Godwar (also called Godwad, in different periods also was called Chandravati Kingdom, Sirohi State), is a region of
Rajasthanstate in western India. Abu Roadand Sirohiare the chief towns in the region.
It lies in the south-west Rajasthan and borders
Gujarat. On the north there is Marwarregion. Godwar is situated on the western side of the Aravalli Range, which runs through Rajasthan from southwest to northeast. Mount Abu, the highest peak of the Aravallis, is in the region. The region comprises Jalore, Sirohi and the southern portion of Pali districts of Rajasthan.
Most of the region is drained by the
SukriRiver and its tributaries, which flow west to join the Luni Riverbefore it empties into the Rann of Kutch. The southeastern portion of the region is drained by the West Banas River.
Except for Sirohi District, which receives decent rainfall because of being nestled in the Aravalli mountains, the rest of the region has an arid semi-desert climate, and is part of the
Northwestern thorn scrub forestsecoregion. The western portion of Jalore District lies in the Thar Desert, and has a desert landscape complete with sand dunes.
From the early tenth century the region was ruled by the
Paramaras of Abu from the capital Chandravati. The first Paramar ruler of the area was Sindhuraja.
In 1024, Chandravati Kingdom was attacked and plundered by
Mahmud Ghazni,when he passed through Rajasthan to attack Anahilavada. After defeating Prithviraj IIIin 1192, the Muslim Army also attacked Chandravati. In 1197 Qutubuddin’ general Khusravdefeated its king Dharavarsha near the foot of Mount Abu.
In about 1315 the region passed into hands of
Deoras, a branch of the Chauhanclan of Rajputs. Deoraj, founder of the dynasty, claimed descent from Prithviraj III, the last Hinduruler of Delhi. In 1405, Rao Sobhaji (6th in descent from Rao Deoraj) founded the town of Shivpurion the western slope of Siranwa Hill. Shivpuri today lies in ruins. In 1425, his son and successor, Sehastramal (or Sahastramal, Sehastramal), founded a fortress on the eastern slope of the same hill, which became his capital and grew into the present-day town of Sirohi. The capital was shifted to Sirohiaround 1450.
During the early years of the 19th century, Sirohi Kingdom suffered much from wars with
Jodhpurand the Meena hill tribes of the area. The protection of the British was sought in 1817; the pretensions of Jodhpur to suzerainty over Sirohi were disallowed, and in 1823 a treaty was concluded with the British government. Sirohi became a self-governing princely statewithin British India, and part of the RajputanaAgency.
For services rendered during the
Revolt of 1857, the Rao received a remission of half his tribute. The state was traversed by the Rajputana Railwayin the 19th century, and a station was built at Abu Road, 28 miles south of the town of Sirohi. Rao Keshri Singh (ruled 1875-1920) and his successors were granted the title " Maharao" (equivalent to Maharaja) in 1889.
The area of the state was 5087 km² (1964 square miles) and its population in 1901 was 154,544. The population of the town of Sirohi that year was 5651. These figures represented a decrease of 17% from the figures that obtained in the previous census of 1891; this was presumably the result of the famine that stalked the land for much of that decade.
The state manufactured sword-blades and other weapons, but little else. In 1901 the gross revenue of the state was approximately Rs 28,000, and the tribute to the
British Rajwas set at a mere Rs 450. The Crosthwaite Hospital was opened by Sir Robert Crosthwaitein December 1897.
The Sirohi state joined
Indiaafter the independence.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rajasthan — राजस्थान State Clockwise from top: The Oberoi Vanyavilas, Dilwara Temples, Hawa Mahal,Rajasthan Desert, City Palace, Lake Palace, Umai … Wikipedia
Trollech — Infobox musical artist Name = Trollech Img capt = Img size = Landscape = Background = group or band Alias = Origin = Plzeň, Czech Republic Genre = Black metal Years active = 1999 ndash; present Label = Ketzer Records Associated acts = URL = [http … Wikipedia
Intercompany crossover — In comic books, an intercompany crossover (also called cross company or company crossover) is a comic or series of comics where characters published by one company meet those published by another (for example, DC Comics Superman meeting Marvel s… … Wikipedia
SuperGroup — Infobox Television show name = SuperGroup format = Reality television runtime = 40 minutes per episode starring = Scott Ian Ted Nugent Evan Seinfeld Sebastian Bach Jason Bonham Doc McGhee country = United States network = VH1 num episodes = 7… … Wikipedia
Trollech — Основная информация … Википедия
Supergroup (TV series) — For other uses, see Supergroup (disambiguation). SuperGroup Format Reality television Starring … Wikipedia
Patrick Herron — (b. 1971, Camden, New Jersey) is an American poet, electronic musician (as Blindfolder ), and innovation dynamics research analyst at Duke University. He is the creator of [http://proximate.org/ proximate.org] and founder of the annual… … Wikipedia
List of India-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to India or Indian culture include: NOTOC List of India related topics People are listed by their first names. 1231 SGM 3 STR 2002 Gujarat violence 2005 in India ( previous years ) 2004 Indian Ocean… … Wikipedia
Mithila — Ancient Indian (Bharata) cities and places (titles and location names are in English.) Mithila (Sanskrit: मिथिला, mithilā) was a city in Ancient India, the capital of the Videha Kingdom. The name Mithila is also commonly used to refer to the… … Wikipedia
Awadh — Oudh redirects here. For the Oudh tree, see agarwood. For the Arabic musical instrument, see Oud. Historical region of North India Awadh Location … Wikipedia