. Boyle. [1913 Webster] A solemn combination shall be made Of our dear… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Combination by volume — Combination Com bi*na tion, n. [LL. combinatio. See {Combine}.] 1. The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things. [1913 Webster] Making new compounds by new combinations. Boyle. [1913 Webster] A solemn combination shall be made Of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Combination by weight — Combination Com bi*na tion, n. [LL. combinatio. See {Combine}.] 1. The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things. [1913 Webster] Making new compounds by new combinations. Boyle. [1913 Webster] A solemn combination shall be made Of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Combination lock — Combination Com bi*na tion, n. [LL. combinatio. See {Combine}.] 1. The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things. [1913 Webster] Making new compounds by new combinations. Boyle. [1913 Webster] A solemn combination shall be made Of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Combination room — Combination Com bi*na tion, n. [LL. combinatio. See {Combine}.] 1. The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things. [1913 Webster] Making new compounds by new combinations. Boyle. [1913 Webster] A solemn combination shall be made Of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Car body style — articleissues unreferenced = November 2007 original research = November 2007 Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. Some are still in production, while others are of historical interest only. These styles are largely (though… …   Wikipedia

  • Car handling — and vehicle handling is a description of the way wheeled vehicles perform transverse to their direction of motion, particularly during cornering and swerving. It also includes their stability when moving in a straight line. Handling and braking… …   Wikipedia

  • car´bon|less — car|bon «KAHR buhn», noun. 1. a very common chemical element which occurs in combination with other elements in all plants and animals. Diamonds and graphite are pure carbon in the form of crystals; coal and charcoal are mostly carbon in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • car|bon — «KAHR buhn», noun. 1. a very common chemical element which occurs in combination with other elements in all plants and animals. Diamonds and graphite are pure carbon in the form of crystals; coal and charcoal are mostly carbon in uncrystallized… …   Useful english dictionary


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