Kings of Osraige


Kings of Osraige

The Kings of Osraige reigned over Osraige, which was largely a buffer state between Leinster and Munster, in Ireland. Its southern border were the Suir and Barrow rivers, though it originally extended to the sea and its rulers had some influence over the Norse kings of Waterford. In the north it may have once stretched over the Slieve Bloom and reached the River Shannon, but in the historic era it generally stayed to the south of these mountains, the boundary generally being the river Nore.

In a clockwise direction (starting at 12:00) it was bordered by the kingdoms or lordships of Ele, Ui Duach, Loigis, Ui Drona, Uí Cheinnselaig, Desi Mumhain, and Eóganachta Caisel.

Its main town and dynastic capital was Kilkenny.

The name Osraige is said to be from the Usdaie, a tribe that Ptolemy's map of Ireland places in roughly the same area that Osraige would later occupy. Other tribes in the vicinity were the Brigantes and the Cauci. The Osraighe themselves claimed to be descended from the Érainn people.

Modern day County Kilkenny and part of west County Laois comprise the core area of what was this kingdom.

Early Kings of Osraige to 800 [From the "Book of Leinster" king lists and various Irish annals.]

* Feradach Finn mac Duach (died 581)
* Colmán mac Feradaig (died 603)
* ...
* Scannlan Mór mac Cinn Fáelad (died 644)
* Fáelán mac Crundmaíl (died 660)
* Tuaim Snámha (died 678)
* Fáelchar Ua Máele Ódrain (died 693)
* Cú Cherca mac Fáeláin (died 712)
* Fland mac Congaile
* Ailill mac Fáeláin
* Cellach mac Fáelchair (died 735)
* Forbasach mac Ailella (died 740)
* Anmchad mac Con Cherca (died circa 761)
* Tóim Snáma mac Flainn (died 770)
* Dúngal mac Cellaig (died 772)
* Fáelán mac Forbasaig (died 786)
* Máel Dúin mac Cummascaig
* Fergal mac Anmchada (died 802)

List of Kings from 842 to 1172

* Dúngal mac Fergaile (died 842) 802-842
* Cerball mac Dúnlainge 842-888
* Riacan mac Dunlainge 888-894
* Diarmait mac Cerbaill 894-905
* Cellach mac Cerbaill 905-908
* Diarmait mac Cerbaill 908-928
* Cuilen mac Cellaig 928-933
* Donnchad mac Cellaig 934-976
* Gilla Patráic mac Donnchada 976-996
* Cellach mac Diarmata 996-1103
* Donnchad mac Gilla Patráic 1003-1039
* Gilla Patráic mac Donnchada 1039-1055
* Muirchertach mac Gilla Patráic ????-1041
* Domnall mac Gilla Patráic 1055-after 1072
* Donnchad mac Domnaill after 1072-1090
* Gilla Patráic Ruad 1090-1103
* Cerball 1103-c.1113
* Domnall mac Donnchada Mac Gilla Patráic ????-1113
* Finn Ua Caellaide ????-????
* Donnchad Balc mac Gilla Patráic Ruaid after 1119-1123
* Donnchad Dub c.1121-c.1121
* Murchad Mac Murchada c.1123-1126
* Conchobar mac Cerbaill 1123-c.1126
* Gilla Patráic mac Domnaill Mac Gilla Patráic c.1126-1146
* Cerball mac Domnaill Mac Gilla Patraic 1146-1163
* Murchad Ua Caellaide ????-????
* Donnchad mac Gilla Patráic Mac Gilla Patráic after 1151-1162
* Domnall Mac Gilla Patráic 1162/63-1165
* Domnall Mac Gilla Patráic 1165-1176
* Diarmait Ua Caellaide 1170-1172

Notes

References

*"Kings of Osraige, a.842-1176", pages 202-203, in "A New History of Ireland", volume IX, ed. Byrne, Martin, Moody, 1984.
*"The FitzPatricks of Ossory", T. Lyng, Old Kilkenny Review, Vol. 2, no. 3, 1981.
*"Book of Leinster","Reges Ossairge" at [http://celt.ucc.ie/index.html CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts] at [http://www.ucc.ie/ University College Cork]

ee also

* Irish kings
* Irish Royal Families
* Kingdom of Osraige


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