Erlitou culture

Erlitou culture

The Erlitou culture (simplified Chinese: 二里头文化 traditional Chinese: 二里頭文化 pinyin: èrlǐtóu wénhuà) (2100 BC to 1800 BC [Fairbank, 35.] or 1500 BC) is a name given by archaeologists to an Early Bronze Age urban society that existed in China. The culture was named after the site discovered at Erlitou in Yanshi, Henan Province. The culture was widely spread throughout Henan and Shanxi Province, and later appeared in Shaanxi and Hubei Province. Most Chinese archaeologistsFact|date=February 2008 identify the Erlitou culture as the site of the Xia Dynasty, while most Western archaeologists remain unconvinced of the connection between the Erlitou culture and the Xia Dynasty since there are no extant written records linking Erlitou with the official history.

Discovered in 1959, Erlitou is the largest site associated with the Erlitou culture at 3 km². Erlitou monopolized the production of ritual bronze vessels.Fact|date=February 2008 After the rise of the Shang Dynasty, the site at Erlitou greatly diminished in size, but remained inhabited during the early phase of the Shang Dynasty.

The Erlitou culture may have evolved from the Longshan culture. Originally centered around Henan and Shanxi Province, the culture later spread to Shaanxi and Hubei Province.

ee also

*Xia Shang Zhou Chronology Project
*Erligang culture
*Three August Ones and Five Emperors
*Xia Dynasty



*Fairbank, John King and Merle Goldman (1992). "China: A New History; Second Enlarged Edition" (2006). Cambridge: MA; London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01828-1
*Liu, Li. "The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States", ISBN 0-521-81184-8
* The Golden Age of Chinese Archaeology
* Allan, Sarah, "Erlitou and the Formation of Chinese Civilization: Toward a New Paradigm", The Journal of Asian Studies, 66:461-496 Cambridge University Press, 2007
* Liu, L. & Xiu, H., "Rethinking Erlitou: legend, history and Chinese archaeology", Antiquity, Volume: 81 Number: 314 Page: 886–901, 2007

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erlitou culture — Neolithic culture (1900–1350 BC) of the central plains of northern China. It was the first state level society in China, and its remains are taken to be correlates of the Xia dynasty. Remains of palatial buildings, royal tombs, and paved roads… …   Universalium

  • culture — /kul cheuhr/, n., v., cultured, culturing. n. 1. the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc. 2. that which is excellent in the arts, manners,… …   Universalium

  • Erlitou — 34°42′6.33″N 112°41′49.48″E / 34.7017583, 112.6970778 La culture d Erlitou 二里頭 est une culture chinoise de la fin du Néo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erligang culture — The Erligang culture (二里岡文化) (1600 1400 BC) is the term used by archaeologists to refer to a Bronze Age archaeological culture in China. The primary site was discovered at Erligang, just outside of the modern city of Zhengzhou, Henan, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Zhukaigou culture — The Zhukaigou culture (朱開溝文化) was a late Neolithic and early Bronze Age culture centered in the Ordos Plateau of Inner Mongolia, China. The type site at Zhukaigou was discovered in Ejin Banner, Inner Mongolia, and excavated from 1977 to 1984.… …   Wikipedia

  • Dawenkou culture — or Ta wen k ou culture Chinese Neolithic culture of с 4500–2700 BC. It was characterized by the emergence of delicate wheel made pots of various colours; ornaments of stone, jade, and bone; walled towns; and high status burials involving ledges… …   Universalium

  • Hongshan culture — or Hung shan culture (4000–3000 BC) Prehistoric culture of far northern China. It appears to have had a three tiered elite whose members were honoured with complex burials. Painted pottery found there may link it to Yangshao culture, while its… …   Universalium

  • Economic history of China before 1911 — For developments after 1911, see Economic history of Modern China. A Chinese dragon seen floating among clouds, engraved on a golden canteen dated to the 15th century, during the …   Wikipedia

  • East Yi West Xia — (Yi Xia Dong Xi Shuo, 夷夏東西說) is the obsolete theory about the origin of prehistory culture in current China which says that the culture of Shang dynasty was established by two ethnic groups; Western part of Shang dynasty was developed by Xia… …   Wikipedia

  • Xia Dynasty — The Xia Dynasty (zh cpw |c=夏朝 |p=xià cháo |w=hsia ch ao) of China is the first dynasty to be described in ancient historical records such as Records of the Grand Historian and Bamboo Annals . According to the traditional chronology based upon… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.